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1
Content available remote Przyczynki do genealogii Żółkiewskich w XVI w.
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EN
It could seem that the history of the Żółkiewskis, one of the most famous and distinguished families in the Commonwealth at the turn of the 16th and 17th century, should be very well known and documented. In fact, with regard to political and especially military activity of the chancellor and the great Crown hetman Stanisław and partly of his father’s we know quite a lot. However, surprisingly little is known about the hetman’s ancestors – the Żółkiewskis from Żółkiew (current name Żółkiewka) near Krasnystaw. Rather laconic and often misleading information contained in Paprocki’s or Niesiecki’s armorials was without much criticism repeated by historians. Meanwhile a thorough library research of court registers from Chełm and Krasnystaw led to many new findings, shedding a new light on their family connections. It can be inferred from this source that the grandfather of hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski was in fact not Mikołaj, the alleged Bełżec voivod, as armorists would have it, but Stanisław, Khorunzhyi of Chełm and Krasnystaw, succamerarius of Bełżec and a judge of Chełm, who died in 1525. It was also possible to capture the family connections and activity of hetman’s paternal uncles (Jan, Tomasz, Kasper and Marcelin) and cousins (Paweł, Andrzej, Jan, Tomasz and Idzi) in the Chełm Land. An attempt was also made at explaining the fact of the co-occurrence of two Żółkiewski families, with different coats of arms – Lubicz and Bończa, and it was possible to trace the origins of the latter ones to the Radwański family, having their parts of land in Żółkiew, who with time started using the place-derived name as well.
EN
This paper deals with the reconstruction of the now longer preserved gallery of coats of arms at Roupov Castle (District of Klatovy, Western Bohemia) based on manuscripts XVII.A.8 and XVII. E. 28 a from the Czech National Library. Information from individual manuscripts was combined to form an image of probably the largest Czech family coat of arms gallery at the end of the 16th century containing a collection of coats of arms from 270 noblemen and noblewomen. The gallery probands are Jan Nezdicky of Roupov (died before 1607) and his two wives - Dorota Bezdruzicka of Kolovraty and Benigna of Svamberk. The paper draws attention to the utilization of hitherto neglected manuscript sources for research into displays of self-awareness among the privileged classes and it attempts to show the way in which the nobility used genealogical and heraldic means for representative purposes. Not least, these manuscripts are often the only source of information on genealogical and heraldic artefacts which are no longer in existence.
EN
The article deals with some questions that are closely connected with clarifying the meaning of causal claims and understanding their distinctive features. It presents a perspectival view of causation that regards both the asymmetry of causation and its temporal orientation as products of our own perspective that we all share. The authoress argues against one of the basic thesis of causal perspectivalism according to which the notion of causation arises from our experience of success as agents, and she asserts that the distinction between causes and effects can also be relevant to practical or epistemic behaviour of creatures who are mere observers.
EN
This article, a study in dynastic microgenealogy clarifies, on a given example, the motivations and both political and cultural consequences of a certain Polish-Russian marriage. This concerns the union of Bolesław I the Tall (Wysoki, 1127-1201), the eldest son of the Polish lord Władysław II the Exile, and Zwienisława, the eldest daughter of the Duke of Kiev, Wsiewołod Olegowicz. The article corrects certain chronological inconsistencies embedded in literature, concerning the date of the marriage, as well as resulting from it campaign of Russian forces to aid Władysław II, who was fighting the Junior Dukes. According to the author, the marriage of Boleslaw and Zwienisława took place between March 1, 1142 and the atmospheric winter ending that year. The author also investigated the issue of, almost universally incorrectly interpreted by historians, Polish political situation in Russia. The author assures that aside from the episode of 1139 there was no conflict between Olegowiczes, led by Wsiewołod Olegowicz and Monomachowiczes – the descendants of Włodzimierz Wsiewołodowicz Monomach. This could not have been a factor contributing to the reasons for marriage of Bolesław and Zwienisława.
5
Content available remote On the Subject of Antonín Dvořák’s Ancestors
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EN
The present article follows upon the work of Jan Miroslav Kvet and Jiri Musil concerning ancestors of the Czech composer Antonin Dvorak and corrects some mistaken conclusions they reached. Attention is devoted primarily to ancestors of Dvorak's grandfather on his mother's side, Josef Zdenek, whose parents - and therefore other ancestors as well - were wrongly identified by the above-mentioned researchers. It turns out that some of Dvorak's ancestors came from Bystrice (Wistritz), a village in Northern Bohemia near Teplice which at that time had mainly a German population. This is where the earliest determined ancestors of Antonin Dvorak lived, in the 17th century. Appended to the article is a list of all known ancestors of Dvorak's grandfather Josef Zdenek giving dates of births, deaths, and marriages.
6
Content available remote I Denzio: tre generazioni di musicisti a Venezia e a Praga
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EN
Based on research in Venetian and Prague archives, the study presents biographical data and family relationships of the musicians with the name Denzio. Already Pietro Denzio was an opera impresario; his marriage to Teresa, nee Peruzzi, gave birth to Antonio Alvise Denzio in Venice on 23 September 1689, who was later a tenor, Prague impresario and librettist. His sister Elisabetta, who died at the age of 21, was also a singer. In 1718, Antonio Denzio married Giovanna, nee Miola, with four of thein ten children born in Venice and six in Prague; daughter Marina Maddalena also became a singer. The witnesses for Antonio Denzio's wedding and the godfathers to his children were usually members of patrician families, i.e. Badoer, Gradenigo, Minotto and Venier in Venice, and university rector Wenzel Neumann, count Leopold Paar and others in Prague. Giovanni Maria Peruzzi, who left Prague together with his son impresario A. M. Peruzzi in 1725, after a conflict with Denzio, and went to Breslau, was probably Denzio's uncle. In 1730 he stood godfather to one of Denzio's daughters in Prague and died 1735 in Prague. The sources discovered also include a betrothal contract with a list of bride's marriage portion, and the testaments of Antonio Denzio's parents: Pietro drew up his testament in 1711 while Teresa drew up hers in 1733. Mother's testament indicates that Pietro Denzio and his son Antonio were in Regensburg in the autumn of 1733 and then, in December, again in Prague. Denzio and his family continued to stay in Prague even when he no longer worked as an impresario there: his tenth child was born there in July 1736. In Prague, he laid the foundations of the local public opera - type 'teatro impresariale' - which existed there until 1807.
EN
The story about the origins of the Czarnkowski family (Nałęcz coat of arms) originated in the 16th century, at a time when its representatives held prominent posts not only in Wielkopolska, but also throughout Poland. It was created, among other things, on the basis of a group of false documents, forged in the first half of the 16th century. Although historical sources confirm the presence of the family in the areas bordering the river Noteć only since the 14th century, the story goes back to the family history from the 10th century. The long “history” of the family was created due to pragmatic reasons: on the one hand, to enhance the prestige of the family, on the other, to confirm rights to some estates.
EN
The purpose of the article is to present associations between gentry from the Southern part of the Great Poland province and gentry from the Northern part of Silesian province in the early modern time on example of Kotwicz Górczynski family from Fraustadt (Wschowa) land and related with them von Kottwitz family from the Duchy of Glogau (Glogów). There were some natural phenomena among gentry of this borderland as arranging of marriages between both sides, buying properties across the border and even moving to the other land. There were no problems with these activities in 16th century. However, at the beginning of the 17th century foreign gentry was accused in Poland of buying land and settling there without the recognition of their legal status as noblemen. Von Kottwitz family from Silesian Köben (Chobienia) and Kontopp (Konotop) experienced such accusations. It is possible that this was the reason that Silesian barons von Kottwitz falsified their genealogy and tried to prove that they were patrilineal descendants of the Polish noble family Kotwicz what allowed them to inherit legally Górczyn property near Fraustadt.
9
Content available remote Społeczność Wielunia w pierwszej połowie XVI w.
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EN
Wieluń in the first half of the 16th century was a middle-sized town but could be considered a big one in Greater Poland. The described town society had to live in the finest period in Wieluń’s history, without wars and natural disasters, but in a convenient location on trade routes. The town was a conglomerate of various social, professional, religious and informal groups. Along with natural divisions resulting from the place of residence (within the town walls and outside), profession or identity there also existed differences in terms of their class. New burgesses came from the very bourgeoisie, but also from peasantry and gentry, though mainly poor. The society of Wieluń could also be divided in a considerably lesser degree on account of their ethnic affiliation and professed religion, Jews and Protestants infrequently settled there. The role of a keystone, the element binding together bourgeoisie varying in terms of their social background and economic status was best performed on religious plane, although it was far from equality even there. However, all of them met in the parish church (and other churches), belonged to the same fraternities, gave donations for the building of the same altars and finally were buried at the same cemeteries.
EN
Zobor Charters of 1111 and 1113 belong to the oldest and most important sources of the Slovak history. Their significance lies not only in the knowledge of the Church history, but also of the socio-cultural circumstances shortly after the forcible termination of the Granted Dukedom of Nitra. Thanks to their existence we can identify the most significant nobility in Nitra personified in the Poznan family. The charter of 1113 maps the historical geographical conditions of the south-western Slovakia.
EN
In Polish scientific literature the question of terminology of kinship, consanguinity, affinity and other family relationships in medieval sources was raised twice. The in-depth analysis of the issue was presented in the monograph of a linguist Mieczyslaw Szymczak (1966) and the article of a medievalist Maria Koczerska (1982). Both authors emphasized the temporal variability of terminology and its ambiguity. Thus one could say that the issue of genealogical terminology in a medieval Poland is insightful and well researched, and the newer studies may only add illustrations and examples. J. Bieniak - a genealogist, states that the structure of Szymczak's study is inconsistent and erroneous in many respects, especially in case of full and partial family relation. The partial family relation includes stepsiblings, as well as stepparents and their stepchildren. It may be called 'foster relation'. Bieniak states, that the differentiating full family relation from partial family relation in the fourth degree of kinship is pointless, as in the fourth degree of kinship there is no common parent. Additionally, the relation between the stepmother or stepfather and the stepchildren is no 'foster kinship', but one of the classical forms of family connections (as a consequence of a marriage of ancestors in older generation). Thus, the future genealogical monographs of the family relationships terminology should not reproduce that artificial question of 'incomplete family relation'. The author draws his attention on the double meaning of family relations terminology that is present in historical sources, as it designates not only real family relations but also is used in conventional way. Bieniak ponders the problem, when such a terminology was used to express a real family relation, and when to express a conventional one (i.e. the usage of such terms as 'father', 'brother', 'son', 'sister' etc. in convents, monasteries, but also at the court). The author also considers the problem of evident errors in the historical sources, which - afterwards - became a part of historical knowledge as recognized, true and indisputable facts. He uses two examples to present his method. He states, that historian should: 1) find inconsistency of sources, 2) compare the sources and explain which sources seem to be true and show the real genealogical family connection, 3) explain the cause of the error.
EN
The Douglas family gained huge importance in Scotland during the war between England and Scotland in the years 1306-1329, during the reign of Robert Bruce. The founder of its greatness was James Douglas, one of the most important military leaders in the conflict. The subject of armorial legends of Blood-red Heart and Fence are Douglas’s two chivalrous deeds. The analysis of the stories’ narration, preserved in historical works and in those from the field of heraldry (especially in John Barbour’s poem The Bruce) reveals several motifs both interesting and useful to the family. They express for instance James’s intimacy with the person of the ruler (Robert Bruce), Douglas’s knightly valour or his military cunning and skillfulness in using stratagems. With time armorial legends underwent a particular heroisation. In traditions of subsequent Douglas generations ideological content of the aforementioned motifs was visibly emphasized. However, it does not change the fact that the stories in question refer to the events which are known to us also from document sources as well as the ones not directly connected with the Scottish family. Thus Douglas armorial legends hold the collective memory of the glorious past of the family community. Preservation of these oral traditions throughout the centuries was to a large extent a result of linking them with widely spread iconographic motifs – heraldic figures of a heart and a fence. The Douglas family encoded and communicated the history of their family in the language of heraldry (Blood-red Heart), and also secondarily noticed the signs of family history on their seals and shields (Fence). The analysis of the coats of arms in question and the legends accompanying them discloses an advanced culture and historical awareness of the Scottish family.
EN
In the recent decades of the 20th century, little interest about empirical authors within modern literary science, has been problematical mainly in Polish literary practice. The author has been returning into Polish literary scholarly reflection by several ways: as a result of an incursion into the literature of paraliterary genres; as bringing the auto-consciousness of the author to present time, which starts the mechanism of mimesis; as a part of meta-fiction. The conception of a biographical triangle by Czerminska (evidence, profession, challenge) is presented on the background of a discussion on functions and conceptions of genealogical studying of literature (Balcerzan, Bartoszynski, Balbus). A characteristic tendency in Polish literature to mark the work of art by the person of the author, which is treated in the conception of presence of the author in a work as a process (not an artefact), has been approached by Zieniewicz as a style of behaving and style of realness, and, for example, presented by Nycz in a more widely conceived biographical discourse. For the authors of the youngest generation the auto/biographical methods of older generations become biographical figures, which are possible to use in diversely conceived situations of narration and metafiction. In the end of the study it is stated that in the Polish literary scholarly reflection different tendencies are present: studying literature in the framework of genealogical systems as well as discursive approach, in which genealogical notions are suppressed.
14
Content available remote Předmluva a doslov jako párové peritexty knihy
88%
Bohemistyka
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2010
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tom 10
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nr 2
133-152
EN
The author focuses on two elements which comprise the frame of a literary work of art: the preface and the ending, sometimes called the prologue and epilogue. They belong to the unstable elements of a work of art, mainly because sometimes the authors include only one of them. The function of a preface is to explain the reader why he or she should read the work, which is noticeable in all the arguments included (i.e. the work of a very talented artist, interesting topic, unique analysis of a problem etc.). There are also elements explaining the genesis of the work or its context, sometimes clues how to understand the work of art. In the ending the author or the publisher of a literary work of art provides further information, whose aim is to influence the way of its interpretation. The ending may also contain information about the author (his or her life and other works), indicating the context of the work’s origin. The author warns us that the preface and the ending ought not to be mistaken with academic commentary, which is a part of the academic addition to the work of art.
EN
This paper focuses on a specific kind of medieval written source - the letters of private people. In particular, the author focuses on a group of private letters written by Hungarian noble women. It explores the possibilities of using these letters for historical and genealogical research while also looking at themes such as the history of education and schooling, as well as the everyday lives of the medieval nobility. The author analysed ten letters and managed to identify a number of people in the process, who were previously unknown in the genealogy of specific noble families. Different connections and relationships were identified that had previously been unknown in Slovak and Hungarian historiography. By looking at the development of education and the knowledge of writing in the Hungarian Empire, the author sheds light on when and why the writing of private letters became part of everyday life for female Hungarian nobles and not just their male counterparts. The paper provides a unique view into the lives of medieval Hungarian noble women, through the study of their own words, letters and personal writings.
Mesto a dejiny
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2015
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tom 4
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nr 1
15 – 29
EN
Lineage of masons, stonecutters and architects belonged also to important part of urban community and townspeople elite. The author of this study presents new genealogic and heraldic information about stone-architectural lineage of Rosspeidtner (Rosspeudner). This lineage belonged to prominent representatives of early baroque architecture in Hungarian capital city in 17th century and in the beginning of 18th century. Genus of Rosspedtner was of a protestant nature, which came to Hungary probably from the Lower Austria after the year 1625 and was present there for three generations till the year 1713. The founder of Hungarian part of this lineage was Wolfgang Rosspeidtner († 1659), who settled in Pressburg in its suburb (Vydrica). In year 1630 he was admitted as townsman and a member of brickwork-architectural guild. He became an active member, long time guild leader and he gained lots of important contracts from the town, Pressburger’s townsmen and its nobility, most of all from the nobility of Palffy. For his architectural activity he has received the aristocratic status for him and his successors. Also his sons and grandson Juraj Rosspeidtner († 1713), who has become a very important member of this genus, were active as masons and architects. He also worked for the city, most of all for Palffy, from whom he has received several contracts for reconstruction of feudal residences in the city as well as in the countryside. Juraj Rosspeidtner died on the peak of his career due to plague. The last known member of Hungarian part of this genus, his daughter Johanna Zuzana has married to aristocratic family Geramb. The author of this study introduces also heraldic monuments, which reminds this lineage, burghers and aristocratic heraldry of Rosspeidtner.
Mesto a dejiny
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2015
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tom 4
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nr 2
37 – 53
EN
The urban elite that was unquestionably formed by the mayors and other leading representatives of the municipal administration and intellectuals, was a characteristic part of any modern free royal town in the Kingdom of Hungary. This distinctive elite community was based on their own laws. From the other parts of the population were different on the basis of assets, educational levels and a coherent and sophisticated wedding strategy particularly based on the affinity links. Purpose was to maintain the social status, influence and to keep urban authorities that managed the city. By analysing of the background of five detailed profiles of Trenčín’s mayors in 17th century, their different origin, religion and external circumstances, brings new facts of life in cities and present less known aspects of our history.
EN
The author shows the fortunes of the Teschner family which was active in Toruń for a short period of four generations only (1401-1524). Its progenitor Stephen came to Prussia from Świdnica. In the second and third generations members of the family baceme members of the municipal authorities. The sons of Stephen, Matthias and Martin, were very active merchants. Their trade contacts included Silesia, Masovia and Gdańsk. Shortly before the Thirteen Years’ War with the Teutonic Order the brothers were certainly the richest merchants in Toruń. They granted high loans to the city of Toruń and to the Prussian States which were to be paid by the Toruń City Council until the beginning of the 16th c. However, because of premature deaths of both brothers (Matthias and Martin), their wealth found its way to subsequent husbands of their widows. Only John, son of Martin, attained high offices in the city. His career was assisted by marrying Elizabeth Rackendorff and adopting her son Philip (born probably after the marriage with Elizabeth), whose natural father was Luke Watzenrode, later bishop of Warmia (Ermland). The career of John Teschner was also terminated by his premature death.
EN
The aim of the present paper is to introduce Michel Foucault’s archaeology as a specific symptomatology. The thesis of symptomatology can be found in Nietzsche’s oeuvre where one can find a lot of papers analysing the relation between Nietzsche’s genealogy and Foucault’s conception of genealogy. However, Nietzsche appears also in the Les Mots et les Choses. This led us to interpreting the role of Nietzsche in Foucault’s archaeology and emphasizing the role of the language and the conception of symptom as a specific sign.
EN
This study presents the life, career, and family connections of a senior official of the Royal Hungarian Chamber, Michal Partinger (†1686), a native of Pressburg (now Bratislava, Slovakia), which was then the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary. The primary aim of this study is to discuss nepotism at royal offices in the Kingdom of Hungary during the early modern period. It highlights the importance of genealogical and archontological research in its analysis of this phenomenon.
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