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This article attempts to point out the main problem in research on workaholism, namely over-use of the term workaholism when describing symptoms or constructs which are not related to work addiction. Workaholism has one, negative pathological/dysfunctional form and can be differentiated from the healthy forms of over-engagement (e.g. work enthusiasm). Based on the analysis of one example of research results, this article explains that the nomenclature of „workaholic“ is not applicable to the case of over-engaged employees with healthy symptoms (e.g. high work involvement and work enjoyment and high or low satisfaction with life situation). The second aim of the article is to argue that the invalid conceptualisation and measurement of workaholism can result in conclusions which do not really regard work addiction.
Studies conducted among 1417 rural tourist accommodation facilities in Poland have shown that 966 of them have names for their service. Created names most often correspond to the profile of the business. A total of 130 objects specifically suggested that their product is the agritourism, using less sophisticated terms: agritourism, agritourism farm, gite, or expanding it by an additional element, usually referring to the owner’s name or surname, plants (clover) or the location of the facility (e.g. in a valley or on a peninsula). There were also names of rural tourism facilities which suggested surroundings of the homestead („Kraina trzech stawów”) or accentuated its regional affiliation („Czar Roztocza”). Owners often used their names to promote the tourism product for example: „U Basi”, U Zochy”, „U Kazika” or „U Kowalskich”. They were not innovative, as in the case of the names created of parts of owners’ names or surnames for example: „Czester”. 451 services on the web portal did not have any names, which may cause that their offer will not remain for long in the minds of the potential customers, or will not be noticed at all. It must be emphasized that giving proper, attractive and easy to remember name is an important marketing move that could bring success to tourism activities.
The article is an attempt at presenting the picture of a contemporary Russian clerk based on Alexander Potyomkin’s book Desk (Стол). In the text, there is an outline of the history of Russian bureaucracy with the emphasis on the Soviet Union period, during which the clerical elite’s “nomenclature” deve-loped. The validity of the construction of the paper is based on the thesis that the sources of a contemporary bureaucracy are to be found in a previous epoch. Special attention is drawn to the continuously up-to-date system pathology which constitutes specific elements of bureaucracy in Russia, namely: corruption, nepotism, careerism.
The approach for the unification of published proposals for the nomenclature and abbreviations of aminoalkylphosphonic acids and their derivatives is presented. Their modification was made on the basis of the IUPAC-IUB rules concerning the nomenclature and code system of proteinogenic amino acids. Our present proposal formulates the supplementary code and nomenclature system allowing unambiguous description of phosphonic analogs of proteinogenic amino acids, their analogs, homologs, metabolites, and derivatives including phosphonopeptides.
The article analyzes a nomenclature policy of the VKP(b) Central Committee during the World War II and the early postwar period. As the key sources the authors study following documents: lists of nomenclature positions, reports about changes in the number of positions, information on the composition and number of executives and another documents created in the Central Committee of the VKP(b). This paper briefly explores the dynamics of the quantity of nomenclature, the internal and external factors that determined the growth and decline of nomenclature positions. The greatest increase in nomenclature positions occurred in 1939–1941, when the nomenclature of the Central Committee included almost all significant positions in the USSR at that time. During the war between the USSR and Nazi Germany, a reverse trend was indicated. It was a sharp decline in the posts of nomenclature. This decline was caused by the occupation of Soviet territories and the reduction in the party's control over state structures. Separately, the article analyzes the personnel reform of 1946–1948, undertaken by the Secretary of the VKP(b) A.A. Kuznetsov. This article offers the reasons for the failure of this reform.
It can be taken for granted that the names of Polish companies quite clearly indicate the era in which they operate. Enterprises were called differently in the years 1944-1970, when marketing was considered both as an obstacle and economically not necessary. In 1971- 1989, the naming of Polish companies was something intermediate between recognition of marketing principles and bureaucratic principles of a centrally planned economy. After 1990, many Polish companies try to be as similar as possible to Western fashions, with particular emphasis on the Anglo-Saxon circle. They often give up the attractions of regionalism.
The corrected publication date of Guérin Méneville’s publication “Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés, Arachnides et Insectes...Paris” affects some names proposed in the work cited above. The following nomenclatural acts based upon the date of publication of December 31st, 1838 for the text part and November 25th, 1830 for plate 2 are proposed. Cladophorus Guérin Méneville, 1830 (Lycidae) has priority over Cladophorus Gray, 1832 (Lampyridae). Consequently Spacekia Strand, 1936 is considered to be a junior objective synonym of Cladophorus Guérin Méneville, 1830 nес Gray, 1832. Metriorrhynchus Gemminger and Harold, 1869 is found to be the oldest replacement name for Metriorhynchus Guérin Méneville, 1838. Porrostoma Castelnau, 1838 is considered to be a valid name for a separate genus in Lycidae. Calopteron limbatum (F.) is designated to be the type species of the genus Calopteron Castelnau, 1838. Flabellotrichalus novaeguine- ensis nom. nov., comb. nov. is proposed for Cladophorus dimidiatus Bourgeois, 1892 nec Guérin Méneville, 1830 which is a senior objective homonym. Metriorrhynchinae Kleine, 1926 (Insecta, Coleoptera) is a valid name and Metriorrhymkus Gemminger et Harold, 1869 is the type genus of the subfamily. The authorship of some family group taxa has to be corrected: Calopterini Green, 1949 instead of Kleine, 1933 and Dexorini Bocák et Bocáková, 1990 instead of Kleine, 1933.
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