At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the Germanization of the Grand Duchy of Posen became stronger. The role of the Polish language in education was significantly repressed. Polish language was gradually eliminated from schools. Society's impoverishment made the private education impossible. In that situation, a group of women from Poznan founded the 'Warta' society to educate the poor Polish children. Its aims were put into practice by establishing libraries, and encouraging educational, cultural and patriotic values. Women, members of 'Warta', proved their great involvement in Polish education regardless of unfavorable relations, repressions and financial problems.