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This study included patients with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage who were treated in intensive care unit of GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Division of Internal Medicine during 1 year. Medical and demographic data of the patients were recorded. These patients were followed for 3 months after being discharged from the intensive care unit. Of the 50 patients in the study, 18 were female (36%), 32 were male (64%). The mean age was 47±2 years, and the ages ranged between 17 and 89 years. We did not find any statistically significant results in our evaluation of the relationship between the mean platelet volume and the number of transfusions, endoscopic findings, and prognosis after 3 months of follow-up.
Transfusion after cardiac surgery is very common. This rate varies between institutions and has remained high despite established transfusion guidelines. We analyzed our database of patients who underwent isolated CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) to determine the predictive factors of homologous transfusion and associated postoperative morbidity, mortality and resource utilization. All 14,152 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG, with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) who had postoperative homologous transfusion between February 2002 and March 2008 in Tehran Heart Center, were evaluated retrospectively. Overall, 16.5% of patients received transfusion. Transfused patients demonstrated a significantly higher incidence of postoperative complications (cardiac, infectious, ischemic, reoperation) and mortality (p<0.001). Homologous blood transfusion effect on mortality, morbidity and resource utilization. By Multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for confounders: Homologous blood transfusion effect on Mortality (30-days) (OR=3.976, p<0.0001), Prolonged ventilation hours (OR=4.755, p<0.0001), Total ICU hours (β =14.599, p<0.0001), Hospital length of stay (β =1.141, p<0.0001), Post surgery length of stay (β =0.955, p<0.0001). We conclude that the isolated CABG patients receiving blood transfusion have significantly higher mortality, morbidity and resource utilization. Homologous blood transfusion is an independent factor of increased resource utilization, morbidity and mortality.
Content available remote Assessment of chemotherapy-induced anemia in children with cancer
Anemia is a common cause of co-morbidity in children with cancer. We reviewed a series of 124 children with non-metastatic cancer to assess the relationship between chemotherapy intensity, severe anemia, and frequency of transfusion. In more than 60% of children who received intensive chemotherapy, transfusions were prescribed compared to 38% and 21% of children treated with standard and mild chemotherapy, respectively. In conclusion, our data suggest that the intensity and duration of chemotherapy constitute important factors in determining the onset of anemia.
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