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The paper discusses the construction of the detailed inner and absolute chronology of the Koshylivtsy group of the Tripolye culture, existing in the 2nd half of 3rd Millennium BC and in the beginnings of the 2nd Millennium BC on areas of Western Ukraine.To this end the typological, stylistical and comparative analyses of numerous pottery forms, painted with black, red and white ornaments, and probabilistic analyses of some radiocarbon dates were carried out. Detailed analyses of ornament motifs and colour of used paints allowed to reconstruct the set of characteristic stylistic elements of the Koshylivtsy group. Owing to the comparison of some of these elements with similar ones from the other local groups of the Tripolye culture it was possible to determine their relative chronological position in the evolution sequence of the late phases of the mentioned culture. The Koshylivtsy group in its evolution passed through the following phases: (a) phase I (Werteba II - Bilshivtsy V) - the period of group formation. Strong Brinzeni and possibly Lublin-Volhynian influences, (b) phase II (Blyschanka) - strong influences of late-Shipentsy group, (c) phase III - (Koshylivtsy Camp) - simplification of ornamentation, (d) phase IV (Kudrynci, Kozyna) - further simplification of ornamentation.
Former research on the painted and 'graphitic' ceramics focused mainly on their origins, formal and stylistic analyses and symbolic meanings of the painted motifs. As far as the pottery manufacturing process is concerned, dominate vague and general information that are being quoted over and over again, yet they lack in reliable conclusions. Difficulties occur at the level of identification of particular categories of pottery. Some general knowledge may be obtained from the macroscopic observations, which find their reflection in archaeological publications. Physico-chemical analyses of visually different painted, 'graphitic' and blackened ceramics will fill the current gap in research on this subject. Thanks to the analyses it was possible to determine specification, identification and establishing of the origins of raw materials used in pottery, forming techniques, surface processing, types of ornamentation and firing temperature, and what follows - ways of firing.
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