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EN
This paper examines the functional transformation of mining town to tourist destinations. First we discuss the theoretical fundamentals of functional conversion and some examples of its successful application to mines and mine-related sites, then we analyse the functional use of selected historical objects in the city of Banská Štiavnica and the village of Hodruša-Hámre and their potential in the tourism industry.
EN
This study presents the history of brown coal mining in the southern Slovak brown coal basin according to archive research in the inter-war period. The author has written the mining history on the basis of documents located in the State Mining Archive in Banska Stiavnica, the State Archive in Banska Bystrica and its branch at Velky Krtis and in the Archive of the Dolina mine in Velky Krtis. He has processed the history of these localities where mining of brown coal mining occurred in the analysed period after establishment of particular mining locations according to cadastral territories. The mining is considered as a process by which coal was obtained to be sold commercially or used in the agricultural economy. The author analysed a total of 13 localities.
EN
1. Purpose The purpose of this article is to attempt to identify the essential fundamental elements of the traditional mining ethos implemented in the ethical codes, which are among others the primary tool for ethical education. 2. Methodology The article describes basic and detailed (as well as characteristic) components of the mining ethos, and the causes and consequences of the mining professional devaluation after the Second World War and its impact on changes of the mining ethos. Also presented and discussed is the role of the codes of ethics of two Polish hard coal mining companies KHW (Katowice Coal Holding) and GKLW Bogdanka (Capital Group Lublin Coal BOGDANKA). It reviews their practices concerning communication, promotion and monitoring of the ethical principles among employees, suppliers and the local community, as well as tasks and activities of the ethics officers. 3. Findings Ethical codes took over the role of communication and they constitute a device for continuation of mining ethos. However, according to the expectations, they must be adapted to transforming the work environment and miners' lives. Ethical codes are contemporary and vitally important devices for development of organisational culture and ethical education in both coal companies. 4. Originality The article shows the continuity of mining ethos and its impact on modern business performance and management. At the same time, it describes the ethics institutionalization process and its positive effect for further development of coal mining industry
EN
The contribution is a collection of mining uniforms in the collection of the Slovak Mining Museum in Banská Štiavnica with an emphasis on the visual specialities of the mining jackets in the context of the periodic regulations of 1919, 1953, 1983, 2004 and 2009. Jackets originating from various mining sites of Slovakia are analysed, as well as the contemporary producers which have been identified thanks to the preserved labels and signed buttons.
EN
The first document relating to royal taxes of Kremnica dates from 1375 and mentions a sum of 600 “red” florins. Various documents from the reign of Sigismund record 300 gold florins paid twice a year. The Union of Central Slovak Mining Towns headed by Kremnica began to form from the end of the 14th century and to act together. In 1424, King Sigismund granted all the towns including Kremnica to his wife Queen Barbara, and from that time they paid their tax to the queen. As head of the Union, Kremnica was given responsibility for joint accounting at the beginning of the 16th century, but it probably already had this role from an earlier date. The mining towns paid the royal tax (taxa regia) jointly. In the documented years 1507-1518, Kremnica paid about a quarter (24.87 – 27.49%) of the tax or in absolute amounts 106 – 288.67 accounting florins. The reduction of the regular tax in comparison with the previous period can be explained by the raising of extraordinary, especially military taxes and the general impoverishment of the mining towns as a result of the declining profitability of mining. The complaints to the king about these problems were so frequent that in numerous cases taxes were not charged for long periods. The share and documentation of the regular taxes gradually declined in comparison with the irregular or special taxes (visit by monarch, military taxes – the so called “subsidia” etc). In these cases, the joint tax could reach several thousand florins. Kremnica’s share may have been about a quarter. As for military taxes (“subsidia”), the towns were often willing to pay only a small part of demanded sums. They attempted to negotiate with the king to gain a substantial reduction.
EN
The study is concerned with the problem of the origin of the timber and charcoal producing settlements in the historic territory of the town Banska Bystrica. The introduction outlines the origin of the mining and metal producing settlements, with the existence of which timber and charcoal production was connected. The specialized timber and charcoal settlements were younger. The oldest developed from originally metal producing settlements. The origin of the first settlements inhabited exclusively by timber and charcoal producers falls in the 17th century. The study follows up the whole process of development of this specific type of settlement from their origin to the mid 19th century.
EN
The author outlines the basic developmental trends in the production of Hungarian copper and its key problems in the researched period of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748), which led to the signing of new basic contracts concerning trade in Hungarian copper. The author analyses the mechanisms for managing mine and metal production on the level of the whole Monarchy and precisely in this period of basic reform of economic administration. The real profit to the state from mining comprised those items that the copper fund (Kupferfundum) and state mining enterprises recorded as liabilities or obligations, which commercial partners regularly provided to the state as loan capital. A payment of such debts represented one of the main external problems of the state mining enterprise and maintenance of the state monopoly on copper with its purchase from private producers in the Spiš – Gemer mining region, where the debts also gradually increased, formed a further – internal problem in the state enterprise. In the period of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748), these two factors seriously affected the development of the whole Hungarian copper industry. This finally led to the managing officials finding a strategic partner for the marketing of copper in the form of the banking house of Jakob Küner von Künersberg and Ján Goll.
EN
This article is devoted to work of women in national concern Ore Mines - Factory Banská Štiavnica. The lettering agenda of Ore Mines - Factory and also opinion evidences of former employees from 1950s and 1980s became the source of exploration. 1950s were difficult for women. No one, neither organizations, nor families, were prepared for such cardinal change in life of a society. Social roles of partners in families got exchanged and the county just built up a network of pre-school institutions and other services, which could at least partly compensate traditional home work of women. Similarly, the ore factories - for centuries the male work-bench - were not ready for the women approach. This submission zooms in the motivations of women decided to work in heavy industry operations, there are their "typical" working positions brought in, also the span of their extra-work activities and legislative ambits, which regulated the women work in ore factories.
EN
The history of copper ore mining in the Kingdom of Hungary and especially in the Spiš – Gemer mining region was marked by an ambivalent relationship between the state and private producers from the introduction of a state monopoly on copper at the end of the 17th century to its end in the mid-19th century. It was no accident that this ambivalence appeared most strongly in the Spiš – Gemer region, because the greater part of production was in private hands here, and in the first half of the 18th century, this mountainous region gained first place in the production of copper in Hungary. During the troubled times of the financially exhausting War of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748), the relationship of the private Spiš – Gemer copper producers to the state was strained, because the payments for the purchase of copper were seriously delayed and the claims of the producers on the state grew from month to month. The representatives of the state chamber and mining administration reflected the needs of the producers, but state interests had priority, especially the current power-political and military priorities of the Monarchy.
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