Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 25

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 2 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  ETHNIC IDENTITY
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 2 next fast forward last
1
Content available remote BEURS: A NEW ETHNIC IDENTITY IN FRANCE
100%
EN
The 1980s witnessed the emergence of a new and distinctive group, 'les Beurs', who came to prominence in the context of rising racial tensions in France, and the centrality of debates about immigration, integration, assimilation, the right to difference, etc. in French political life in the period 1980 to the present. The author discusses some key questions and the term 'Beur' itself as a new ethnonym associated with a generation of young men and women with their own specific cultural identity different from that of their North African parents as well as from that of their peers of European descent. Democratic involvement on the part of the French Republic, with the aim to achieve at least some assimilation of 'Beurs' to the French society, is thus a political challenge. New national and confessional dimensions in the Republic's life are necessary in the light of the cultural difference or separation of 'Beurs' from French culture.
EN
In this article the author discusses the ambivalent position of institutionalised shamanism in the Republic of Sakha, in the Russian Far East. Concurrently with the declaration of sovereignty in 1991, there was an upswing in the ethnic consciousness of the Sakha, the relevant process being manifested in increased interest in Sakha traditions and history. Shamanism, as one of the core features of Sakha culture, soon became an important ethnic symbol. After the establishment of the Association of Folk Medicine, the institution became politicised, being informally embedded in state structures, although formally, it was primarily engaged in healing people. The author shows that the state needed the Association to complete its nation building project, and the Association leaned on the state to increase its significance.
EN
This article deals with language, music, culture program and the use of state symbol through the institution 'Slovak Ball' on the ethnic minority identification processes.
EN
The paper analyse concisely a history of Hungarian community in Czechoslovak Republic after 1918. Similarly as the majority society – Slovaks, the Hungarians underwent a dramatic flow of changes – adaption to conditions of the First Republic (1945 – 1948), a period of communist dictate and democratic changes after November 1989. Each of these periods affected lives of Hungarians living in Slovakia in a different way. The paper is trying to provide elementary information of these developments and reactions of Hungarians not only as members of community but also as individuals.
5
Content available remote CONCEPTUALIZATION AND SYMBOLIZATION OF ETHNIC IDENTITY: SERBS IN HUNGARY
80%
EN
The paper is based on a long-lasting research carried out among the members of Serbian ethnic/national minority in Hungary. The research focused on the topic of ethnic identity. This paper is an attempt to derive the actual concept of ethnic identity out of its results, together with the manner in which it is symbolized in the case of the observed group. The approach assumes that (ethnic) identity is a socio-cultural construction, whereas the results are based on statements and behavior of the group members themselves – those who declare themselves as Serbs.
EN
The paper deals with sport as an important element that strengthens contemporary ethnic identities. In a dynamic global world, people look for something to help them to satisfy their need for collective identification. When such hitherto existing ethnic elements which constituted identity as language, religion, territory or history are not sufficient, new elements are sought. The author discusses some examples of sports and games, which are an important part of the Basque identity. He describes some traditional sports – Korrika, pelota and aizkolariak – as well as football, placing them in their socio-cultural, historical and political context related to the currently important phenomenon of collective identity. The article encourages looking at sport or games in a wider, identity-related and ludological context. The paper also includes a suggestion for a research methodology and indicates the cognitive and applicable utility of this kind of research.
EN
Issues related to identities and ethno-national identifications are more frequently described and analysed in the context of social dynamics. Researchers dealing with the theme point to the evolution of identities, change in their makeup related to the emergence of a different context of group functioning, and also changes connected with the nature of ethnic relations, from habitual relations to ideological relations. The article concerns the Lemko people’s identity. This is a borderline group of multi-dimensional cultural identity, divided in terms of identity. A number of the Lemko people consider themselves as Ukrainians, others consider the Lemko as a distinct ethnic group, while others see themselves as a Carphatorussian nation along with Belarusians, Russians and Ukrainians. The article consists of two main parts. The first part presents basic categories of identity that have been reconstructed on the basis of the research results. The study was carried out in the mid-nineties among representatives of this small east-Slavic community. The second part examines the dynamics of the Lemko identity. The dynamics show variability of its cultural content and a certain evolution of identity constructs created by the Lemko ethnic leaders. The text highlights new developments that emerged in the debate on identity after the Lemko were inscribed as a separate ethnic minority to the Act on National and Ethnic Minorities and Regional Language of 2005.
8
Content available remote ANOTHER LOOK AT 'WHITENESS': THE PERSISTENCE OF ETHNICITY IN AMERICAN LIFE
80%
EN
A number of historians suggest that immigrants from Europe including Irish, Germans, Jews, and Italians, merged into a White or European American group during the twentieth century. Their identity was no longer as Italians or Irish but simply as White Americans. This essay argues that this process was more complex than 'Whiteness' historians claim. A nationality based ethnic identity existed longer than thought, and continued well into post World War II America. Furthermore, ethnicity in terms of subconscious or conscious cultural patterns and behaviors could also continue into third, fourth, and even fifth generations. Ethnicity therefore did not necessarily fade but could maintain its meaning and represent the basis for some differences in values and behavior among various ethnic groups.
EN
The article deals with the writings of Sokrat Janowicz approaching them as a kind of identity narrative characterised by a twofold, complimentary function: consolidating the subject and maintaining the Belarussian ethnos. It is revealed that the narrative's cohesion and continuity, which writer confirms with his personal signature, become guarantees of the survival of Belarussian identity. The narrative space emphasises the places (Białystok, Krynki) that hierarchise and evaluate its constitutive elements.
10
Content available remote TOWARDS IDENTITY.JOURNEY OF POLISH ARMENIANS IN POSTMODERN TIMES
80%
EN
The article examines the contemporary phenomenon of the redefinition of an ethnic community. It describes one method for the ethnic identification of Polish Armenians, a community with a history going back several centuries. The analysis concerns deconstructed texts of the postmodern reality. The topics of identity and journey appear in every attempt to describe Armenian society, just as with every other group whose appearance in a given territory is a result of migration. Thus, the description of culture involves a journey to categories which are fundamental for each community.The reflections in the article are based on an advertisement - a symbolic indicator of the directions taken in Armenian journeys towards identity. The analysis of the cultural content of this text seeks to untangle a web of meanings, signs, and points along the Armenian ethnic map and, at the same time, identify the symbols crucial in the reconstruction of identity. The journey to identity also borrows diverse elements from the past: a faded photograph, a tattered century-old notebook, a ruined manor or chapel located in the remote eastern frontier (Kresy).
EN
This contribution focuses on the problems of ethnic identity and assimilation processes in minority background, and concentrates on the problems of Slovak minorities. The author. presents the classification of assimilation factors, which he designed on basis of the theoretical aspects of ethnicity. These assimilation factors have a vast influence on members of a minority in minority communities. This approach is guided results of the author's field research and review of relevant literature, especially in the areas of the Republic of Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Croatia. The paper contains new information that can contribute to the theory of assimilation processes. The research of these issues and the outlined factors of ethnic assimilation and their contexts certainly cannot be considered as definitive.
EN
This article examines the new, alternative assimilation strategies among the Hungarian Jewish ethnicity after the decade following World War II. As a hypothesis, the author assumes that the Jewish form their integration (formerly assimilation) strategy according to the substantial elements of the internal, latent structures of their identity (Taylor 1996). The study describes the realization of this new identity frame emerging after the regime change among the Jewish Youth living in Debrecen, and concludes that the existence of the frame of this ethnical identity is obviously recognizable and should the current tendencies not change, such new identity concept would gain even more extent in the areas of their beliefs and concepts. The Jewish Youth living in Debrecen is forthright and proud of their ethnical identity, which is in contrast with the reactive identity concept of their ancestors.
Slavica Slovaca
|
2004
|
tom 39
|
nr 2
124-121
EN
Carthusian Monastery at Lapis Refugii in Scepusia (Spis) was active in the period of years 1299-1543. The authoress analyses in the study circumstances of its foundation, the monastery's community (monks - fathers, priors, etc.) and also circle of donors from the view-point of their individual ethnic identity or origin. The analysis on the base of Chronicle of the Anonymous Carthusian and of the preserved documentary material reveals a varied picture of different ethnic and social identities. At the same time she tries to characterize the relationship between individual identity and belonging to the society - community of the monastery. This belonging to the community of Christians is revealed, especially from the view-point of the medieval universality of the Christianity, as more general, more containing, able to include the whole spectrum of the individual identities.
14
Content available remote THIS IS A PIECE OF OUR LAND. ABOUT POLES FROM THE VILLAGE OF STIRCEA IN MOLDAVIA
80%
EN
This article discusses the problem of ethnic and national identity of different social groups. Taking as an example the village of Stircea, inhabited mainly by Poles, the authoress analyzes different factors engaged in the survival of Polish identity among the villagers. At the beginning we have a brief description of the village and its history. Then she reviews various concepts of a nation, mainly based on Anthony D. Smith's approach. She uses his theory to show the difference between 'national' and 'ethnic' minorities (so called ethnie), and argues that the concept of ethnic minority or local community fits particular case better than the general idea of national minority. Language, religion, tradition and the perception of history and their influence on the survival of Polish identity are being discussed as well as the fact that this group forms a compact local community.
EN
In the globalization era the problem of social interactions — especially of creating collective forms of social identities — has become particularly distinct. Buryats’cultural and national revival in the late 20th century referred to their past and attempted to base on the authority of tradition and history. The choice of traditional forms of self-identification made by contemporary Buryats depended on the latter’s — or to be exact their leaders’ — interests. The turn towards the former models of Buryat ethnic identity, which can be revealed while analyzing Buryat chronicles, is one of the keys to understanding contemporary Buryat identity practices. Studying the tradition of Buryat selfconsciousness reflected in chronicles proves fruitful from the perspective of a diachronic analysis. It enables a researcher to demonstrate new types of Buryats’ hierarchic ethnic-identity structure influenced by the 20th-century reality (especially among the Buryat diaspora groups in Inner Mongolia, PRC, and the Republic of Mongolia).
16
Content available remote JOZEF OBREBSKI'S IMAGINED COMMUNITIES
80%
EN
The article deals with some ideas postulated by Jozef Obrebski, making reference to the opinions of his contemporary Polish scholars on the one hand, and on the other hand to fashionable ideas well-known in sociology and anthropology among some Western scholars today. The latter have now rediscovered the perspective which some fifty years ago was already well established in Polish sociology and ethnology, where, for a number of reasons, questions of the nation and ethnicity have always occupied an important place. Some Polish sociologists have, for a long time, used research methods and concepts which are in fact specific for anthropology. Polish sociology thus offers many research methods and interpretations which in the West belong to anthropology. Obrebski deserves particular attention, by virtue of his inspiring and original combination of interest and experience as an ethnologist and sociologist. He defines the ethnic group as an imagined community, existing in the community consciousness, marked by unique relations with respect to ethnic identity. His approach to ethnicity can be linked and compared to the much later views of Fredric Barth.
EN
In this study, the author deals with factors which have contributed to civil wars and public discontents in the Republic of Congo. The basic hypotheses of the text are the following: the conflict in the Republic of Congo was causes by failed democratization process in 1991 – 1997; and the failed democratization process was influenced by a number of internal and external factors including (in)direct intervention of France, insufficient support from international community, and internal political clashes based mostly on ethnoregional platforms. While the first hypothesis arises primarily from internal political realities, including the rule of strong personality, heritage of Communism, and elimination of relevant opposition forces as well as inability to reach a true national consensus, the second deals with political cliché of many African countries which are more or less deponent on foreign economic and political support, especially from the side of former colonial powers.
18
70%
EN
The essay deals with fifty years of the Greek minority presence in the Czech Republic from the point of view of food and its generation changes as a factor of ethnic identity. The author describes the Greek cuisine historically, from the arrival of the Greek community until now, and its representation and changes in family cuisine and annual and family ceremonies. He also follows the role and importance of Greek gastronomy as an element of living traditions and ethnic self-reflexion. As to the ethnic identification, the essay offers an overview of Greek everyday and festive menus. It records the difficulties that the Greek community had in the past when looking for some victuals and that resulted in animal husbandry and vegetable growing. With the aforementioned factors, the author tries to demonstrate the rate of Greek culinary representation in the cuisine of this minority and the Greek food as a factor of identification and expression of the ethnic affiliation within the tangible culture
19
Content available remote PERCEPTION OF SOCIAL IDENTITY OF SLOVAKS IN HUNGARY AND HUNGARIANS IN SLOVAKIA
70%
EN
The paper deals with the issue of perception of social identity of Slovak minority in Hungary and Hungarian minority in Slovakia. In the first part, it presents a theoretical background for the study of social identity with a particular attention given to the study of ethnic identity as its segment. In the second part, the paper focuses on development trends and important factors determining an ethnic identity. It presents the state of the art of research into the ethno-social identity of the members of Slovak minority living in Hungary and the members of Hungarian minority living in Slovakia drawing on analysis and research findings from the studies carried out in Slovakia and Hungary. In the third part, the authoress interprets the research results from two sociological and social-psychological studies conducted among the members of Slovak minority in Hungary (2001) and among the members of Hungarian minority in Slovakia (2004).
EN
Interplay of European, National and Regional Identities: nations between states along the new eastern borders of the European Union FP7-SSH-2007: Project No. 217227 collaborative research project (2008-2011)“ is an international research project dedicated to the analysis of socio- ethnic identities in Eastern Europe, to the issues of individual or group self-identification and ethnicity. In 2009 (November and December), 801 interviews were conducted in the form of random selection with respondents of Hungarian ethnicity living in Slovakia. The majority of the population of Slovakia of Hungarian ethnicity identified themselves with the statement „I am a Hungarian living in Slovakia (68%). Two groups chose Hungarian identity (identifying themselves with the statement „I am a Hungarian“ (16%) and „I am a Slovak of Hungarian descent“ (13%). „True Hungarians“, according to the respondents, do not have to be born in Hungary, or to live there most of their lives, nor do they have to have Hungarian citizenship. What is important for them is to feel Hungarian and to speak the Hungarian language. The young generation of ethnic Hungarians in Slovakia is more open to European integration, does not see it as a cause for concern when it comes to the loss of their national identity and rather regards it as a contribution to the lives of the Slovak population at large.
first rewind previous Strona / 2 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.