The variations in leaf traits of Taxus species in different light conditions are still poorly understood. We sampled leaves of Taxus yunnanensis W. C. Chang L. K. Fu and Taxus chinensis var. mairei (Lemée and Lév.) W. C. Cheng and L. K. Fu along an illumination gradient (full daylight, 40–60% full daylight, <10% full daylight), and analyzed how seven leaf traits and their correlations changed under different light conditions. The leaf trait that showed the greatest variation was specific leaf area (SLA) for T. yunnanensis, followed by leaf dry mass (LM) for both taxa. The smallest variation was in leaf width (LW) for both taxa. Plasticities of all leaf traits in both taxa were higher than 50%, and those of leaf area (LA), LM and SLA were greater than 80%. The light gradient was positively correlated with leaf length (LL), LM, leaf dry matter content (LDMC), and leaf length to width ratio (LWR). LW and SLA were negatively correlated with the light gradient. Analyses of relationships among leaf traits showed that LM of T. yunnanensis, T. chinensis var. mairei and both taxa was positively correlated with LL, LW, LA, LDMC, and LWR, and negatively correlated with SLA under all light conditions. We concluded that leaf traits and their relationships were affected by light conditions.