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The paper focuses on changing pattern of accumulation in the leading corporate organizations. The observation refers to the increased profit-making through financial channels by these agents, especially those from non-financial sectors, as well as to their increased vulnerability to developments in financial markets. It is argued, that the identification of such a behaviour, called here the financialization, offers an inspiring perspective on a nature of contemporary economy. The analytical approach draws from institutional economics. Accordingly, the points on institutional interlocking at three layers of analysis are made: between the financialization and new institutional arrangements in the corporate domain; between a shift in corporate governance and changing social coalitions and values in the domain of state; between the changing institutional framework and economic policies. It is found out that the outcomes result in ideational systems, such as the shareholder view in corporate governance, managerial capitalism, neo-liberal policies, which seem to be adequate to the complex contemporary meaning of globalization. Due to global value chains, the finanzialization of the American and European corporations has its consequences for the developing South. The referred patterns and problems are also transferred to other peripheral economies, new member states of the EU included.
Content available remote Globalizacja korporacyjna, a konstytutywne cechy kapitalizmu
In this article the author attempts to qualify which components of free-market capitalism still correspond to the economic reality of corporate globalization. In au-thor’s opinion the activity of transnational corporations warp fundamental elements of market-led economy such as competition, price, private form of ownership and net profit as the only purpose of a corporation. The author claims, that nowadays it is necessary to think over both liberal and Keynesian tools of economic policy, particularly in time of recession.
This article argues that the development of genetic technologies has to be critically evaluated from a socio-political economy perspective to establish if, on balance, the benefits of such technologies outweigh their costs and risks. The article illustrates how the current governance of these technologies can be seen as 'undemocratic' because corporate interests dominate the directions in which the technologies are going. When aligned with the underlying socio-economic power structures globally, these technologies create a situation where the development of science and technology fail to be about the common good. The article begins with a brief overview of neo-liberal globalization. It examines key global institutional arrangements including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, international patenting laws and free trade agreements. It is argued that in their convergence with the biosciences, these are antithetical to democracy, instead entrenching the interests of corporations, rich elites and rich countries. Finally, some suggestions for reforming the global political economy are presented.
The paper presents the role of state authorities in a management company at the time of the economic crisis. It is concluded that the state intervention in the economy is very important, but it can be neither too small nor too big. The article discusses the meaning of large corporations and corporate governance, as well as presents world's economic data, models of corporate governance in the world and the role of stakeholders in management of a company. In order to strengthen economic stability, economic regulations and institutional economy should be created.
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