Although the apartheid regime in South Africa collapsed in 1990, its memory continues to live in the present. In the 1990's, the trauma of the past was the most widespread literary subject. Although South African writing has since partly moved beyond the apartheid trauma towards the current issues of crime, HIV, xenophobia and homophobia, these continue to be explored by focusing on the trauma experiences. Modern trauma theory has become one of the most important cultural hermeneutic tools with which this literature has been analysed. This paper traces the parallels between trauma theory, post-structuralism and narratology to reflect upon the similarities and differences between psychoanalytic therapy and novelistic/autobiographical narrative as a space for collective national healing.
Dostęp do pełnego tekstu na zewnętrznej witrynie WWW
This paper traces the development of British conceptualization of the European space by analyzing three anthropological or travel-writing works that represent three distinct periods in the history of the relationship between Britain and Eastern Europe: the Victorian era, the Cold War period, and the post-Cold War present. The aim of the paper is not to evaluate the anthropological validity of these works, which would be outside of the authoress's expertise. Taking Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) as its main theoretical reference, the study explores the degrees and kinds of orientalism present in the language of these works. The paper concludes by reflecting on the power embedded in the language of some EU documents, speeches and media releases concerned with the EU enlargement after the end of the Cold War.