The human capital in the social and economical development of the World in the 21st Century will play an essential, permanently growing part. Its enriching is a necessary condition for improving of competitiveness of farming, as well as for growth of the farmers' initiative. Its level is influenced by such factors, as: education, knowledge, skills, qualifications, talents, motivations and activities. In the present article introduced are the results of study concerning the quality of human capital in the elite farms. The research was conducted on the group of 41 purposefully selected farms belonging to the Zamosc Agrarian Association. The analysis of the introduced results proved, that the quality of human capital exerted a significant influence upon a competitive position of farms, thus on their possibilities of achieving a success. To its improvement contributed also younger age of farmers, their higher education level, as well as their certain psychical traits, for example: their optimism, self-sufficiency, stamina and consequence in realization of undertaken works.