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The site no 7 at Piaski (Central Poland) was excavated in mid 1970's by R. Dragan as a part of archaeological rescue investigations on the area of the 'Piaski' open pit, the Belchatów Brown Coal Mine. The most of material obtained during the excavations comes from Neolithic, Early Bronze Age and Lusatian culture. Purpose of this paper is an analysis of two concentration of Early Bronze Age pottery fragments located in distance about 25 meters of each other consisting of respectively 8 and 197 potsherds. Dispersion of potsherds and a lack of the traces of stable settlement installations confirm that small and short occupation settlement of the Mierzanowice culture have existed here. A shape of vessels reconstructed on the base of fragments found during the excavations, ornamentation (horizontal impression of and double cord) and medium grain temper suggests are typical for early phases of Mierzanowice culture. The site at Piaski is one of above 200 sites of the Mierzanowice culture known from the area of central Poland.
The article summarises the previous research on the Epicorded Carpathian Cultural Complex (ECCC) in Moravia and Silesia, particularly with respect to the currently used terminology and internal periodisation. Apart from typo-chronology also some methods of multidimensional statistics of several hundred grave complexes were used, whose results are mutually compared and correlated with a small series of absolute dates. Despite some inaccuracies or discrepancies, the earlier published postulates about the internal development of material culture of the ECCC were proved correct. The only representative of this development in East Moravia and in the southern part of Upper Silesia is the Nitra/Mierzanowice Culture (the formerly used Chłopice-Veselé Group/Culture represents 2 chronologically different stages). The culture is newly divided into 5 phases: Proto-Nitra Culture, Early Nitra Culture, Old, Classical and Post-classical Nitra Culture with clear characteristics of all phases, selected examples of typical representatives and distinction of 6 burial horizons in the cemetery of Holešov. Due to similarity of material, the Epicorded finds north of the Moravian Gate and in Silesia are suggested to be classified as Mierzanowice Culture, and the finds south of the Moravian Gate and in SW Slovakia should be classified as Nitra Culture.
In the area of loess uplands in Krakow region, particularly in the light of recent discoveries preceding big road investments, the size and organization of settlements of the Mierzanowice culture seem to be much diversified. The analysis of Mierzanowice culture settlements examined on a large scale shows a great diversity of forms in settlement organization lacking one specific spatial layout pattern. Those differences are not dependent on chronology. The sizes of settlements are diversified – from single farmsteads to organized multi-farmstead structures. Farmsteads can be represented not only by one cellar/pit but also by a few or dozen of objects.
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