The aim of the study was to consider the qualifications necessary for the procedure, the surgical treatment, and the long-term results.Material and methods. During the period between 1990 and 2005, twenty-five patients with benign esophageal tumors underwent treatment. Clinical symptoms, the size and localization of the tumor, and histological type were considered in cases of patients qualified for surgical intervention. Not all patients with esophageal leiomyomas were subjected to preoperative verification. Intraoperative endoscopic examinations identified the pathology, especially in cases of small lesions.Results. Patients diagnosed with esophageal leiomyomas were subjected to tumor enucleation. In cases of Abrikosow's tumor (three patients), the tumor was removed with the esophageal wall. Four patients underwent endoscopic resection. Esophageal fistulas during the perioperative period were not observed. Mortality was not observed during patient hospitalization. None of the cases presented recurrence or malignant transformation.Conclusions. Surgical treatment is the method of choice for treating benign esophageal tumors. During the postoperative period, neither disease recurrence nor malignant transformation was observed.