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The paper is an attempt to carry out a critical reconstruction of the notion of lifestyles. On the one hand, it is a historical review of the views of various authors tackling this issue, and on the other, it is a starting point for the development of the authors’ own concept of lifestyle. Starting from an interdisciplinary research perspective combining the postulates of radical empiricism, theory of social systems and cognitive constructivism, and taking into account the still vague scope of the notion of lifestyle rooted in classic demography or reverse theories of society, we would like to present an alternative concept of this phenomenon, so relevant today.
The body as an object of study has only recently come to the attention of sociologists. For a long time, it was not perceived as a legitimate object of study in the humanities and social sciences. According to B. Turner, who can be regarded as one of the pioneers of research on body in sociology, this was due to the traditional understanding of the dualism of mind and body. In this understanding, the human subject was characterized by thinking, as evidenced by the classical motto of Cartesian philosophy "Cogito ergo sum". The meaning of human existence was thus exempt from the body and the corporeal. For this reason, the human body has traditionally been an object of interest for the natural sciences, and the thinking/ mind has been studied by the social sciences and humanities. This classical division placed the nature-body-environment triad on one side, against which stood the society-mind-culture triad to which sociology has traditionally subscribed.
The article deals with the sociological, demographical and demogeographical aspects of the singles phenomenon in Europe and in Slovakia. Since issues such as the increasing number of singles, cohabitations, and individualism are being reflected in everyday popular culture, clichés arise depicting the singles as people who are high earning egoists having uninhibited sexual life. The main aim of the article is to overview the existing definitions of such phenomena since in Slovakia they are not yet conceptually, empirically and critically elaborated. Another aim of the article is to depict general situation in the European countries paying special attention to the Slovak-specific features. The singles represent and will represent serious structural element of the future demographical change. That is why they enter population forecasting and should be concerned in the population policy decisions and family planning.
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