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This article reports on a replication study of “Childless by choice? Attributions and attitudes concerning family size”, research published in Social Behavior and Personality and carried out by Valerie LaMastro in 2001. In the study presented in this paper the author examined the personality characteristics ascribed by naive perceivers to people with families of varying sizes. Students (N = 284) read one of twenty-four paragraphs describing a heterosexual couple who varied in the number of children they had (no children, one child, two children, six children) and in male and female employment status. Targets were rated on 28 personality characteristics and seven relationship quality statements concerning the level of family happiness. The results obtained indicated that a childless pair was viewed as less happy than those with children. Parents of any size family were, however, perceived similarly.
Content available remote Hydatidiform mole mimicking an enlarged uterine fibromyoma four months after ART
Hydatidiform mole is a pregnancy disorder, of a benign nature. We present a case of molar tissue within a uterine myoma, the first such entity reported in the literature. In May 2006, a thirty-eight year old infertility patient was admitted for myomectomy. She had anamnesis for chronic pelvic inflammatory disease and surgeries performed for tubal pregnancies. After the sixth intracytoplasmal spermatozoa injection procedure performed in January 2006, she conceived, but curettage was performed in March 2006 for a missed abortion. Following the routine preoperative evaluation in May 2006, four months after the last artificial reproductive technology procedure, myomectomy was performed as uneventful operation, but the histological report appeared unusual, showing degenerated chorionic villi within the uterine myoma. Molar tissue within uterine myoma might evolve even after artificial reproductive procedures. Furthermore, this finding might be misinterpreted as a fibromyoma degeneration. This is the first, and a unique case, of molar tissue within uterine myoma reported in the literature.
Purpose: This descriptive study was conducted to identify the factors causing stress in women undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Materials and methods: The study sample consisted of 151 women who were receiving IVF therapy in the assisted reproductive techniques units of three state hospitals in Istanbul. The study data were collected using a Questionnaire and a Distress/Problem Identification form both developed by the investigators. Results: A considerable percentage of the women whose income was less than their expenses stated that they feared their infertility treatment would be a failure. The majority of the women who gave the answer “the cause is not known” or “me” when they are asked “who is responsible for not being able to have a child” stated that they were annoyed when people asked questions about having children and felt strained and uneasy on the days of coming to the center. Conclusions: We suggest that trainings should be planned for health teams and health teams should establish support groups and organize meetings for couples
W artykule przedstawiono podstawowe założenia teoretyczne i metodologiczne na temat zastosowania biblioterapii (z użyciem tekstów biblijnych oraz literatury współczesnej) w psychoterapii indywidualnej i grupowej kobiet dotkniętych problemem niepłodności. Biblioterapia jako środek wspierający proces psychoterapeutyczny nie tylko pozwoli niepłodnym uzyskać wgląd w przeżywaną aktualnie trudną sytuację życiową, ale także odreagować tłumione i nieuświadomione emocje, a w końcu nadać własnej niepłodności jednostkowy sens pozbawiony powierzchownych schematów i zewnętrznych wpływów.
This article presents basic theoretical and methodological assumptions on the use of bibliotherapy (with the use of biblical texts and modern literature) in individual therapy and support groups of women struggling with infertility. Bibliotherapy as an agent that supports the therapeutic process, not only allows infertile to gain insight into the current life situation, but also to relieve suppressed and unconscious emotions and, finally, to give the patient’s own infertility a unitary meaning, devoid of superficial schemes and external influences.
Sexual impairment and decreased fertility constitute a part of a complex dysfunction typical for men with spinal injury with neurological consequences (SINC). Despite the progress in medical sciences and quality of care provided for disabled persons, the problem is often neglected by medical professionals and caregivers.Aim of the study: Presentation of patophysiological background and specificity of sexual dysfunction typical for men following SINC. Review of contemporary treatment modalities designed for erectile dysfunction and infertility in men after SINC.Method: Literature review, authors’ clinical experience.Results and conclusions: Specific neurological deficit with overlapping adaptation problems and depression account for erectile dysfunction in men after SINC. There is a wide range of efficient therapies addressed to patients suffering from erectile disturbances resulting from SINC. Selection of a proper therapy depends on location (level) of the lesion of a neural structure, type of deficit, functional status, presence of symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia, concomitant diseases and patient’s individual preferences. Patient’s awareness of the disability and positive attitude towards acceptance of alternative forms of sexual expressions are crucial for the therapeutic success. Ejaculation dysfunction and infertility are common among men after SINC. Application of contemporary methods of assisted reproduction may be efficient in about half of male population with SINC.
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