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EN
The essay refers to the relationship between methodology of history and academic and school history didactics as a result of the reflection which Wojciech Wrzosek undertakes in his book entitled: About Historical Thinking. Wojciech Wrzosek’s reflection dedicated to the term ‘historical thinking’ is related to the meaning of this category as useful and instructive in the field of the history didactics. The changes in the contemporary historiography offer a new vision of the past and new manners of understanding the past, are also able to develop the need for a systematic reflection in the field of history didactics. Historiography understood as crossing the traditional scientific frameworks of history is also the way to re-define historical thinking as the key category of the history didactics. The main topic of this essay is to offer the cultural perspective of interpretation of history in education. It is also an attempt to reconstruct the model of historical thinking in contemporary history textbooks narrations.
EN
This article focuses on the person of Roman Lutman, known primarily as the director of the Institute of Silesia. The Author attempts to present the person in a different light—as the methodologist of history. The starting point are the two Lutman’s articles from 1925, in which he reveals his own controversial thoughts. A necessary complement is the summary of the situation of theoretical reflection on the science of history in Poland and in Germany in the first third of the twentieth century. Presentation of the German methodology approach is more complex and focuses on the researchers, whose views have had the greatest impact on Lutman. In addition to the overriding objective of this text, which is to reveal an interesting aspect of Roman Lutman’s work, Author poses the question of the originality of its conception and considers its later life.
EN
In this article the author focuses on two areas: first - the genre typology of texts that belong to the sphere of the so-called personal document, their specific character as a historical source for Holocaust studies; second - the methodological challenge this type of sources posits for the historiography (not only) of the Holocaust. He raises the following questions: what is the value of personal documents for Holocaust historians, being a formally diverse record of experiences; how are they used in their research; how do they read those personal narratives? A more general context for these considerations is the debate on the conditions for Holocaust historiography going on among contemporary theoreticians of history. One form of this debate could be described as a conflict between 'historical discourse' and 'memory discourse'.
PL
The article contains a short presentation of the treatise entitled How to write history. The hand which wrote it was Lucian of Samosata’s, a Greek rhetor and sophist (2nd cent.). It is the sole treatise concerning methodology of history that the antiquity left us. Knowledge of the text is also transparent in the writings of authors who created on the territory of the Polish “Republic of the Gentry” in the 16th and 17th cent., and who were keen on historiographic reflection, such as  Stanisław Iłowski, Jan Firlej of Dąbrowica, Bartłomiej Keckermann and Szymon Starowolski.  
EN
The problem of the concept of 'event' in Braudel's oeuvre is more complex than it seems to be. The author tries to analyse this question on three different levels. In the first part of the article he shows that in the schema of 'traditional history', reconstructed by Braudel, historical event loses all its characteristic features. It becomes uniform, abstract, and functions there as a negative element of history. The second part is devoted to the position and meaning of event within a theoretical model of history which is usually called 'the global history'. Against the traditional approaches to this question the author of the article claims that there is not a pure or strong opposition between structure and event. The latter starts to be structural and that's why it becomes more concrete and specific. Moreover, event allows to reveal long-term historic process and structures. Finally, in the third part of his article, the author presents the history arisen from Braudel's historical analysis as a kind of evolutionary system. Owing to this fact he can coin a concept of 'historic mutation', a special form of transformation, which could characterize the role of event in the historic development.
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