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EN
Ethics has been one of the main fields of Zygmunt Bauman's in­terests for the last two decades. His papers considering this topic have a considerable impact on contemporary humanities. The idea of 'the moral party of two', developed by the Polish sociologist, contributed to the development of ethical thought and, for example, influenced the new trends in the debate on post-modernity. On the othe hand, this concept has been widely criticized, which is one of the issues discussed in this paper. The author demonstrates that if Bauman's ethical concepts are considered in the context of the foundations of his sociology, and account being taken of the way of writing distinctive for this sociologist, certain controversial aspects of post­modern ethics could be evaluated as functional. Another aim of this paper is to present the evolution of Bauman's ethical thought, which can be seen as twofold. On the one hand, it is the considerable enlargement of the part the individual responsibility is given in Bauman's thought, on the other - his including in the ethical thought the reflection on the role of the political structures in the settings of the collective rules. The author emphasizes that by making such changes Bauman does not deny the constitutive features of his idea of morality, but supplements it and tries to adjust it to the current socio­cultural changes.
EN
Studies were carried out on one of the largest European red foxVulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) farms in Śniaty and Batorówka (Poland). A test created by Nowicki and Przysiecki (NP) was used to describe behaviour of the animals. The results of the NP behaviour test showed 4 types of behaviour in foxes: aggressive, curious, indifferent and apprehensive. While analyzing a fragment of exon 1 in the androgen receptor gene in 184 individuals, four alleles were found, ie 10, 10T, 12 and 13. The most frequent allele was allele 10, both in males and females (65.85 and 57.39%, respectively). The next in order of frequency were allele 10T (24.39 and 31.25%), 13 (7.32 and 9.09%) and 12 (2.44 and 2.27%, respectively). On the basis of further analysis an association was shown between behaviour of the red fox and its genotype. In aggressive females allele 10 was found significantly more frequently (76%) than in curious females (57%). While analyzing the genotypes of aggressive females it was shown that there were 15 individuals with genotype 10/10 (15.56%), 11 heterozygotes (9.87%) and only 1 individual with genotype 10T/10T (1.56%). In curious females the distribution of these genotypes was 15 (13.71%), 18 (20.57%) and 9 (7.71%), respectively. Although the result of Pearson Χ2 analysis was not significant (Χ2,p=0.0793), the Armitage’s chi-squared test for trend showed a significant difference Χ2,p=0.0305). This results may suggest that the androgen receptor gene may be suitable in studies on psychological traits.
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