Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 7

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  pancreatoduodenectomy
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
EN
Laparoscopic surgery is becoming an approved technique in pancreatic surgery. It offers some advantages over an open approach due to shorter hospital stay and decreased complication rate. Regardless the technique the most significant problem of pancreatic surgery is postoperative pancreatic fistula. There are numerous methods attempted at reduction of its incidence. One of the possibilities is preoperative pancreatic duct stenting. It aims at decreasing the pressure in the pancreatic duct, which is supposed to facilitate pancreatic juice flow to the duodenum. The aim of the study was to determine the role of preoperative pancreatic duct stenting in pancreatic surgery. Material and methods. Nineteen patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreatic resection were enrolled into the study. Prior to the surgery, all of the patients were submitted for the Endoscopic Retrograde Choleangiopancreatography (ERCP) with pancreatic duct stenting. Following the subsequent laparoscopic pancreatic resection, all patients were monitored to detect the pancreatic fistula appearance. The pancreatic stent was removed 6‑8 weeks after the surgery. Results. With an exception of two patients, all other patients underwent successful ERCP with pancreatic duct stenting before the surgery. In one case the placement of the prosthesis failed due to a tortuous pancreatic duct. Five patients had an episode of acute pancreatitis including two severe courses as a complication of preoperative ERCP. One of the patient died due to severe GI bleeding 2 weeks after stenting. Among the procedures there were 15 distal pancreatectomies, two enucleations of the tumor localized in the uncinate process and in the body of the pancreas and one central pancreatectomy. The median time of surgery duration was 186 minutes (90‑300; ±56). No conversions to an open approach were necessary. Likewise, there was neither any major complications reported in a postoperative course nor incidence of pancreatic fistula in any of the patients undergoing surgery. Conclusions. Preoperative pancreatic duct stenting can decrease the incidence of pancreatic fistula. However, a number of serious complications exceed the potential benefit of this method.
2
Content available Surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer
100%
EN
The only way to cure the patient with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (RT) is surgical excision of the tumor. The standard surgical treatment of resectable pancreatic carcinoma is considered the classic pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with the Kausch-Whipple procedure, or the pylorus-preserving PD with the Traverso-Longmire method. The most difficult technically and at the same time the most important PD stage from an oncological point of view is the separation of the head of the pancreas from the superior mesenteric artery. Over the last decades several PD modifications have been developed, focusing on this maneuver in the early phase of the operation, i.e. before the pancreas is cut (an irreversible stage of the procedure). These procedures in the English literature are called “artery-first approach” or “SMA-first approach”. The term “mesopancreas” was created. Complete removal of the mesopancreas together with the proximal part of the jejunum is considered an R0 resection in the case of a tumor of the head of the pancreas with direct or indirect vascular invasion, or metastases to regional lymph nodes, and in English literature it is referred to as pancreatoduodenectomy with systematic mesopancreas dissection (SMDPD). Distal resection of the pancreas (DRT) due to cancer, is associated with a high percentage of positive margins, insufficient number of removed lymph nodes, low survival rates. A new technique was developed - a radical proximal-distal modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS). In RAMPS, surgical operations proceed from the side of the pancreas head towards the tail, the pancreas is cut early, and the splenectomy is performed at the final stages of the procedure. Currently, following the PD model, attempts are made to further modify the original RAMPS technique, especially in the direction of SMA-first approach. In patients with borderline resectable pancreatic tumors or locally advanced tumors, after neoadjuvant treatment, a technique of radical resection with preservance of arterial vessels - “the TRIANGLE operation” has been elaborated. Despite the tremendous progress of surgical techniques, RT is still detected too late in the phase preventing effective resection.
3
Content available Neuroma (schwannoma). A rare pancreatic tumor
100%
EN
Introduction: Neuroma (Schwannoma in Latin) is an encapsulated, mesenchymal tumor arising from Schwann cells surrounded by nerves. Hence it can be located in any area in the body with passing peripheral nerves. The most common location is the head, neck, and extremities. The tumor arising from Schwannoma cells was first described by Stout and Carson in 1935. Pancreatic schwannomas are extremely rare tumors. Until 2017, in English literature 68 cases have been described. Surgical treatment is the most common way of treating pancreatic schwannomas, and postoperative prognoses are good. Case report: A 63-year-old patient was admitted to the Clinical Department of Gastroenterological Surgery and Transplantation of the Central Clinical Hospital at the Ministry of Interior and Administration in Warsaw due to pancreatic head cancer. Needle biopsy–both ultrasound-guided and CT-guided as well as open biopsy for lesions in the pancreas did not show tumor cells in any of the collected samples. Abdominal CT in a projection of the uncinate process of the pancreas revealed an oval lesion highly suspected of neoplastic process. Next, diagnostics was extended by abdominal MRI which revealed a retroperitoneal tumorous thick-walled cystic mass filled with fluid. The patient was qualified for surgical treatment. Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple Procedure) was done on August 22, 2017. Material sent for histopathological examination revealed Schwannoma capitis pancreatis. In surgical practice, pancreatic schwannoma occurs extremely rare, but in centers which conduct large numbers of surgical procedures in the pancreas, a case like this may occur.
4
Content available remote Pancreatogastrostomy After Pancreatoduodenectomy
100%
EN
Pancreatoduodenectomy has almost a hundred years of history. After resection, the pancreatic stump requires an anastomosis with the digestive tract. There is ongoing discussion about the optimal standard of digestive tract reconstruction. Two major groups of pancreatic anastomosis are used: pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy, but after some randomized and several other documented series there is no agreement on the superiority one over another method.The important feature related to pancreatic anastomosis' complication rate is the number of procedures performed each year in a facility.This manuscript summarizes the experience of the Gdansk Surgical Department with pancreatogastrostomy.
5
Content available remote Quality of Life of Patients Following Pylorus-Sparing Pancreatoduodenectomy
100%
EN
Quality of life after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for cancer of the head of the pancreas depends on multiple factors. Handling of the pancreatic remnant is a decisive factor for the success of the operation. The aim of the study is to assess quality of life of patients with cancer of the head of the pancreas undergoing pylorus-sparing PD and reconstruction with pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) versus pancreaticogastrostomy (PG).Material and methods. An analysis was performed for 115 patients with malignancy of the head of the pancreas who underwent surgical treatment in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery Medical Academy of Silesia between 2004 and 2006. Quality of life was assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PAN26 forms. These questionnaires were mailed to 34 patients at least 6 months after PD. The 20 patients who returned correctly completed questionnaires were divided into two groups. Group I included 14 patients after PD with (Traverso or Imanaga) PJ. Group II included six patients after PD with Flautner PG.Results. The study groups were homogeneous with respect to age, gender, preoperative and intraoperative factors, and complications. Better quality of life was observed in group I with respect to the cognitive functions, general fatigue, and insomnia scales., Group II exhibited better quality of life with respect to the physical functioning, social functioning, life activity, general health, dyspeptic symptoms, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory disturbances, lack of satisfaction with own appearance, taste changes, liver symptoms, decreased muscle strength, indigestion, dry mouth and treatment of emergent side-effects scales.Conclusions. Patients in the study group following PD and Flautner PG exhibit markedly better quality of life.
EN
The introduction of markers which help in the identification of patients prone to suffer from postoperative complications enables to recognize them more easily and thus, treat them more effectively.The aim of the study was to evaluate complete blood count indicators, as well as preoperative results obtained on the basis of the POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems, considering the prediction of complications after surgical resections in the pancreato-duodenal area.Material and methods. A prospective 30-day non-interventional clinical study was conducted on a group of 65 patients who underwent scheduled surgery, due to pancreatic head cancer or chronic pancreatitis. Total pancreatoduodenectomy was performed in 24.1% of patients, while the remaining were subject to hemi-pancreatoduodenectomy. The authors evaluated the preoperative complete blood count parameters, as well as the risk of complications and mortality using the audit POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems.Results. Postoperative complications were observed in 32.4% of patients. The white blood cell count and platelet count in the preoperative period were statistically lower in the group of patients with postoperative complications, in comparison to patients without diagnosed complications. Higher severity scores obtained by means of the P-POSSUM scoring system, as well as higher mortality during the perioperative period can be ascribed to patients who suffered postoperative complications. However, no correlation was found between the occurrence of complications and gender, age, type of resection, preoperative hemoglobin level, absolute lymphocyte count, or numerical value representing the patient's general condition (POSSUM) and predicted postoperative morbidity.Conclusions. The absolute white blood cell count and total platelet count during the preoperative period may be considered as an indicator of the higher risk of complications during pancreato-duodenal area resections. The usefulness of the POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems is limited. However, the surgical severity index and calculated mortality coefficient risk can facilitate the identification of patients threatened with postoperative complications.
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.