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Since Esping-Andersen's contribution (in Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism) there is a broad literature about welfare (state) models or regimes. The author tried to show a so-called modeling business achievements but with some deeper theoretical and empirical insights. The first concerns three functions of welfare state models: descriptive, explanative and evaluative, and each with two separate variants. The study is rooted in literature and illustrated with new exemplification. In the second one he analyzed the dynamics of models on the basis of fuzzy set methodology and its results. They allow to verify main hypotheses about changes of the welfare state i.e. frozen landscape, retrenchment, workfare or productive transformations, with a certain precision. The aim of the last part of the article is to analyze recent European Union social policy initiatives as viewed through the lenses ot he welfare models.
This article investigates trends in an unemployment compensation in eight countries, which joined the EU in 2004 in the period 1989-2004. By focusing on eligibility criteria, generosity and duration of benefits on the one hand and obligations of unemployed on the other, the paper identifies different policy mixes. Based on the ideal-type fuzzy set approach, the article finds a great variety of unemployment compensation models. There is no consolidation of this policy across the region, therefore it is hard to cluster the countries. The most stable cases were the ones which already provided the compensation before the transition started. Changes in the ideal types of the unemployment compensation were rather incremental than revolutionary. The direction of these changes can be observed by identifying new dominating combinations of policies conversing the existing institutional solutions.
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