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EN
The Mariavite Church is a religious movement which split some 100 years ago from the Catholic Church in Poland. The common fate (the persecution and pogroms of the Mariavites at the hands of Roman Catholics) as well as the Mariavites' tolerance of the other had a marked influence on the development of good relations with the Jews already in the early years of the 20th century and even more so during the inter-war period. During the war there were several prominent members of the Mariavite Church who became involved in saving Jews, both as members of Zegota and on an individual basis. To name but a few: Sister Makryna (Natalia Siuta), Bishop M. Franciszek Rostworowski, Rev. M. Szczepan Zasadzinski, the Mariavite nuns from Felicjanów, and others. It seems that the Jews sought Mariavites' help assuming that the latter would be more inclined to help than the rest of the local population.
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Content available remote CÍRKEVNÍ A POLITICKÉ SOUVISLOSTI ŽIVOTA JOSEFA HLOUCHA
88%
Studia theologica
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2013
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tom 15
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nr 3
168–183
EN
This study deals with the life story of Bishop Joseph Hlouch in the context of the dramatic political, social and religious changes of the 20th century – during the interwar Czechoslovak Republic, in the post-war period and during the existence of the Communist regime from its takeover in 1948 to the period of “normalization” after the Warsaw Pact invasion.
3
Content available remote ThDr. Pavel Škrabal OP – autor díla, které nemohlo být završeno
88%
EN
The article gives an overview of the career of Czech biblist Vladimir Pavel Skrabal OP. We can summarize his life in the following dates: on 1 Nov 1904: born in Babice u Uherskeho Hradiste; on 26 Sept 1923: takes the first vows; on 9 Jul 1928: ordination (Rome); on 15 Jul 1928: his first mass (Babice); on 22 Jun 1929: licentiate (Angelicum, Rome); on 31 May 1930: doctorate (Angelicum, his doctoral thesis: De connexione inter resurrectionem Christi et nostram); from 1930: takes part in education of Dominican clerks in Olomouc; from 1931: occasional correspondent of theological review 'Na hlubinu'; in 1935: sent to Ecole Biblique et Archeologique Française de Jerusalem; during the Second World War: after the closure of Czech universities worked as substitute professor for diocesan seminarists; in 1948: publishes a translation of the New Testament into Czech (imprimatur was awarded on 21 May 1948); on 13 Apr 1950: interned; 5 Sept 1950-28 Feb 1951: clothes-presser in Kraliky; 1 Mar-27 Jul 1951: clothes-presser in Osek; 28 Jul 1951-27 Aug 1952: warehouseman in the glass factory Union in Duchcov; 28 Aug 1952-15 Dec 1955: worker in the forest and field in the state farm in Zeliv; after his release from internment: worked briefly as warehouseman in Frydek, then as maintenance man in the House for abandoned children in Mistek; May-July 1959: worked in hospital; after 1959: in Restaurants and Eating rooms in Ostrava; in the beginning of 1962: his health got extremely worse; in 1963: operation at the beginning of the year, needs permanent treatment, prosecution of State Security - StB (suspected of obstruction of state control of the Churches); on 16 Feb 1964: dies in Mistek; on 20 Feb 1964: buried in Olomouc.
Bohemistyka
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2016
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tom 16
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nr 1
51 - 64
EN
The process of collectivization and modernization of the Czech and Slovak village, which took place at the turn of the 40th and 50th years of the twentieth century, in official propaganda was presented as a success story. He had to ensure the welfare of the Czechoslovak farmers to teach them modern farming, and also to realize them politically. Propaganda films from this period presents satisfied farmers who voluntarily and with a smile sticking with agricultural cooperatives. However the reality was significantly different from the picture presented to the public. This reality – of persecution, displacements, and very skeptical approach of rural residents to the communist ideologues perpetuated three literary texts, which are the basis of my reflection – these are novel of Ivan Klima Godzina ciszy, Ludvík Vaculík Sekyra and Jiří Hájíček Selský baroko. The date of their establishment is divided over 50 years and this by itself is of great importance – they stand on two poles in terms of distance in time to the events described in them. The aim of the article is therefore an attempt to confront the two images and determine whether over time the vision of those events subject to some transformations and corrections.
EN
The present paper inquires into Maimonides' attitude to Islam. His halakhic stance towards Islam has been moulded in the period of large-scale religious persecutions in Maghreb and Yemen whose repercussions has found the way to his writings dealing with Islam. Both persecutions affected not only local Jewish communities but also Maimonides personally when he had to convert to Islam. The paper analyses his refutation of the main arguments of Muslim polemics with Judaism: Biblical testimonies to Muhammad; falsification of the Scripture; the abrogation of the Mosaic Law. In his polemical discourse with Islam Maimonides has not introduced much new and in fact reiterates polemical arguments of the older Jewish authorities.
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EN
The aim of this study is to map the evolution of Slovak films dealing with the subject of the Holocaust and the persecution of the Jewish minority in the twentieth century. Although it zooms in on a wide range of relevant narrative (and, marginally, also documentary) films, its main focus is on the analysis of narrative films by Slovak film makers whose central theme is the Holocaust − Námestie svätej Alžbety (The Square of Saint Elizabeth, 1965), Obchod na korze (The Shop on Main Street, 1965), Nedodržaný sľub (Broken Promise, 2009), and Správa (The Auschwitz Report, 2020). It tries to find the sources of inspiration for these films, examines the diversions of their final adaptation from their literary bases, and ponders their place in Slovak and global cinema. It also addresses the reasons why films with this subject were absent in certain periods of post-war Slovak history.
EN
The paper deals with Roma persecution in the period of the Slovak state in 1938–1945. It primarily comes from archival documents present in regional, county and police office funds in State archive in Nitra. We can mainly find there nationwide orders of the Ministry of the Interior and some regional documents as well. The introductory part of the paper is devoted to general issues of the Roma holocaust in Slovakia and its current research. The second part brings information of the selection of Roma people and so-called asocial people to labour camps. The third part is devoted to camps and forced labour in the Slovak state.
EN
The Roman Empire found itself in a long-lasting socio-political and economic crisis in the middle of the 3rd century. In 249, on the military acclamation, Decius succeeded to the Imperial throne, who tried to stabilize conditions by means of a handful of reforms in the socio-political, economic, and primarily in the religious area. He tried to renew the authority of the Emperor based on the Roman traditions and paganism. In 249 or 250 he issued an edict on the sacrifice in order to force all inhabitants of the Empire to revere the cult of the Emperor and traditional Roman deities, seeking thus a reintroduction of the prosperity of the Roman Empire. Ancient sources mention several motives leading the Emperor into prosecution processes such as hatred for his predecessor, public opinion and disrespect for the Imperial order on sacrifice. Christians refused to make a pagan sacrifice, so they were seen as state enemies. The issue of the edict was subsequently followed by the persecution of Christians throughout the Roman Empire, and which, for the first time in the Christian history, was of a general Imperial character.
EN
The author focuses on discriminatory measures against Gypsies/Roma during the Slovak Republic of 1939–1945. She uses mainly the archive collection of the State Archives in Nitra, usable for studying the issue at several levels of public administration (county, district, and local). The content structure of the scientific study follows the IMRAD model and is divided into the introduction, theoretical background, presentation of the most significant research findings and their interpretation in the form of discussion. The main objective of the study is to present a reflective „pause“ over the history of Gypsies/Roma, and their life under the totalitarian regime of 1939–1945 in Slovakia.
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