One of the greatest problems of modern production techniques is the achievement of an appropriate quality at minimal costs and accompanied by the production efficiency increase. Therefore, while designing the production process, the technology used should have a considerable influence on the durability and reliability of machine parts to be produced. During finish treatment, the final dimensions as well as functional properties are imparted to a given element by application of proper treatment type. The engineer has a range of production techniques to choose for the proper surface layer formation. It is crucial to find a suitable solution which will meet the requirements as well as the work conditions of a given machine part. The article presents the results of influence of cutting parameters change on temperature and cutting forces during turning process of stainless steel. A shaft made of 304L stainless steel was used for the research. The cutting process was carried out on a universal CDS 6250 BX-1000 centre lathe. Measurement of cutting forces during lathing process used DKM 2010 turning dynamometer. The turning process was conducted by a cutting tool with CCET09T302R-MF insert by DIJET. During the turning, the following machining parameters were used: cutting speed Vc = 152, 219, 304 m/min, feed f = 0.044, 0.062, 0.083 mm/rev and cutting depth ap = 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 mm. The view of the nose radius of cutting tool before and after the turning process was made by the Smartzoom 5 microscope.