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Content available Dynamika wzrostu wybranych traw w rejonie gorskim
The investigations were conducted in 1994-1995 in the mountain area situated 650 m a.s.l. Dynamic of growth and development of two grasses Arrhenatherum elatius and Dactylis glomerata was compared with the indigenous wild growing Holcus mollis. Every year the experiments lasted for 8 weeks, which included the period of growth from the beginning of grass vegetation till their cutting maturity. The date of the vegetation start was determined in the studies and the height of plants was assessed every two weeks, and dry mass yields and daily increase of those yields were determined. Arrhenatherum elatius was the species, which started its vegetation at the earliest date and was characterised with the greatest growth dynamic while Holcus mollis was placed the last. The biggest growths of dry mass were detected at the shooting stage. It was on an average twice bigger than in the tillering and earing stages and even between 3 and 5 times bigger than in the period after earing. At the shooting stage daily increase in Arrhenatherum elatius yields were on an average twice bigger than for Dactylis glomerata and Holcus mollis.
Przegląd sposobów podejścia do określania chłonności turystycznej w skali planowania miejscowego i regionalnego oraz metoda określenia tej chłonności w województwie krośnieńskim.
In order to determine tourist absorption capacity of the mountain ranges of the Krosno province, the author first surveyed basic methodological approaches and, subsequently, employed the method of successive approximations (steps) within which she employed various partial methods.The first step was to analyse the methods and the ratios of determining tourist absorption capacity on the different scales of physical planning. The following approaches were discussed: - norm/ratio approach, - intuitive, - phytosociological, - determining marginal quantity/time natural thresholds, - experimental, - determining the limit of acceptable changes, - determining the ratios of traffic capacity for motorised tourism in relation to the preservation of the environment and the safety of tourists. The second step was to delimit the area of research and to designate spatial structural units such as: - national parks, - landscape parks, - the zones of intensive tourist exploitation of Lake Myczkowski and Lake Soliński, - mountain ranges that are not subject to legal protection, - and to divide them into the zones of different tourist exploitation. Accordingly, the following were designated: - the zone of the concentration of accommodation, - a tourist zone divided into: the areas of concentrated tourist traffic, the areas of a freer penetration, - the zone of an extensive exploitation. The next step was to select the ratios of capacity, absorption capacity and flow capacity for the areas of the Krosno province, as based on the following criteria: - the regional scale of calculations - the extent of the legal protection of the area, - the sorts of tourist activities, - the tourist season. The accepted ratios have become the basis for the evaluation of absorption capacity within spatial structural units as well as the zones of tourist exploitation delimited within those units. On the regional scale, the results, thus obtained, should be treated as data constituting the primary source material for taking measures to either stimulate the development of tourism or to restrict it on certain areas. If need be, these data ought to be verified and, on the scale of local planning, they should be much more detailed. Therefore, apart from the so-called basic ratios that were used for the calculations, the author also presented complementary ratios, which are employed in case of more detailed scales.
Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie skituringu jako nowej w Polsce (a właściwie znanej od wielu lat) dyscypliny turystyki narciarskiej w kontekście możliwości utworzenia na jej bazie produktu turystycznego, promującego polskie góry. Dyscyplina ta napotyka na szereg trudności, które stawiają w wątpliwość taką możliwość. Problemy te nie są aż tak widoczne w krajach Europy Zachodniej, w artykule podjęto próbę przeprowadzenia analizy przyczyn takiej różnicy.
The paper presents skitouring as a new (but known for many years) discipline of ski tourism in a context of possibility to create a tour operator’s product which would be used for purposes of promotion of Polish mountains. This attractive discipline meets many difficulties causing questioning the possibility of making it real. The problems are less noticeable in other European mountain areas, the papers goal is to discuss and analyze that difference.
Content available Renaturalizacja górnoreglowych polan gorczańskich
Glades are an important element in the landscape of the Gorce Mts. (southern Poland). The cessation of use of the glades triggered the spontaneous process of landscape development − renaturalization, leading to their gradual overgrowing. The paper presents the results of research on the renaturalization of 46 glades situated in the upper montane belt in the Gorce Mts.
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