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Stress of participles in Ukrainian literary heritage of XVI - XVIII centuries, which are compared with stresses in contemporary modern literary language are investigated in the article. The cases of divergence in stresses of participles are analyzed in details investigating evidences of the ancient Ukrainian literary heritage, dialectological works and Ukrainian dictionaries.
The author analyses an idea and term of dangling (absolute) participle construction, which means in Slovak grammatical tradition connection of participle with its adjuncts. He finds out that the term dangling participle construction is used to name different syntactic phenomenon: in addition to the real dangling participle constructions, that acquire parenthetic character in the sentence. This term is used also in connection with original participle forms, that came after transposition under secondary prepositions and adverbs or (seldom) under particles. But the real dangling participle constructions are only those, whose essential word has preserved validity of verbal form.
In connection to the first part of author's essay on dangling participle construction that was published in Slovenska rec, 2007, vol. 72, No. 4, pp. 193 - 203, second part is focused on the following four themes: 1. participle and participle construction, 2. non-normative participle constructions, 3. dangling or absolute participle constructions, 4. former forms of participle in validity of other word classes. The main effort is aimed at the analysis of actual dangling and absolute participle constructions within the frame of foundational sentence obtaining status of parenthesis or parenthetic construction.
The adjective derived from the present active participle of imperfective verbs (called 'prechodnik' in Czech; e.g. the adjective 'delajici' derived from the imperfective participle 'delajic') is very common in present-day written Czech. On the contrary, the adjective derived from the present active participle of perfective verbs (e.g. 'udelajici' derived from 'udelajic') is extremely rare in written texts and perhaps non-existent for the native speaker of the Czech language. That is why all grammars of Czech either argue that this kind of verbal adjective does not exist in Czech or they do not mention it at all. In this paper, the author tries to show that this claim (or implicit assumption) is false. This type of adjective cannot be declared as non-existent because tens (and maybe hundreds) of different adjectives of the respective type (udelajici) are used in standard texts on the internet. It is also shown in this paper that this adjective cannot be rejected as non-systemic either. The last grammaticality criterion is valid as well: the general textual function of the verbal adjective is a nominalization of the potential attributive clause (e.g. 'vytvorici' for 'ktery vytvori' - creating (perfective) for who will create (perfective).
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