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1
100%
EN
The customers’ expectations towards companies providing transport services continue to grow. Nowadays, besides common tendency to minimize the costs of operation conducted while maintaining the required quality standards, the key role is played by the issue of ensuring the conditions for continuing the implementation of transport processes. The article characterizes the key threats to the orderly functioning of the transport system and an attempt has been made to indicate the possibility of using the assumptions of the business continuity management concept in modern transport systems.
EN
This paper focuses on an important element of human safety, as it describes cyberspace as an environment in which information is exchanged via the web and computer systems. In addition to its positive aspects, cyberspace also generates a variety of threats, such as cyber crises and cyber conflicts, cyberviolence, cyber protests, and cyber demonstrations, also including the risk of causing a cyber war – hence the counteracting of cyberviolence, through, inter alia, school education and public-awareness campaigns. This paper discusses the significance of educational capabilities in the sphere of counteracting cyberviolence, and the characteristics of selected campaigns addressing the issue of violence.
3
80%
EN
The scientific considerations presented in this paper concern threats to national security arising from the activity in outer space. The objective of this analysis is to identify these dangers and to propose solutions to minimize them. The theoretical research methods employed in this study are: synthesis, analysis, abstracting and generalization. In the course of the analysis, several modern threats were established, including anti-satellite and hypersonic weapons. Another important sphere discussed in the paper is the cyber security of satellite/communication devices and systems operating in space. With respect to satellite systems, the EA-18G Growler electronic warfare aircraft was presented as one of the concepts developed with the capability of disrupting their operation. The results from the conducted study emphasize the need to create a Space Domain Awareness (SDA) system, which is substantiated by the indication of natural threats that must beminimized, namely space debris, space weather and the possibility of collision with Near-Earth Objects. The presented considerations are concluded by the analysis of the legislative state regarding space security, which in reality accentuate the incompatibility of the existing laws with the emerging threats, and other issues concerning space law.
4
80%
EN
The aim of the Natura 2000 network is to preserve biodiversity while allowing sustainable development of the regions. This paper describes the objects of protection in the Natura 2000 areas. Some characteristics have been provided of the types of impact exerted by gravel and sand mining sites on the natural environment. Also it has been presented the influence of the mining of sand and gravel on the objects of protection in the Natura 2000 network.
5
Content available Perception of safety of urban residents
80%
EN
Modern cities generate many threats. Based on the conducted pilot studies and analysis of available statistical data, the authors of the article try to answer the following questions of what determines the sense of safety of urban residents and how residents assess their own safety.
Human Affairs
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2015
|
tom 26
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nr 2
117-127
EN
This paper looks at the research results of research into the risky behaviour of Slovak children on the Internet, implemented in late 2013 and 2014 by a research team at the Centre for the Prevention of Risky Virtual Communication, Palacký University in Olomouc. In this article we focus on a key part of the research-cyberbullying from the perspective of victims and attackers. The paper describes the most common forms of attacks Slovak children are exposed to and also focuses on role-switching from victim to attacker which occurs fairly frequently among the Slovak population. The article also looks at the most common Internet services and communication platforms which are exploited in attacks.
EN
Background: Ensuring national security is one of the priority tasks of state authorities. At the poviat level, Poviat Crisis Management Centers occupy a special place in the implementation of this task. Objectives: The purpose of the article is to show the importance of the Poviat Crisis Management Center in the national security system. Methods: The place of the Poviat Crisis Management Center in the national security protection system was determined on the basis of an analysis of the literature on the subject. Conclusions: The Poviat Crisis Management Center plays a key role in anti-crisis activities at the poviat level.
8
80%
EN
The article presents the results of research and literature studies in terms of the perception of threats. The author presents the main factors affecting the quality and efficiency of the perception of threats. The paper firstly looks at an integrated model of the perception of the warning signal and, secondly, the complexity and multidiscipline of the approach required by this model, arguing and advocating broadening the field of interest in security sciences to other fields and disciplines.
EN
The phenomenon of being intercultural or multicultural is a demographic reality resulting from globalization, talent flow, forced migration, and family reunification. Multiculturalism is slowly occurring even in countries that have not historically been receiving a large number of immigrants, such as Poland. The author describes our multicultural families in the aspect of positive sides and disadvantages.
EN
Cybersecurity is one of the most common security topics at present times. Society has enormous capabilities and possibilities in the cyberspace, which create opportunities and threats as well. A cyberwar, cyberterrorism and cybercrime have permanently entered the catalog of threats for security. This kind of situation in a cyberspace determines the need for coordinated activities at international and national level which will provide an acceptable level of security in this area. This article presents and briefly outlines threats for the state cybersecurity. There are also presented activities aimed to provide protection in this area. In addition, the author analyzed the current structure of the cybersecurity system in the Republic of Poland.
EN
The Caspian region is one of the most important regions of the world with its rich hydrocarbon resources, which in turn draws attention from different countries. The purpose of this paper is to underscore the geopolitical importance of the Caspian basin and the impact of its energy resources on the energy security of non-regional countries. The realization of the “Contract of the century” has been specified in the paper. Russian hegemony has been evaluated and the characteristic features of Northern route have been introduced. The authors attempted to delineate the US’ strategy in the Caspian region and to judge the security of the Western route stretching from the Caspian Sea. The status of the Caspian Sea has been clarified based on the most recent information. Threats to the security of the transit routes have been identified and measures have been offered to prevent possible incidents. A formula was suggested for the mathematical evaluation of possible terrorist attacks on the pipelines in the foreseeable future.
12
80%
EN
The article provides information on relationships and dependencies between education and human security. The author tries to combine these two areas (levels) of meaning into one whole, giving them a uniform form of definition – the concept of safety education. This concept includes elements such as values, attitudes, human awareness, counteracting threats, a sense of security or institutionalism. The content of the article consists of two main parts: determinants of the safety education process and the essential social and cultural threats to human existence. Much attention has been devoted to the risks to personal security. The main idea of the article proves that personal (human) safety together with a sense of peace and stagnation as well as structural safety have a fundamental impact on the sense of security of individuals.
EN
This paper is devoted to the problem of the GPS navigation system’s susceptibility to various types of interferences and indicates in what way they may influence on navigation parameters. Basic principles of working of GPS receivers and possibilities of the influence on navigation parameters are discussed. Main advantages and disadvantages of using the navigation systems are indicated. In particular, moments of reception of satellites’ signals in relation to the distance of a satellite, diagram presenting the generation process of a signal emitted by a satellite, spectrum of the interfering electromagnetic wave with constant frequency and amplitude, failure to identify location in the GPS receiver, results of the studies concerning the influence of interference with the wave having constant frequency and amplitude, results of the studies concerning the influence of interference with the wave having constant frequency and changing amplitude, spectrum of the interfering signal – constant narrow-band sweeping wave, GPS receiver’s application after input of a real signal with correct identification of the location, GPS receiver’s application after input of the simulated signal of the satellite are presented in the paper.
14
Content available Developing procedures for hazard identification
80%
EN
The reliable operation of critical infrastructure has a direct impact on the energy security of country. Due to the complexity and vastness of such system it is exposed to various types of events that could lead to failure. These risks may result directly from the operation and also be the result of external factors. Especially dangerous are the undesirable events with incidental character or unlikely events that constitute a serious threat to people and the environment and resulting in significant loss.
EN
Cybersecurity is one of the most common security topics at present times. Society has enormous capabilities and possibilities in the cyberspace which create opportunities and threats as well. A cyberwar, a cyberterrorism and a cybercrime have permanently entered the catalog of threats for security. This kind of situation in a cyberspace determines need for coordinated activities at international and national level which will provide an acceptable level of security in this area. This article presents and briefly outlines threats for the state cybersecurity. There are also presented activities aimed to lead protection of this area. In addition, author analyzed the current structure of cybersecurity system in the Republic of Poland.
EN
The article presents the results of research and literature studies in terms of the perception of threats. The author presents the main factors affecting the quality and efficiency of the perception of threats. The paper firstly looks at an integrated model of the perception of the warning signal and, secondly, the complexity and multidiscipline of the approach required by this model, arguing and advocating broadening the field of interest in security sciences to other fields and disciplines.
EN
This paper will outline the major mental and physical health risks associated with the Internet and environmental risks affecting people with physical disabilities. Modern humans strongly emphasize their need for security. A clean environment is important for human health and well-being. Human security in cyberspace is also important. The importance of security for citizens using information and communication technology systems is increasing every day. The article compares key environmental and cyberspace threats.
EN
In the article, sustainable development can be seen as an alternative to globalization. It is a chance for both present and future generations for prosperity, but also for safe life and living in harmony with nature. The Republic of Poland ensures the security of citizens, environmental protection and protects national heritage, guided by the principle of sustainable development. The National Fire and Rescue System is an integral part of the internal security of the state, that in order to save life, health, property or the environment is forecasting and identifying fires, natural disasters or other local threats. The chapter explores the outline as well as the structure of this system in the commune. The next part of the article is a characteristic of the municipality of Bierawa, which draws attention to the potential threats located in the commune. The survey, which was carried out in the commune, will allow to make objective conclusions referring to the whole article.
19
Content available Security of ICT networks for logistics
80%
EN
The overview study contains the most important issues decisive for ensuring the security of logistics ICT networks in the context of contemporary threats, at the same time bearing in mind their military dimension. It highlights the determinants influencing the functioning of the networks used to transmit information. The aspect of the need to ensure the protection of ICT networks dedicated to logistics has not been presented in this approach so far. The author first of all compares economic and hierarchical organizations based on the example of the armed forces. He also referred to the ICT networks of logistics of other uniformed formations.
EN
This paper shows the importance of broadly defined health security, illness prevention, and health education, in all possible stages of human life. The paper contains a description of the basic threats to human health security emanating from the coronavirus pandemic. In addition, the author deals extensively with the preventive qualities of educational activities in the development of a sense of human health security. The main idea of the paper demonstrates that health security during the coronavirus pandemic, together with a sense of calm and stagnation, have a fundamental impact on human well-being. All this is combined with the adoption of the appropriate attitudes, while at the same time determining the focus of the concentration of human activity, and therefore of human education, in the times of threats to health.
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