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Content available remote 'Kwartalnik Historyczny' - An Outline History of a Humanistic Periodical
The idea of issuing a historical scientific periodical, granted review-critical functions, emerged in Lvov during the 1880s. The founder of 'Kwartalnik' (1887), envisaged as an organ of the parallel established Historical Society (later known as the Polish Historical Society), was Ksawery Liske, assisted by Fryderyk Papée and Ludwik Finkel. After Liske's death in 1891 consecutive editors continued the critical line of the periodical devised by him until 1914. At the time of the first world war and after Poland had regained her independence, 'Kwartalnik' went through an organisational and financial crisis, albeit it managed to retain a publication continuum. During the 1930s the situation of the periodical grew increasingly stable - it even inaugurated consecutive departments, some of which developed into independent publications. During the WWII 'Kwartalnik' could not appear, and after the capture of Lvov by the Soviet Union (1945) the seat of the editorial board was transferred to Cracow, where it was issued irregularly as a small-sized publication. At the same time, successive editors and Boards of the Polish Historical Society were subjected to pressure exerted by the political authorities, whose intention was to transform the scientific periodical into an ideological organ of Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism. In 1950 the editorial board was moved to Warsaw, and in 1953 'Kwartalnik' became an organ of the recently opened Institute of History at the Polish Academy of Sciences, where after 1956 it became possible to restore its scientific character. The total of 110 volumes of 'Kwartalnik Historyczny' constitutes probably fullest evidence of the history and changes of critical Polish historiography. In 1960 Krystyna Sreniowska presented the outcome of her interesting research into the contents of the periodical in 1887-1900, and the electronic bibliography of 'Kwartalnik Historyczny', together with an outline history of the periodical, might prove useful for those historians of Polish historiography who would like to continue pertinent studies.
The file entitled 'The Studio of Catherine II' in the Russian State Archive of Old Acts in Moscow contains 'Les anciennes frontieres de la Russie a l'Occident', a document which up to now has not been published and apparently was never the object of interest of historians studying 18th-century Polish-Russian relations. A description of the document indicates that this is a handwritten note by Catherine II, an annex to a protocol from a session of the so-called Council of State (5/16 February 1792). The document (published as an appendix to this article) refers to historical sources printed during the 18th century (including the chronicles by Gallus Anonymous, Kadlubek and Stryjkowski) in order to prove the historical rights of Russia to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Ukraine, at that time part of the Commonwealth. The article discusses the contents and analyses the circumstances in which a document of this sort could have originated in the cabinet of Catherine II. A separate analysis concerns the significance of this text for our knowledge about the partition decisions made in the entourage of Catherine II and the preparations made during the first half of 1772.
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