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The study introduces the myth and its function in Eliade's literary method in the context of his religionist conception of the function of the myth. The study is therefore conceptualized within a wider context to emphasize the mutual relationship between Eliade's scholarly and creative work. In studying traditional archaic societies and cultures Eliade came to define archaic ontology as a process of historical repetition of mythical archetypes, which reflects the relationship between the sacred and the profane. After researching the archaic society, Eliade concentrates on the modern society, characterized by relativism and general desacralization. Eliade's solution is a return to the sources, the myth, which contains the universal code that can be applied to the modern man. In his literary work, Eliade shows this especially in his novel La foret interdite and in the short stories written after World War II, which are constructed on the basis of well-known, partly modified myths to with they add a signifying dimension. Eliade thus shows that written literature does not destroy myths, but, on the contrary, can creatively prolong their life.
Content available remote Komparatystyka miedzy Mickiewiczem a dniem dzisiejszym
This article presents comparative studies understood as a philosophy of culture, basing upon Henry H. Remak's definition and the 'enumerative' definition of culture by Edward B. Tylor. Reference is also made to the two types of Eliade's myths and two types of paradigm as a 'tertium comparationis', showing - through a comparative depiction - the relationships, appearing in related texts, of the primary figures (God and Nature) and categories of culture (time and space).
The study deals with the myth of a “creator” and his “creation” in two dramatic texts by two Romanian authors: Lucian Blaga´s Master Manole and Mircea Eliade ś Endless Pillar. Both authors found inspiration in the folk ballad Master Manole which deals with the myth of the human creation and the necessity of self-sacrifice. The dramas Master Manole and Endless Pillar, each of them in its own way, introduce the creator controlled by his own work desiring to detach itself from him. Thus it becomes for them the destructive power, as well as the way which can lead them to permanence and sacredness. Mircea Eliade studied myths also from the scientific point of view. That is why the introductory part has been devoted to the general issues of myths and their role in the spiritual life of Romanian people. The second part of the study concentrates on the specific features and symbolic character of each individual text and it is an attempt to define their common, unifying elements other than the common topic.
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