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EN
The Silesian Cabinet, organised thanks to the efforts of Professor Antoni Knot and Zofia Gostomska, was the first branch of the University Library to open in Wrocław. Its creators came to the Lower Silesian capital in May 1945 to secure and develop research facilities for Polish scholars resettled there and for incoming students. The unique specialty of the Silesian Cabinet — collecting unconventional library material, mainly jobbing prints and occasional publications — could have resulted from a variety of factors, e.g. desire to expand the collection of Silesian items, including Polish ones, found in the German collections that were being reviewed at the time, or a need to preserve all printed sources of information that could be used to reconstruct the practical dimension and the scale of forced post-war migrations and their social consequences.
EN
Original collections of jobbing prints and occasional publications kept in scientific libraries and archives in Lower Silesia constitute a unique testimony to cultural activity of the Red Army. The surviving sources demonstrate that artists who were conscripted into its ranks and who were present in Lower Silesia after 1945 contributed to the cultural offer addressed to displaced persons arriving in the region and to Soviet citizens stationed there. A reconstruction of this participation in cultural life makes it possible to study many interesting facts from the post-war period in the history of the Wrocław region, e.g. specialised areas of culture which were most willingly or most often used to popularise Russian culture. Such an analysis reveals areas chosen by the authorities to spread the Stalinist propaganda. The analysis also shows the contribution of Polish cultural institutions, which for various reasons and on various occasions added the Russians’ activities, including charity events, to their offer.
EN
The article contains information about the ephemera collections of Sarah Sophia Banks (1744–1818) from England and Bella Clara Landauer (1874–1960) from the United States. Although differing in terms of their contents and, to some extent, their typology, the collections, amassed in various locations and historical periods, built up of passion bordering on mania, are unique as sources, appreciated by contemporary scholars. Worthy of note from the point of view of book and library scholars are both the figures of the two collectors and the original materials which attracted the attention of Banks and Landauer. The same can be said of the way they pursued their unique hobby and their pioneering work with materials which from the point of view of library practice are regarded as difficult, requiring special measures in the process of acquisition, collecting, study, storage and protection. Thus the experiences of the eponymous collectors, who amassed, selected, systematised and arranged various types of ephemera, become all the more interesting and worthy of popularisation. Worthy of note is also the very fact that the unconventional collections were given to research institutions. Of particular significance in this respect is Sarah S. Banks’ collection, which despite its size was incorporated into the British Library collection already in 1818 owing to its source potential and need to protect it. The ephemeral publications amassed by Sarah S. Banks are currently kept in the British Library. Bella C. Landauer’s collection, owing to the huge number of items, was divided and given to various institutions and research libraries, e.g. New York Historical Society, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, New York Public Library or Baker Library at Harvard University. Some of these institutions make digitised items from these collections available online, thanks to which the growing public domain resources can be used to initiate and develop new research. The aim of this article is to introduce the figures of the two collectors and the ephemera — the object of their collecting passion.
EN
Within the framework of its statutory informative operations the Wrocław University Library has from its beginning collected unconventional library items: Lower Silesian jobbing and occasional prints. The original collection was assembled for the benefit of the Wrocław academic community and its beginnings date back to 1945. Documents published in 1945–1946 depict in great detail the difficult, turbulent process of settlement in the Western Territories and building of a new Polish community in Lower Silesia. Jobbing and occasional prints constitute a unique part of the local cultural heritage; they are valuable and prominent reminders of local history, original sources of information and interesting research subjects for many fields of science. The collection assembled in the Wrocław University Library gives contemporary residents of Lower Silesia a sense of being “rooted” in their local homeland, and makes them aware of historical continuity and regional affiliation.
EN
The purpose of this paper is to reveal the presence in the pages of the fi rst scientifi c English journal The Philosophical Transactions of the scholars associated with the Republic of Poland or conducting scientifi c research or experimental observations on the Polish territory. The subject of articles edited and published by Henry Oldenburg during the years 1665–1677 will be outlined, as well as the dynamics of research in the Republic of Poland. Analized were original scientifi c texts sent from Poland to the editor of the journal during the years 1665–1677, as well as the citations of these works or studies from the area of Republic of Poland. Studies have shown that the most active author was Jan Heweliusz — astronomer from the Free Royal City Gdańsk. Unfortunately, other important works of Polish scientists were not published in the journal. The reasons for this lack should be sought in many sorts of factors in the history of Poland in the 17th century.
EN
Poles displaced to the so-called Recovered Territories, organizing here the social life, struggled with the lack of Polish books. An acute shortage was felt by the entire community, especially by children, pupils and students from Wrocław universities rebuild from the ruins. In order to satisfy the hunger for the Polish word and Polish books, there were organized numerous of social campaigns, both nationwide, regional and local. The authors of this campaigns were the central authorities and representatives of the Lower Silesian administration, as well as associations established in the District II, and finally private persons acting in the field of education, culture or entertainment. Books obtained thanks to social campaigns were the beginning of libraries book collections.
PL
Polacy przesiedlani na tzw. Ziemie Odzyskane, organizujący tu od podstaw życie społeczne, borykali się z niedostatkiem polskich książek. Dotkliwy brak odczuwany był przez całą przybyłą społeczność, a szczególnie przez dzieci, młodzież szkolną oraz studentów podnoszonych z ruin wrocławskich uczelni. Aby zaspokoić głód polskiego słowa i polskiej książki organizowano liczne akcje społeczne, zarówno ogólnopolskie, regionalne oraz lokalne. Autorami tego rodzaju inicjatyw były władze centralne oraz przedstawiciele dolnośląskiej administracji, a także licznie zakładane w Okręgu II stowarzyszenia i wreszcie osoby prywatne działające w sferze edukacji i oświaty, kultury lub rozrywki. Pozyskiwane dzięki akcjom społecznym książki były zaczątkiem księgozbiorów uruchamianych od podstaw bibliotek publicznych i szkolnych.
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