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1
Content available remote Future of Earth orientation predictions
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EN
Earth orientation prediction has undergone a number of changes over the last few decades in response to changing conditions in the Earth orientation parameter user community. However, considering the recent pace of change, it is likely that the rate at which innovations are introduced into the prediction process will increase. Potential drivers for change are discussed and possible directions for change are outlined.
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DE
Es deutet viel darauf hin, dass die Naturkrise der wissenschaftlich-technischen Welt in unserem Denken, nicht erst im Handeln beginnt. Weil in Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft nicht die richtige Ziele verfolgt werden, gibt es einen Mangel an Erhaltungswissen und ein Übermaß Zerstörungswissen. Zu revidieren sind aber nicht die Ergebnisse der herrschenden Wissenschaft, sondern Erkenntnisideale, unter denen es dazu kommt. Um zu erfahren, was für die Zukunft wissenswert wäre, müssten die Natur und unser Natursein ganzheitlich umfassender gedacht werden, als es in der herrschenden Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft geschieht.
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Content available W sprawie polityki dla zrównoważonego rozwoju
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EN
Launched in the early 1960s, the global debate on ecology involves attempts both to adequately define the concept of ecology, and to effectively solve ecological problems. The former aims at a correct diagnosis of the current ecological threats to humanity, and the latter at proposing appropriate ecological strategies that would take into account mankind’s civilizational aspirations and ensure stable and sustained growth. From the beginning, the debate had palpable political undertones manifested in the development of political concepts and strategies for individual countries, regions, and continents, and also for humanity as a whole. Within the debate, the broadly conceived postulate of partnership between man and his natural environment was adopted as the basis for proposing and implementing a programme of global partnership of economy and ecology, or in other words as a political aspiration of “reconciling the inseparable demands of healthy environment and healthy economy for all the nations in the world”. The proponents of this programme thus aim to reaffirm the credibility of politics, which should be understood not only as the art of achieving and wielding power, but also as the art of safeguarding human existence in a world under threat.
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PL
Pod nowymi rządami Ministerstwo Środowiska zaczyna się powoli zmieniać, choć słowo „powoli” w dotychczasowej pragmatyce Ministerstwa nie oddaje w pełni tego, z czym mamy do czynienia. To pod poprzednimi rządami całe lata wakowały kluczowe stanowiska, takie jak dyrektorzy departamentów. I to nie byle jakich, ale tak ważnych z punktu widzenia prowadzonych reform, jak Departament Gospodarki Odpadami czy Departament Geologii i Koncesji Geologicznych.
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Content available remote Model kształcenia pedagoga socjalnego na Ukrainie
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EN
A New structural approach to the training of future specialists in accordance with the Bologna process in presented in the article. The author suggests quite new model of social pedagogue training in Ukraine, which solves the problem of providing and accumulation of the credits. Credit module education is laid on the basis of this model.
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Objectives The aim of the article is to present the role that strategic culture plays in creating and shaping security of the future. Taking account of the purpose of this paper, the main research problem took the form of the following question: To what extent does strategic culture have an influence on shaping security of the future? Methods In order to achieve the aim of this paper and solve the main research problem, the following research methods will be applied: method of analysis, synthesis and method of conclusion.The empirical methods facilitate examination of processes with the aim of drawing conclusions. The article uses research method such as observation. Results Strategic culture is not a dogma or a camera through which we can look into the past or the future. It is a tool useful for understanding how and what the circumstances are in which a country defines appropriate measures and goals to achieve its goals regarding security. Conclusions Strategic culture can help to understand the real cultural identity of a particular entity (such as a country or an organization) and its role in the system of international relations in a better way. Therefore, it can contribute to a better understanding of security policy implemented by the entity and what is more, the analysis of strategic culture can lead to a better understanding of the opponent's strategic behaviour on the basis on how the opponent defines victory, defeat, loss or suffering.
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Content available remote The Influence of strategic culture on shaping security policy
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EN
Objectives: The aim of the article is to present the role that strategic culture plays in creating and shaping security of the future. Taking account of the purpose of this paper, the main research problem took the form of the following question: To what extent does strategic culture have an influence on shaping security of the future? Methods: In order to achieve the aim of this paper and solve the main research problem, the following research methods will be applied: method of analysis, synthesis and method of conclusion.The empirical methods facilitate examination of processes with the aim of drawing conclusions. The article uses research method such as observation. Results: Strategic culture is not a dogma or a camera through which we can look into the past or the future. It is a tool useful for understanding how and what the circumstances are in which a country defines appropriate measures and goals to achieve its goals regarding security. Conclusions: Strategic culture can help to understand the real cultural identity of a particular entity (such as a country or an organization) and its role in the system of international relations in a better way. Therefore, it can contribute to a better understanding of security policy implemented by the entity and what is more, the analysis of strategic culture can lead to a better understanding of the opponent's strategic behaviour on the basis on how the opponent defines victory, defeat, loss or suffering.
XX
The presentation of the first and the second volume of the Encyclopedia took place on July 11th 2017 in Lvov. This unique publication offers a comprehensive information about the first scientific organisation in Ukraine. Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society was established in 1892, long before Ukrainian Academy of Sciences has been founded (1918). In 1940 Shevchenko Scientific Society was banned by the Soviet regime, although it continued to function underground. In 1947 it renew its operations abroad. It was fully reactivated on October 21st 1989. Currently Shevchenko Scientific Society has ca. 1700 members. In the past, among its members were influential foreign scientists like Albert Einstein, Aleksander Brückner, Tomáš Masaryk, Max Planck and others. On June 12th 2017 during a meeting in Kiev with the President of Shevchenko Scientific Society in America, prof. George Grabovich, were discussed the perspectives of future cooperation between Shevchenko Scientific Society and its regional offices.
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Content available Editors note
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Umění (Art)
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2021
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tom 69
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nr 2
198-202
EN
Matthew Rampley describes a situation in East-Central Europe in which the national paradigm remains the governing framework for a variety of conceptual and pragmatic reasons that are likely to continue for many if not most researchers in small academic communities. In the nineteenth century, ‘style’, understood in the sense of non-mimetic ‘form’ present in all works of art, regardless of their culture of origin, offered the possibility of writing a universal history of world art based on ‘objective’ criteria. These grounds are disputed today for applying exclusionary European criteria to the classification of extra-European objects, in the process recontextualizing the function and value of the cultural setting in which the work was made. For similar reasons, style, form, and abstraction are also dominant considerations in assessing Modernism and one of the main reasons that the Polish art historian, Piotr Piotrowski, objected to the neglect of local and regional artists in survey texts, research programs, and exhibition venues based on a center-periphery model of influence flowing from privileged art centers elsewhere. ‘Form’ also has a prior history in theories of vision originating in ancient Greek optics. At present there is a disjunction that deserves further study between this longstanding, Western understanding of ‘form’ as part of a theory of cognition and its modern European reincarnation as a universal, visual element of design. Materialist approaches to the description and classification of works of art, coupled with an ecological model of regional interconnectivity, can mitigate the limitations of institutional art histories organized by nation-state without imposing binary structures on the material evidence. Adopting a collaborative approach to research, as Rampley advocates, could also integrate the efforts of local scholars and regional studies into a de-centered international network of scholarly exchange without imposing an overarching conceptual framework or a uniform methodology.
CS
Matthew Rampley popisuje situaci ve středovýchodní Evropě, kde z řady koncepčních a pragmatických důvodů zůstává rozhodujícím rámcem národní paradigma. Zřejmě přetrvá i nadále pro mnoho, ne-li pro většinu badatelů z malých akademických komunit. Pojetí „stylu“ jako nemimetické „formy“ přítomné ve všech uměleckých dílech bez ohledu na kulturu, z níž pocházejí, poskytovalo v 19. století možnost sepsat univerzální dějiny světového umění založené na „objektivních“ kritériích. Tyto předpoklady jsou dnes zpochybňovány, protože při klasifikaci mimoevropských předmětů a v procesu rekontextualizace funkce a hodnoty jejich původního kulturního prostředí uplatňují evropská diskriminační kritéria. Z obdobných důvodů jsou styl, forma a abstrakce také hlavními hledisky při hodnocení modernismu a zároveň jedním z hlavních důvodů, proč polský historik umění Piotr Piotrowski vystupoval proti opomíjení lokálních a regionálních umělců v přehledových publikacích, výzkumných programech a výstavních projektech založených na modelu centra a periferie, v němž vliv vychází z privilegovaných uměleckých center v zahraničí. „Forma“ má také svou historii v teoriích vidění, které vyšly z antické řecké optiky. Další průzkum si zaslouží současný rozpor mezi zakořeněným západním pojetím „formy“ jako součásti teorie poznání a jejím znovuzrozením v moderní Evropě v podobě univerzálního vizuálního prvku designu. Materialistické přístupy k popisu a klasifikaci uměleckých děl ve spojení s ekologickým modelem regionální interkonektivity mohou zmírnit omezení, kterými trpí institucionální dějiny umění uspořádané podle národních států, aniž by na hmotné doklady uplatňovaly binární konstrukce. Kolaborativní přístup k výzkumu, který obhajuje Rampley, by také mohl integrovat práci místních badatelů a regionální výzkum do decentralizované mezinárodní sítě vědecké výměny, a to bez společného konceptuálního rámce nebo jednotné metodologie.
EN
From 12 to 17 September 2016 in Cuneo (Italy) took place the 9th edition of the international Summer School organized by the Centro Studi sul Pensiero Contemporaneo (CeSPeC). The event revolved around the topic of the “future”, which was analysed from different interdisciplinary perspectives and gave rise to stimulating conversation. In this introduction we provide an overview of the topic and of the reflections stemming from that event.
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The advent of society with its built in idea of progress by collective effort has led to tremendous human growth and development. Our today is more of our planned yesterday rather than by accident of nature. In spite of the vast unknown future before us, our today is largely as planned yesterday. To this extent we can say we know tomorrow taken as our planned and determined-to-achieve future. We know when to guess and make predictions of the future. We also know what we want our future to be and how to work towards realizing it. As humans we keep learning and broadening our horizons. Though today is to a large extent as we planned of it yesterday, we will still find room for improvement. This should not be taken to mean that we did not know today as planned from yesterday. It is human to want something better. So we have knowledge of our planned and determined-to-achieve future events in so far as we do not have at the moment any reason to think otherwise.
EN
The city is a creation, which since ancient times mobilizes political and material productive forces of humans, as well as their imagination. Today, this potential is developed by various images of a technological city of the future, as the built from the ground, eco-city of Masdar. The narrative built around this city significantly exceeds the regional dimension, becoming the new universal figure of the dream about an ideal town. Simultaneously, the vision of Masdar as the "city of the future" is composed mainly of technological and economic elements, and as such, it distances itself from the imaginary dimension of the city, described by Lewis Mumford with the concept of "city-theater". Analysis of the "dramatic energy" inscribed to urban centers by the writer, will highlight possible weak points of the reflections circled around circled around the futuristic concept of Masdar.
EN
Sustainable development is a theoretical concept, but the possibility of implementing it depends on skills and practical solutions. One practical solution is interdisciplinary planning. The basic criterion for the success of interdisciplinary planning and improvements in its quality and efficiency is continuous expansion of knowledge related to its role, the methods, tasks and responsibilities involved and experience gained. This can be considered as a necessary step in the further evolution of interdisciplinary planning. Taking these aspects into account, it could be claimed that interdisciplinary has become a principal condition for the existence of good planning. The aim of this article is to indicate the need for new resilience planning techniques relevant to the implementation of sustainable development, which include, among other things, scenario planning. According to the authors, this concept requires a resilient approach to developing future strategies for more dynamic activities in regions attracting a high number of tourists. In the empirical part, a case study is presented. Based on an analysis of the Development Strategy for Tourism in the Wielkopolska Region until 2020, missing elements are identified from the point of view of sustainable development. Despite references to sustainable development, neither resilience planning nor scenario planning were used.
EN
Starting from Michael Rendell and his team's "Managing tomorrow's people", this paper sets out to build a possible future of leadership in the European engineering education by taking the students' view on tomorrow's world into consideration. We can ask ourselves if European technical universities, and engineering education in particular. could exist in a Blue, Green and Orange World. How would they look like and how efficient would "corporate" universities be, assuming that the Blue World would prevail in the next 10 years. What should their development strategies be and what labor markets would absorb their graduates? What if universities would be in the Green or Orange World? What leaders should they have then? Starting from these questions we try to construct possible scenarios for a European reality.
PL
Referat przedstawia sytuację odlewnictwa chińskiego w okresie ostatnich pięciu lat oraz przyszły jego rozwój. Część pierwsza przedstawia ogólną informację o chińskim odlewnictwie, zmiany w ogólnej wydajności odlewni, liczbę odlewni, liczbę zatrudnionych pracowników. W 2005 roku wyprodukowano w Chinach 24420 tys. t odlewów, co stanowi 28,5% światowej produkcji odlewów. W części drugiej scharakteryzowano strukturę produkcji a w części trzeciej przedstawiono lokalizację odlewni chińskich. W części czwartej przedstawiono analizy problemów współczesnego odlewnictwa chińskiego. W ostatniej, piątej części, przedstawiono prognozę rozwoju chińskiego odlewnictwa w następnych 10 latach, kiedy chiński przemysł odlewniczy będzie się gwałtownie rozwijać.
EN
The paper introduces the recent 5 years situation and future development of Chinese foundry industry. Part 1 shows general information of Chinese foundry industry, total output change, total number of enterprise, employee numbers. Total castings output of China in 2005 is 24420 thousands tons; it makes up 28,5% of the global sum. Part 2 demonstrates the structure of kinds castings output; and Part 3 presents geographic distribution of Chinese foundry industry. Part 4 forecasts future development of Chinese foundry industry, when it will still grow rapidly.
Rocznik Lubuski
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2011
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tom 37
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nr 2
285-298
EN
The aim of the article is to present the research results concerning, among the others, chosen identity elements, plans for life and value systems of secondary school students (general and technical secondary schools) in Dabrowa Gornicza and Tychy. It seemed interesting to learn the way young people, born in 1989 (the year when, according to Joanna Szczepkowska’s words "Communism ended in Poland") view the world around them. The sociological survey covered over 2000 graduates from Tychy and Dabrowa Gornicza, who took their Matura Examination in the spring of 2009. The survey results are important for at least a few reasons: • firstly, they are a diagnosis of personality condition of young people from Upper Silesia; • secondly, they may serve as a suggestion for ongoing discussion on education reform and further expectations in this area; • thirdly, they highlight (to some extent at least) who will shape the future of Poland and the Poles.
PL
The aim of this article is to interpret the conditions for, and the content of, a claim for an appropriate disability pension granted due to the reduction of prospects for success in the future (referred to as the third disability pension condition under Article 444 § 2 of the Civil Code). The chosen subject of analysis is primarily justified by the relative lack of attention this disability pension has received in legal literature compared to pensions granted due to other conditions specified in Article 444 § 2 CC. The authors focus on resolving some of the interpretative doubts in the civil law related to the phrase “reduction of the prospects for success in the future”. The derivative conception of legal interpretation serves as the foundation for their analyses. The article posits that a claim for a pension due to the reduction of prospects for success in the future is available to every natural person (including a conceived child) who has suffered a bodily injury or health disorder resulting in a loss of the ability to work (in the broad sense of the term), including the ability to perform household chores and, consequently, the material or financial benefits such work would provide. According to the authors, the provision’s apparent role is to resolve interpretative doubts regarding the pecuniary benefits that the aggrieved party would likely obtain in the future. This likelihood is higher than low or small, but lower than the probability bordering on certainty (or at least very high), which is the usual requirement for lost benefits in order to be granted a disability pension. This result of the interpretation is fully justified in both functional and systemic interpretative directives, as the legislator, to a certain extent, favours the interests of the person who suffered personal injury over those of the entity responsible for the damage.
PL
In his latest novel Manaraga (2017) Sorokin comments on one of the most significant problems of modern times – the results of the anticipated death of the printed book as well as the related opposition between the original and the copy. The biggest problem, as the author suggests, is not the form of the already published literary classics but the absence of new classics, which can embrace ideas capable of awaking the humankind from its zest for comfort and motivating people for constructive progress.
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