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EN
The paper deals with research interests of Eugen Jona focused on description of dialects of Novohrad. These dialects - their system, development and functioning - are varieties that Eugen Jona knew from his own experience. Their summarizing description has been preserved in a manuscript of Jona's unfinished monograph Novohradske narecia (Dialects of Novohrad) that was intended to be a part of a complex encyclopaedic work Novohrad. The manuscript of the dialect monograph by E. Jona was published on the occasion of centenary of his birth and from the cognitive point of view besides the description of the system it brings considerable sociolinguistic findings of the author - a shift of many regionally differentiated or territorially defined items towards common Middle Slovak features.
EN
This documentary paper deals with the first years of Jozef Mistrík as a secondary school pedagogue at the Business Academy in Trenčín, where he taught since the year 1943. At that time, stenography dominated in his pedagogical and research activities. It was also at that time already, when J. Mistrík acted as a hard-worker gifted with unconventional invention, creativity and originality while searching for the new research areas and topics. He could apply all of these positives in his later multispectral activities in Slovak linguistics.
EN
In the article the author deals with the various legal aspects of deed of gift in the Slovak Civil Law. Up to datesness of this topic is accentuated by current re-codification works insanting in Slovakia but also in some of the neighboring countries. The introduction of the article descibes the origin of the deed of gift in the Roman law and describes its conceptual attributes. Consequently, the article deals with making a deed of gift and offers analyses of the deed of gift from the point of view of interpretation, effectiveness, its content, but also failure of the deed of gift and contexts of responsibility in the deed of gift arising from it. In conclusion within consideration of de lege ferenda the author outlines some options to amend an existing legislation. However, if the amendment of the deed of gift could be comparable with foreign legal regulations, it will require the substantial extention, complement and revision.
EN
The study deals with the conceptualization of school culture and outlines the results of research of the school cultures of 34 elementary schools in Slovakia. Some features of school culture, for example the physical environment of the school, tradition, style of management, staff cohesion, symbols and rituals, as seen by different actors of the school, are analysed in relation to the successfulness of the school, that is, the test results in mathematics and Slovak language and the admission rate of elementary school pupils to secondary schools. The results indicate that better school results are linked to the importance of tradition and innovation, socialization and participation, material and technical equipment, social ties and school openness. The study points to the existence of several specific, and partly overlapping, cultures in schools, namely the culture of teachers, pupils and management. The results are discussed with reference to Durkheim's ideas of moral education.
EN
In this article author focuses on the problems of vulgar substitution, a legal institute based on institution of a substitute, which should be the heir in the instance, that person, who was instituted in the first place, will not become heir of the testator. The author states after defining legal substance of vulgar substitution and after its distinguishing from substitutio fideicommissaria, with which it is often interchanged, that vulgar substitution has a long tradition in the Slovak law and also at present it is widely used in practice, in spite of it has no support in the Civil Code since 1964. The author is also pointing out, that the absence of legal regulation of vulgar substitution, a legal institute, which follows from general principles of law of succession and also the whole civil law, is the loophole in the law, which, in the interest of legal security, needs to be filled up. Using Roman law science and comparison with Austrian ABGB, German BGB and Swiss ZGB, she is ruminating about optimal extent and content of legal regulation of vulgar substitution in the Civil Code.
6
Content available remote BETTER REGULATION AND REGULATORY QUALITY: THE CASE OF RIA IN SLOVAKIA
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EN
Regulatory reforms in Europe and OECD countries in the last decade have focused on various tools that would improve 'regulatory quality'. Regulatory impact assessment (RIA) is considered to be a tool that assists the decision-makers to make choice by systematic appraisal of the potential effects (fiscal, social, economic and other) to proposed legislation. Slovakia, together with other newly accessed countries adopted this tool in the year 2001, however, there is no systematic available research that would discuss the level of implementation and quality of the information in the regulatory impact assessments conducted in these countries. This article deals with the quality of information contained in regulatory impact assessments conducted in Slovakia.
EN
The Marian motifs in legend songs and in paintings on glass result from the complex relations established by the model, actual style context, subjective experience and expressive means of the medium. They are associated with the active reception of the Marian cult in a traditional environment as well as with the reflection of biblical and apocryphal themes. They are integral part of narratives (legends-tales) and are also formed into iconographic types (pictorial representations). Besides a narrow circle of parallel themes and pictorial types they are only complementary in both genres (media); complementation is also the way how to render them. They are components of folk belief as the two modes of formulating religious images.
EN
This study is about the Scythian arrow-heads from the south-west Slavic hill fort from Smolenice-Molpir. The fortified settlement at the foothills of the Small Carpathes was examined in the sixties and seventies of the 20th century by M. and S. Dusek for the Archeological institute of the Slovak Academy of Science. Weapons of Scythian type, especially the bronze two- and three-winged arrow-heads, are foreign objects in the local cultural material remains. Arrow-heads of this kind are known for a long time from the north pontic kurgans of the Iron Age. At the end of the 8th century and especially in the 7th century before Christ this type of weapon is found repeatedly in the northern region of the Black Sea, but already also in the Carpathian Basin. They were found in the destruction layers of the fortified settlements in a wide spread area in the northern and southern regions of the Moravian Gate. Furthermore they indicates attacks of Scythian warriors from Transylvania on the one side and the north pontic steppes on the other side.
Studia Psychologica
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2010
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tom 52
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nr 4
309-314
EN
The paper focuses on the question whether hope mediates the effect of personality traits on life satisfaction. It is based on the assumption that the cognitive ability to perceive the possibility of reaching one's own personal goals is an important outcome of personality traits as well as a strong predictor of life satisfaction. The research sample consisted of 451 secondary school and university students in Slovakia with mean age 20.02 years. Hope Scale (Snyder, 1995), Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985), and NEO Five Factor Inventory (Costa, McCrae, 1992, Slovak version Ruisel, Halama, 2007) were used to measure the defined characteristics. The results showed that hope acts as a partial mediator between neuroticism, conscientiousness and life satisfaction, and a full mediator between extraversion and life satisfaction.
EN
During the history of man the burying ground had its role and meaning, depended on historical period, and type of society. In our culture complex of the cemetery is understood as a place of final separation of dead person from the society of living and also the place connected with a new special kind of relationship, which arise thanks to death of some close person. This place is still full of symbols, signs, information, and it is a presentation of values, attitudes towards the death and life. The paper deals with the problem of interpretation of cemetery boundaries, their meaning and role in contemporary countryside culture in Slovakia (regions Nitra, Hont, Horehronie, Liptov). The paper also analyses the borders within the cemetery itself, the segmentation of this place in accordance to ethnic, confessional, age, social differentiations.
EN
The greatest attention in this paper is paid to the compendium on Encyclopedia of Linguistics (Encyklopédia jazykovedy, 1993), edited by Prof. Jozef Mistrík (1921 – 1980). Thanks to the succesfull publication of the encyclopedia, J. Mistrík became, according to some opinions, the pioneers of Encyclopedistics of Linguistics in Slovakia. Currently, the publication might need new edition however, so far it has not beed planed. Some modernisation of the entries and presentation of current views of language is carried out of linguistic entries currently published in the individual volumes of the Encyclopedia Beliana.
EN
The objective of this study is to present the information about history and process of Albanian migration into the area of Slovak Republic. Albanians are migrants, who are less known in Slovakia. In majority society they are known especially through their profession - as an ice-cream sellers, pizza restaurants holders, gold-smitheries holders, and, in negative sense, mainly through illegal criminal activities. In nowadays Slovakia there are approximately 3.000-4.000 Albanian immigrants (unofficial entry). In the past, there were three main periods, when the greatest number of Albanian migrants had come to Slovakia: a) in the times of the 1.Czechoslovak republic (between 1918-39), b) between the years 1968-70 (unstable situation after the intervention of Warsaw-pact soldieries to CSSR) and c) after 1989 (the end of communist regime). The homeland of Albanian migrants living in Slovakia are F.Y.R.O Macedonia and Kosovo. In the process of Albanian migration two moments are significant: a) Albanian migration has strong economic background, b) kinship relations with persons already living in Slovakia determine the direction of the Albanian migration. Inside the Albanian community, strong tendencies towards the preservation of their own cultural identity can be found . Adaptive tendencies towards the new social and cultural environment are connected mostly with economic cooperation with the members of majority society. Good skills of Slovakian language and formal acceptation of majority customs are characteristic examples. On the other hand, protective tendencies are strong in the sphere of family and social relations within the Albanian community. Patriarchal family model (extend family as a common economic unit with one regency and representative person - the head of the family) and Albanian traditional law system are the representatives of cultural difference. Specific social relations are relevant also in the process of Albanian migration. Strong orientation towards the family causes that many new migrants are in kinship relation with the persons who had come to this area 70 years ago. Members of Albanian community living in Slovakia are not concentrated upon one place, in one or few towns. They are living in dispersion at all area of Slovakia, in many towns and villages. This is the consequence of informal agreement, in the frame of which new member of community does not want to become the rival of another Albanian businessman.
EN
The amount of industrial waste released into the Morava River has decreased substantially since the late 1950s. This has led to a marked increase in phytoplankton abundance and species diversity. In the past, the Dyje River, a main right-side tributary of the Morava, served as a major source of planktonic algae for the lowermost stretch of the Morava River. At present, production and biological processes in the Nove Mlyny reservoirs significantly influence water quality. The quantity of phytoplankton has decreased but during hot summer periods the floating biomass of bloom forming Cyanophyta has increased significantly. The increase of colonial cyanophytes is an undesirable incidental phenomenon associated with the improvement of water quality in terms of allochthonous organic pollution. This was also promoted by the damming of the Dyje River in its lower floodplain area some fifteen years ago. Observations from 2002 indicate that a bloom of cyanophytes could soon also affect the middle stretch of the Morava. The lower stretch of the Morava supports a species-rich community of planktonic algae and diatoms, but above all, green flagellated and coccal algae. The Morava represents an important source of algal inoculums for the Danube and it contributes to the species diversity at the point where it enters the Pannonian Lowland. In this stretch of the river 25 genera with 58 species of cyanophytes and 181 genera with 634 species and infraspecific taxa of different groups of algae have been identified. Phytoplankton abundance has increased several times in comparison to the late 1950s. The highest values measured in 2002 were close to 100,000 cells per ml, and the chlorophyll?alpha concentration was 100 mug/l.
EN
The text deals with selected problems of catering in restaurants in Slovak Republic, as a transforming country. The research of public catering is based on study of internet webpages, press and web advertisements, phone numbers index and field research done by the authoress. It was realized in 2007 and in March and June 2008. It concentrated on problems of 'ethnisation' (by means of image of 'self', 'the others', 'image of the enemy'); 'genius loci' in the services of advertisement and competition: the problem of so-called 'ostalgia' (restaurants like 'KGB' or other forms of reminiscences of totality). The authoress emphasizes that the way of seeing the life in that era was specific in each of the reforming countries of the former 'Ostbloc' in the period after the breakpoint in 1989. The particular faces of socialism and historical circumstances in each of these regions were specific too.
15
Content available remote VÝRAZOVÉ TENDENCIE SÚČASNÉHO POULIČNÉHO DIVADLA
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EN
The paper is a brief prolegomena to an extensive research of the phenomenon of street theatre. He discloses the strategies for mapping the present street theatre culture with regard to the currently most prevailing manifestations in contemporary Slovakia. He reflects the particular expressive tendencies within contemporary street theatre and strongly distinguishes its factual specifications. In the conclusion, the author presents more explicit concept of how to determine the nature of this type of theatre and outlines relevant, possible typology. At the same time, he also points out the individual functions of the present street theatre in Slovakia. Poetics of the contemporary street theatre in the domestic context quite differs from the street production made for a sole purpose. In the current staging practice, street theatre can be in Slovakia many things, which is often a major problem in the final mapping and understanding of the issue. Sometimes any outdoor open-air presentation bears the label of street theatre, although it completely lacks the attributes ascribed to this type of theatre. Street theatre in Slovakia has many variants and therefore is mostly mixed with non-theatrical theatricality, with show and other street attractions that the very street theatricality not just overlaps but, unfortunately, sometimes completely replace. The presence of such street theatre is actually in Slovak conditions rare, unique, nourished only by a few initiatives, theatre companies and events. As a result, it creates a coherent colour of street 'spectacle', which is sometimes seen on the surface as a revitalized, re-recognized theatrical form developed in the sporadic but constant spirit. "Open air theatre" or "outdoor theatre" has its specific conditions for the existence on the cultural map of theatre, its right to exist in the context of domestic theatrical culture. Similarly, it follows fixed, unwritten laws, language, aesthetics and even the original expressive tendencies, which clearly enrich and even inspire the overall culture of theatre.
EN
The present study deals with the following groups of questions which regarding changes in the social stratification system in Slovak society: 1. How has the social stratification system changed? Which of the classes has more members and which of them less? How do they differ? How has the relationship between gender and social status changed? 2. Do class members differ in their values, attitudes, needs, beliefs and lifestyles? Are these classes potential social classes with specific characteristics and features, making possible to create a class identity? The analysis is based on the results of social stratification research in Slovakia in 1993 - 2010. The theoretical basis was the Goldthorpe EGP class scheme. The first group of questions can be answered as follows: during the last twenty years the vertical social order has changed. The highest level - the level of service class, which includes higher-grade professionals and managers - was joined with the category of economically independent individuals, the category with the biggest increase of members. The most dramatic decrease of members was in the category of skilled manual workers. The long-term decrease in the proportion of agricultural workers continues. The differentiation between EGP classes is bigger and the income is not the only significant aspect. There is still a strong gender differentiation in social status; gender has a stronger impact on the amount of income than does EGP class. The answer to the second question is: members of the three EGP classes have different opinions on some of the basic economic issues and how to handle them. In addition, they also differ in how they deal with their own economic situation, and thus with an important part of their lives. It can be assumed that these classes (or at least some of them) may become real social classes.
EN
The confidential information protection (CIP) is not worked up in theory into conditions of the Slovak Republic, besides having regard to its unquestionable importance which increased and came new dimensions, mainly after that the Slovak Republic became a NATO and EU Member State. One of the selections at least of partial understanding of CIP system are knowledge got from its development analyse. Due to this article analysis historic legal context of the CIP developed in the territorial conditions of the Slovak Republic in the three time periods. The first time period is known by the era after the founding of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 and it introduces only briefly information. This fact is objectively subjected by the character of CIP in those days. The second period falls with the period after the World War II. This era of the CIP development and its character formation is signate then historical dependences, mainly by the creating and gradually fastening of the totalitarian regime on background of world partition to two antagonistic groupings of states. The last period in which is analysing the development of CIP is the period after principal social and political changes in 1989. The development of CIP is influenced by these changes and by the founding of the individual Slovak Republic and its incorporation into military, political and economic integrating groupings.
EN
The article is aimed on analysis of selected provisions of Slovak Criminal Code, especially on provision recognizing the criminal offence 'competition malpractice'. The authors deal with several uncertainties and imperfections regarding the regulation of the competition malpractice in Criminal Code. The other criminal offences concerning the competition are also the subject of this article.
EN
Content of finds that were rescued during the first phase of the investigation activities indicates that the total number of originally found graves was probably higher than the professional literature has assumed. Marking of the graves with burial mounds at the site in Streda nad Bodrogom represents an unusual and peculiar funeral rite. Some grave pits were cut straight into the bedrock. Common burying of the dead and the horse has been proved in all the four cases. In the past the graves have been devastated by grave thieves or by unprofessional interventions. Majority of the grave goods were discovered in secondary positions, skeletons of the deceased were scattered. In the grave inventory the mounts that decorated gorytos were discovered accompanied by a belt, horse harness belts and a pouch for fire lighting gear. Weapons from the grave were probably stolen by grave thieves, or they have not got into the museum collection. The material culture includes also artefacts that have their roots or close analogies in the wider east European area (human mask-shaped mounts, belt ornaments of the Cherdin type, leaf-shaped mounts with palmette decoration, pottery etc.). As of now some artefacts have no analogies in the wider middle- and east European context. The majority of silver personal ornaments was made in artisan workshops in the upper Tisa basin. At the clan burial site in Streda nad Bodrogom members of the first two generations of the ancient Magyars were buried during the first half of the 10th century.
20
Content available remote RELIGION AND SLOVAK NATIONAL IDENTITY (Religia a slowacka tozsamosc narodowa)
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nr 1(334)
163-185
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The article seeks to answer the question of the role and significance of religion in constructing contemporary Slovak national identity. In his attempted answer, the author describes the relations between religion and the nation, and religion and nationalism in Central-Eastern Europe. He then reflects on the issue of the place of Christianity within the public sphere as an object of political debate in Slovakia after 1989. The answer to the problem is sought by analyzing both the public discourse in Slovakia after 1989 and by referring to the symbolic sphere (the symbolism of currency, national feasts and public places).
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