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The authoress investigates literary texts which present a young poet of 'the silver age', Leonid Kannegiser, remembered in history as 'the killer of Uritskii'. He appeared chiefly in the works of emigrant writers (Mark Aldanov, Georgii Ivanov, Georgii Adamovich, Marina Tsvetaeva). In Russia only Yury Davidov introduced him in his last novel, 'Bestseller' (1999). The texts referred to belong to a variety of genres. Aldanov's work 'Ubiistvo Uritskogo', is mainly fact-collecting, but there are also many psychological observations which enrich its cognitive aspect. Ivanov's 'Peterburgskie zimy' and Tsvetaeva's 'Nezdeshni vecher' disclose their character of memoirs, being highly personal accounts of events, of the meetings with people, of the historical process. 'Bestseller' by Davidov is a historical novel of multiple subplots. The attack on Uritskii and the fate of Kannegiser function here in the broader context of anti-Semitic tendencies before and after the October Revolution. In all the texts, Leonid Kannegiser is presented as a man of complex personality, who - in a spectacular and unexpected way - staged a demonstration against violence used by the new Bolshevik authorities.
Content available remote Legionárske spomienky, zápisníky a denníky
The authors of the contribution focused on diaries and recollections of the Austrian-Hungarian troops members, captured at different fronts in World War I (in Serbia, Russia, and Italy), who later joined the Czechoslovak volunteer armed forces - the Czechoslovak legions. On an example of recorded memories of French legionnaire A. Sima, Italian legionnaire V. Valnicek and Russian legionnaire A. Sikura, the authors explain the circumstances at the time when World War I broke out, the moods and opinions of inhabitants, the mobilisation and leaving for the front, the baptism of fire at the fronts, the trials and horrors of war. Their diaries demonstrate clearly, how they as private soldiers and the civil inhabitants experienced the apocalyptic moments brought by the worldwide conflict to the proximity of the fronts and the rear, their everyday life and the importance of the memories of their relatives at home and of the rare correspondence with them. As immediate witnesses of significant political and military events from 1914-1918, when the future fate of Czechs and Slovaks and their common state - the Czechoslovak Republic - was decided, they provide a conclusive picture of those difficult times. Their records from war years, which were completed and even printed later, helped to keep the essential and even less essential experiences from that period in individual mind of their relatives and in collective mind of the nation. Frequently, they give also the historians, military historians, ethnologists and other experts very detailed and from other sources unknown information.
This note contains a supplement to the publication of the manuscript 'My Father's Letters' by Maria Kostrzewska-Orlewicz, Prof. Józef Kostrzewski's daughter (Prinke 2009). It presents some results of further archival research.
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