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The goal of the article is the reconstruction of a fragment of the Pomeranian lexicon on the basis of German recording of terrain names of Slavic etymology. Presented here are terrain names created from the words brzoza (birch) (Pomeranian breza||broza), buk (beech) and dab (oak), as well as from the word dabrowa 'a forest primarily of oaks' that is, from three popular names of deciduous trees. A list of the original inscriptions and their interpretation is supplemented by two maps, on which the distribution of the names under discussion in Western Pomerania is indicated. Terrain names of Pomeranian (Slavic) origin are markedly more numerous in the eastern part of the region, which from a linguistic viewpoint neighbours on Kashubian dialects. This fact is connected with the significantly earlier Germanization of the western part of Pomerania (15th-16th centuries) and the later (comparatively: 17th-18th-19th centuries) Germanization of the eastern part. We find place names based on breza||broza, buk, dab i dabrowa in Western Pomerania significantly less often than terrain names.
On entering the territory of Poland, Soviet soldiers received strict orders to refrain from violence on Polish citizens. However, on crossing the former borders of the Third Reich no such orders were issued. For many of the expulsed Germans, incoming Poles and native inhabitants (Kashubians) excruciating days began. The article presents the role of Soviet war headquarters and the conduct of the Red Army Soldiers toward post-German property and Polish settlers as well as the violence and crimes committed against the population currently staying on that area. Descriptions of the events are well documented by source materials obtained from the archives and based on the recollections of the victims. The information contained in the article on crimes committed by Soviet soldiers, only to a small extent depicts the actual facts, which require further investigation.
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