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The aim of the study is to examine, on the basis of documents in the National Archives of the Czech Republic, the final part of the process of economic reform developed in Czechoslovakia almost from the beginning of the 1960s. After the invasion of the occupation armies in August 1968, its end was definitively decided, in spite of the fact that there was still some verbal support for the continued development of the economic reform and some space for the presentation of theoretical views that were not in harmony with the official policy. In this period during 1968, as well as during the so-called pre-spring, Slovak economists formulated some interesting views.
The study considers the development in the leadership of the Communist Party of Slovakia, a regional organization of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from the occupation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic by the armies of the Warsaw pact and the extraordinary congress of the CPS at the end of August 1968 until the appointment of its leading representative G. Husák to the function of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC in mid April 1969. In this period, the leadership of the CPS underwent a turbulent political development from an exemplary reformist communist body with the potential to continue the reforms at least to a limited degree, into a united bloc of Husák’s realists, who had the ambition to extend the Normalization process to the whole CPC. Apart from the objective international and internal political situation, this change was also strongly influenced by the high political ambitions of G. Husák, who showed his true face in this period, as a pragmatic political utilitarian, although, paradoxically, he had stood at the head of the reformist communists in the CPS from January to August 1968.
This study utilizes the analytical tools of the theory of trauma narrative and postmodern historiography in an interpretation of contemporary Slovak novels thematising the collective trauma of August 1968 (Rankov, Krištúfek, Grendel, Klimáček, Baláž). The issues under exploration are the dilemmas of historical fiction about socialism in the contemporary context, in which the traumatic events of August 1968 became probably the most remediated narrative, a “site of memory” of (Czecho) Slovak identity. The study analyses literary approaches and ideological assumptions of these texts, in which tension arises between history and fiction and at the same time between therapeutic, ideological and artistic reconstructions of history.
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