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The study is devoted to the hitherto little reflected theme of internment in Slovakia in 1919. In the first part, the author describes the situation in southern Slovakia at the beginning of 1919 and the events from the declaration of the state to the end of March that led to the first wave of internment. He also presents the social composition of the people interned in Ilava and the conditions of their life in the camp there. The second part concentrates on internment in May and June, when about 2600 people were taken to Terezín (Theresienstadt). The author also considers the discussions in the public life of the time about conditions in the Terezín camp and about the fact of internment itself.
This study presents the history of brown coal mining in the southern Slovak brown coal basin according to archive research in the inter-war period. The author has written the mining history on the basis of documents located in the State Mining Archive in Banska Stiavnica, the State Archive in Banska Bystrica and its branch at Velky Krtis and in the Archive of the Dolina mine in Velky Krtis. He has processed the history of these localities where mining of brown coal mining occurred in the analysed period after establishment of particular mining locations according to cadastral territories. The mining is considered as a process by which coal was obtained to be sold commercially or used in the agricultural economy. The author analysed a total of 13 localities.
This paper aims to publish a summary of previously known, yet so far unpublished Únětice culture grave findings from within the town limits of Nové Zámky, which unequivocally show a dense and stable settlement network in this micro-region. There are presented inhumation burials documented during field excavations of the local regional museum (presently Ján Thain Museum) in the areas of Žofijská osada and Paneláreň, as well as older rescue excavations of the Institute of Archaeology SAS in Nitra in the areas of Tehelňa and Ragoňa.
Slovak and Hungarian social sciences have paid sufficient attention to research on the transformation of the ethnic identities of people living mainly in ethnically mixed regions and towns of Southern Slovakia. In the course of the 20th century, the affected population switched its ethnic identification codes depending on the assimilation political practices or the ethnic policy of the respective state authorities. The aim of this paper is to point out, through the theory of ethnic identity by political scientist Kanchan Chandra from New York (2012), the possibilities of applying an innovative analytical language to the historical and current research of assimilation processes, which enable a more exact grasping of the mechanisms of ethno-cultural changes in the Southern Slovakian region heterogenous in terms of language and culture. The inhabitants of this type of regions and towns were easily ethnicised given their potential to become holders of several types of nominal ethnic identities which were activated (assimilation) or deactivated (dissimilation) depending on the situation in various contexts of the daily public and private life. This “non-national” behaviour of the population (ethnical practice) had a causal influence on the current ethnic structure of the “lost” or “recovered” town, which can be interpreted as an expression of national indifference – the concept advocated by social scientists Tara Zahra, Jeremy King or Pieter Judson.
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