Ethiopian historiography is a separate field of research within the domain of African history. The article discusses the implications - in both positive and negative sense - of this area of studies in the context of African historiography. Eritrean studies are also included in this perspective given the impossibility to separate the two regions by an historical point of view. The authoress outlines three main challenges in Ethiopian studies today that she thinks deserve further attention: (1)the need to relocate Ethiopian studies in the wider field of African studies; (2)the importance of conducting oral research in a literate society; (3)the focus on a new research on political history after decades of social history. The article also discusses the role of Professor Joanna Mantel-Niecko in the field and her contribution that deserves a special mention.