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Content available remote Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in HCl solution by Tinidazole
Tinidazole, a pharmaceutical compound has been investigated with reference to the inhibition of mild steel acidic corrosion in 1 molar HCl by means of weight loss and electrochemical measurements. The outcomes attained at 30°C revealed that the Tinidazole had obtained 90% inhibition efficiency at 400 ppm concentration. These results explain that the inhibition process occurs by means of adsorption. The inhibitor molecules adsorb on the surface of the metal, following Langmuir's adsorption isotherm. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements established that Tinidazole is an inhibitor of a mixed type. An appropriate equivalent electric circuit for modeling and the analysis of impedance data to give a better explanation of the process of corrosion inhibition have been proposed.
This study investigated characterization of Epiphyllum oxypetalum (EO) leaf extracts and optimization of process variables on inhibition of mild-steel in 3 M H2SO4 aggressive environment. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed to examine the influence of process variables namely acid concentration (1.0 – 3.0 mols), inhibitor concentration (0.2 – 1.0 g/l), time (1–10 hr) and temperature (303 -343K) on inhibition efficiency. The results of phytochemical screening showed that organic components present in EO extract as a good inhibitor. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies established the presence of active compounds and adsorption of leaf extracts on metal surface. The experimental data was statistically analyzed and regression equations for corrosion rate and inhibition efficiency generated. The optimum conditions were achieved at acid concentration of 1.00 mol, inhibitor concentration of 0.055 g/l temperature of 333K, and time of 2.750 hr. The optimization results revealed that inhibition efficiency of 82.93 % was obtained at optimum combination of the extract concentration, the acid concentration, the temperature and the immersion time. The inhibitive potentials of EO extract was found to impede the localized and uniform corrosion of mild steel in acidic media, showing that the Epiphyllum oxypetalum leaf extract is a good inhibitor for mild steel in acidic solutions.
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