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Utilization of price parity as an effective tool of rationalization of spatial ties calls for a number of conditions, determining both action of its stimulating properties and direcction of this stimulation, to be fulfilled in practice. These conditions refer both to general assumptions of mechanism of the national economy functioning and to mechanism regulating the sphere of making spatial decisions. In this article the attention has been focussed only on some problems connected with the later group of conditions of effective operation of locO-franco prices. The problems discussed here confirm a complex character of tasks to be solved by economic theory and practice in the field of creation of indispensable prerequisites paving the way for utilization of price parity as an instrument of rationalization of spatial ties.
Tha article contains presentation of the findings of studies on relations of prices on three main dimensions. The first of them is the analysis of relations between official prices at which agricultural products are purchased from fanners and their free-market prices. The goal’ of the analysis here is to answer the question whether there occur clear, noticeable changes in relations of prices in this sphere, and if so then how these changes should be interpreted. The next research area is the analysis of relations between purchasing prices of agricultural products and corresponding retail prices of selected foodstuffs. The main reference point for the analysis here is the guiding thesis of price reforms realized since the early eighties, which propagates a slogan of economizing the pricing system through decreasing and ultimately liquidating subsidies to prices of foodstuffs. Finally, the third dimension encompasses the analysis of retail prices in the network of socialized trade and free-market prices to be found in open-market trade. The fact that free-market prices reflect the real conditions of production and realization of food products allows to treat them as a peculiar criterion in evaluation of the quality of official regulations with regard to retail prices.
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