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EN
In times of economic downturn, such as the current one, which started in year 2000, many economists, businessmen and financial experts seek answers to some difficult questions: Who is to blame for the collapse? Why, all of a sudden, did national and even global economies start to slow down? The bigger the depression, the simpler the answer. For many experts, the cause of crisis is evident: the free market, that inhuman, soulless structure, is often believed to be the root of all economic evils. Its invisible hand is responsible for injustice, poverty, unemployment, bankruptcies, high prices, hard work and other sufferings. Moreover, the free market stimulates greed, envy, and other deficiencies of humankind. Why is it so? Because the market is inefficient and ineffective; because the market is wrong. How can we counteract these deficiencies? The best way, say economists, is to limit market freedom. How? Simply by regulating and controlling it, or even by introducing a planned, collective economy. Who is to do it? Government, state, politicians. However, those who try to manage economies and markets by substituting the invisible hand with political power ignore the simple fact that politicians are not only inefficient, imperfect and misguided, but also that, in pursuit of their own self-interests, they tend to ignore the welfare of millions of ordinary market participants. As a result, the cure, which leads to overregulation of the market, becomes more harmful than the disease itself.
EN
The basic trends of increase of capitalization of innovatively active enterprises have been determined. Ways of increase of real and market capitalization of enterprises have been substantiated. Features of government regulation of capitalization of innovatively active enterprises in Ukraine have been considered. The increase of real capitalization of innovatively active enterprises is made possible by improvement of their finance administration and by bettering their efficiency of economic, innovative activity. The enterprises' organizational-economic transformations and participation of capital markets are to be considered as well.
EN
This paper investigates current conditions, problems and ways of improving minimum wage formation in Ukraine. The concept and role of minimum wage in the economy as well as the dynamics of nominal and real minimum wage levels were considered. Based on international comparisons and comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of minimum wage, consumer basket and cost of living in Ukraine, it is substantiated the close economic relationship between these indicators. The results of investigation of key economic indicators concerning wages and life quality allowed offering a number of recommendations to improve the mechanisms for determining minimum wage in Ukraine. The proposed improvements are based on a comprehensive assessment of consequences of unjustified minimum wage increase and take into account the experience of the development countries in this field.
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