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The author analyses the specific nature of publications dealing with a work (or works) of art, substantive changes that determine their creation — editing and designing — as well as the complex mutual relations that occur in the very construction of the narrative, including its reading and understanding. The commonly used term “catalogue” has been redefined. The contents of art/exhibition catalogues are becoming increasingly rich and are scholarly well prepared; an extensive analysis and a multi-context discussion of the problem in question sometimes even constitute the dominant part of the catalogue, going beyond the function of a commentary to a collection of reproductions. The type of publications discussed here has for some time been the only evidence of the existence of an artistic work/project, its lasting visual representation. Of significance is also the fact of a kind of media adaptation occurring when the original work is translated, interpreted: e.g. through presenting the artistic work/project in a different medium, different scale, colour scheme etc., also in a different context and conditions of reception. There is a need for publications devoted to art to be treated seriously, on an equal footing with other design disciplines, despite the seemingly niche-like nature of such publications. The author of the article stresses the complex communication process as well as problems related to the creation of publications dealing with works of art by editors and designers, which are too often unjustly marginalised. What is needed is interdisciplinary research into these problems. The results of such research could lead to professionalisation of actions of both the sender (editor, publisher) and the intermediary (designer) of the message, and play an important role in the social context.
The paper focuses on Uriah Kriegel’s non-relational account of representation, based on the rejection of the widely shared assumption that “representing something involves (constitutively) bearing a relation to it”. Kriegel’s approach is briefly compared with another version of non-relational theory presented by Mark Sainsbury. The author discusses several reasons why the relational aspect of representation should stand in the centre of our theoretical interest, despite the arguments of non-relationists. They concern (1) the origin of the very capacity to represent in our interactions with elements of our external environment; (2) the externalist arguments attempting to show that some of our states and acts are irreducibly embedded in our relations with external environment and these relations play an in-eliminable role in the constitution of their content; (3) the fact that representations typically have conditions of satisfaction which relate the representing states or acts to the external world in such a way that if the conditions are not fulfilled, this counts as a representation-failure; (4) the fact that the representation ascriptions are often based relationally and the claim that two subjects think about the same often admits only relational interpretation. The author concludes by pointing to the wide variety of phenomena called “representation” and argues that there is no a priori reason to presuppose that all such cases admit, or even require a unified analysis.
When we will take the assumption that the goal of the firm is its value creation, we need to state that: (1) relation between supplier and buyer in B2B market is not the final goal of the firms, but the mean to increase values if both partners and (2) both supplier and buyer use economic criteria (long term influence of the supplier’s offer on the buyer’s value drivers and the long term influence of buyer’s behavior on the supplier’s value drivers) in the relation’s creation and evaluation. Based on the above assumptions, empirical research projects concerning the B2B buyer seller relations should formulate questions (hypotheses) about economic content of the relations. First, the investigations should concern causation relations between the supplier’s actions, offer knowledge and evaluations and buyer behavior. Second, variables that describe supplier’s actions should concern the economic content of the actions – influence of the supplier’s offer on the buyer’s value drivers. Third, variables that describe knowledge and evaluations of the offer should describe buyer’s understanding of how the offer influences the buyer’s value drivers. Fourth, variables that describe buyer behavior should describe the behaviors that influence the supplier’s value drivers.
The reflections undertaken in the present paper take their origin from the issue of the divorce of faith and life, so well visible in the contemporary world, which attracted the attention of the Vatican Council II in Gaudium et spes (nr 43). With a view to deepening the issue, certain features characteristic of the present world’s spiritual condition will be discussed. being taken into consideration and described as being of crucial importance for the Church’s evangelization work, which always has to take notice of the culture context in which the work is accomplished. It is through taking notice of that context that the Vatican Council’s communion theology was born, which is undoubtedly an answer to the requirements of the contemporary evangelisation. The theology calls for further materialisation, particularly in the existential dimension. Accordingly, the paper draws attention to the possibility of a further development of the teaching of the Council, taking into consideration the relational character of the Christian religion. It demonstrates that this relational character can be existentially updated by fulfilling three pious acts: those of fast, alms, and prayer. While shaping the Christian spirituality, these acts can concurrently become a convincing sign of the authenticity of Christianity as well as a way of rebuilding man’s relation with the world of matter, with other people, and with God Himself.
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