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Studia Psychologica
|
2004
|
tom 46
|
nr 4
259-264
EN
Acceptance of an individual by another person is incontestably a condition for establishing an interpersonal relationship, set up for one's own personal self-realization and the social process. The capacity for affiliation, for establishing emotional and social contacts in the social process decides on the quality of relations, their axial arrangement and their meaningfulness. A man's acceptance and affiliation define, right at the beginning of his existence, the space required for his life and self-realization, or rejection and destruction. As acceptance and affiliation are basic expressions of freedom, they carry not only a social, but also an ethical significance.
2
Content available remote INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS IN THE WORLD OF EXILES: AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
100%
EN
In the years 2002-2005 the auithoress pursued a research project with main aim to collect autobiographical narratives from people sentenced during the period 1940-1941 to detention in various parts of the USSR. These people belong to a historical community of many thousand of Polish exiles to the East and are referred to, in accordance with a national linguistic and cultural tradition, as Siberian deportees. She conducted her research in the area of Lódz and its immediate vicinity. The article aims to elaborate one of the most important issues in the stories collected, namely the problem of interpersonal relations in the world of exiles; their form, character, their variable dynamics and their influence on her interviewees' deportation biographies. Having chosen an anthropological point of view, the authoress is not interested in objective facts and events from the past recorded in autobiographical narratives of Siberian deportees but in their own, deeply subjective views and ideas from their lives in exile. From the studies carried out it has become clear that interpersonal relations were vital for survival in the period of exile. At the same time, family relationships were the most important, closely followed by those between friends, acquaintances and neighbours. These relations did not restrict themselves only to people coming from the resettled community circle but often included also people of diffrent nationalities or religions, met in the 'inhuman land'.
EN
The aim of this article is the presentation of one of the tools of personnel management - the staff opinion survey. The example used by the authoress is an opinion survey conducted on a hospital in the town of Tarnów. The assumption behind the opinion survey (also known as a satisfaction study) is the evaluation by the employed staff of actions undertaken by the company management, a diagnosis of the level of satisfaction, and an assessment of the organizational climate. It is a simple way to collect information on various aspects of business management from the company's most precious resource - its employees.
EN
The article discusses the problem of the doctor-patient privilege in the work of the family psychologist. A considerable number of psychological studies, also ones conducted by the author of the present article, clearly indicate that confidentiality is the most often occurring problem in the psychologist's professional work, as well as the one that is the most difficult to solve. It seems that for a psychologist, especially a family psychologist, not only constant work on raising professional qualifications, but work on formation of one's own moral level is important. In the first part the very concept of secrecy is subjected to an academic reflection; first in the aspect of the definition, and then with respect to the range and specificity of the privilege. The second part of the article is concerned with the doctor-patient privilege of the family psychologist in two aspects. The first one is defining and presenting the fundamental properties of the family system, and the second one is analysis of the specificity of the work of the family psychologist in the context of the doctor-patient privilege.
EN
The main objective of the study was to observe how two personality factors: the strength of the basic hope, and the level of self-esteem, as well as a character of social bonds between the partners, relate to the characteristics of experiencing gratefulness. 80 participants were asked to recollect memories of events, where other person helped them or presented another positive behavior toward them. Then they have described their experience of gratefulness, and the context of it, by filling a questionnaire prepared for this study. Different kinds of social relationships have to be taken into account when answering the questionnaire. The have also filled a questionnaires measuring the strength of basic hope and the level of self-esteem. The results indicate that the strength of basic hope correlates positively with the quality of gratefulness and with variety of situations in which this feeling is evoked. The feeling of the gratefulness is more intense within a community-like relationships (e.g. between friends or romantic partners) than in exchange-based relationships (e.g. between colleagues or incidental partners). There is no data supporting hypothesis about the self-esteem level as a factor in gratefulness experience. These results, taken together with data from other recent studies, suggest that the strength of basic hope (a belief in two characteristics of the world - its higher sense and positivity toward human beings, see: Erikson, 1963), plays an important role in social interactions and in building the social bonds.
EN
This article is an attempt of analysis of interpersonal relations established during the journey of Polish exiles to the Soviet Union. The analysis is based on twenty three narratives, published in periodicals entitled We, Sibiryaks, The Exile and in a book entitled Memoirs of Siberian Exiles. Mentioned narratives have been written many years after a return from the exile and are certainly incomplete, full of blanks and mistakes. It also has to be highlighted that all these memoirs come from different levels of memory. The narratives are built from autobiographical experiences as well as other people's tales and various sources associated with Polish exiles in Siberia such as literature, history and medial records. It is quite possible these memoirs were intentionally and consciously 'edited' to make narrative more interesting and attractive or to keep some information away from the reader (embarrassing or intimate issues). The author doesn't look at the collected materials through historical lenses, but from the point of view of Cultural Anthropologist. The analysis reveals that interpersonal relations during the transport to the USSR had various character. Such factors as: love, sympathy, solidarity, esteem, devotion and sense of mutual misfortune forced people to help and to support each other. On the other hand, bad living conditions in over-populated cattle carriages, the lack of personal, intimate space, constant and unwanted contact with others - made people feel traumatic and stressful.
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