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Content available Konstrukce s velkým K
The Construction ‘x… with a Capital X’
Content available Konstrukce then v matematickém textu
The paper explores the possibilities for constructional analysis of functions of a word in a specific text type. Five constructions of the word then found in a corpus of mathematical university textbooks are described in detail: logical then, hypothetical conditional then, temporal then, resultative then, and summarising then. While this is not meant to be an exhaustive list of constructions of then, it is apparent from the results of the analysis that the constructional perspective offers more precise information on the use of then in mathematical texts.
Content available remote Dvě relativizační strategie v češtině : konstrukčněgramatický přístup
The article presents a constructional analysis of a subgroup of Czech relative clauses (namely, those with the absolutive relativizer co), addressing specifically the question of the presence vs absence of the accusative resumptive pronoun in these clauses. Based on an earlier analysis of relevant corpus data concerning the differences in distribution (Fried, 2010), we now concentrate on the constructional status of these patterns, with partial reference to other subtypes of the absolutive relative clauses. Using the tools of Construction Grammar and exploring the notion of constructional maps, we propose organizing these patterns in a network of related constructions with shared as well as distinct characteristics; the network is further mapped onto a particular functional space. One of the advantages of such a representation consists in its ability to include minority configurations, transitions from one pattern to another, and, in general, any areas of categorial fluidity.
The paper notes that while grammars and other linguistic works assume that not precedes the infinitive marker to in English, one can quite often encounter the reverse ordering, to not. The second section provides an overview of the relevant literature. The third section compares spoken data from the British National Corpus and the Spoken BNC2014, and analyzes the written data from the Corpus of Historical American English, concluding that the frequency of to not (relative to not to) has indeed been rising significantly in recent decades. The fourth section attempts to identify some factors underlying this change, most importantly chunking and potential semantic differentiation. It is suggested that chunking might be an especially important factor affecting the change, but further analysis is needed, relying on more advanced statistical methods.
The paper presents a review of principles and applicability of collostructional analysis — a cluster of corpus methods developed by Anatol Stefanowitsch and Stefan Th. Gries since 2003. Collostructional analysis measures the strength of association by which lexemes are attracted to a particular position in a construction. It derives from the Construction Grammar concept of construction as conventionalized pairing of form and meaning. Collostructional analysis allows for systematic measurements of the degree of conventionalization of constructions. The paper introduces various types of collostructional analysis and provides an overview of research areas where collostructional analysis has been employed. It concludes with a case showing how collostructional analysis can be applied to the description of Czech.
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