In 2015, we remember the 120th anniversary of the Czech-Slavic Ethnographic Exhibition which was held in Prague between 15th May and the 31st October 1895. The Czech-Slavic Ethnographic Exhibition played a significant role in the formation of stage folklorism – a cultural and social phenomenon introduced with its new functions at the Exhibition. These included national defence, collective integration and art. The efforts were to show at the Ethnographic Exhibition the “real” life of the folk, especially its customs, habits, feasts, music, dance etc. They came to a head at ethnographic festivities the largest from which – The Moravian Days – took place from 15th to 21st August 1895. It demonstrated both the annual cycle (Little Queen processions, the Ride of the Kings) and the customs associated with farming (Harvest Thanksgiving, gathering of flax spinners). The performers were active bearers of folklore traditions – these were village groups which – if needed - were set together by local amateur ethnographers – teachers, priests, students and local intelligentsia. Folklore expressions presented at the Exhibition fulfilled the criteria which were defined for so-called folklorism later – a conscious and intentional care of folklore and cultivation of folk culture in modern society whose integral part folklorism became.