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EN
My paper examines similarities between Emily Dickinson’s and Halina Poświatowska’s poetic representations of mental processes connected with illness and suffering. As they both struggled with physical or mental illnesses, that is Dickinson’s eye problems, agoraphobia or epilepsy and Poświatowska’s serious heart disease, their poems are riddled with the themes of illness, suffering and death. Their striking metaphors explore the brain function and its disintegration, for example, in poems such as: “I felt a funeral, in my Brain,” “I felt a Cleaving in my Mind / As if my Brain had split –” and “My Brain – begun to laugh –” (Dickinson’s J280, J937, J410) or “brain – a metal box / wound up every day / with the silver key of illusion” and “my house is now filled with pitfalls / better stay away from my house / my lips are there red as memory / and my arms – animals with spry fur […] and the whole room is chilled with fear / and dark with desire” (Poświatowska’s translations, Indeed I love, 187, 198). Brain, mind and body depicted in their poems have qualities of a container, a room or a house. The speaker becomes a prisoner haunted by her own thoughts and feelings.
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Content available Nie-poetyka, czyli w stronę paratopiczności
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EN
Poetics proposed by structuralists at its best did not respect its own premises in a dogmatic manner. It profited knowledge that today’s Theory (or so-called Post-Theory) considers helpful while dealing with the text. Unlike approaches held on metodologically narrow perspective, the heterogenic Post-Theory has a capacity for the reneval because it pays due regard to the consideration of paratopia of literaty text. It often happens that post-Theory is accused of obscurity and hermeticism, but „ignotum per ignotum, obscurum per obscurum rhetorics” is not always a vice, sometimes it seeks to respect the mystery of the text and its secret language.
3
Content available Szkic o współczesnej narratologii
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EN
The article discusses the issues of contemporary narratology. The author assumes that narratology is inextricably linked to poetics and rhetoric. The object of narratology is cultural space, which is created by texts in a particular rhetorical modality. However, its reflections includes subjects such as communication strategies and discursive practices. Each narrative discourse involves combining referential and communication events. According to the author, such a view of contemporary narratology opens up a number of new interpretation possibilities.
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Content available Poetyka (w) przyszłości
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EN
The given article is an introduction to the discussion devoted to poetics as a literary discipline as well as a subject of university and school teaching. It includes an attempt to order the issues connected with the philosophical foundations of the discipline, its competences and opportunities for development, its limits and constraints, its status among other literary disciplines and its functional dimension. Moreover, the authors of the article underline the ability of poetics to cover the continuously growing spectrum of literary and non-literary phenomena and to express an individual reading experience. The authors also take a look at the range of terms and categories of which poetics makes use. The given deliberations are to invite to reflection on the state of poetics in the contemporary literary studies.
PL
Artykuł stanowi wprowadzenie do dyskusji poświęconej stanowi poetyki jako dyscypliny literaturoznawczej, a także jako przedmiotu dydaktyki akademickiej i szkolnej. Zawiera próbę uporządkowania zagadnień związanych z filozoficznymi podstawami tej dyscypliny, jej kompetencjami i możliwościami rozwoju, jej granicami i ograniczeniami, jej statusem w obrębie innych dyscyplin literaturoznawczych oraz jej wymiarem funkcjonalnym. Autorzy artykułu zwracają ponadto uwagę na zdolność poetyki do ogarniania stale rosnącego spektrum zjawisk literackich i pozaliterackich oraz wyrażania indywidualnego doświadczenia lekturowego, przyglądają się także repertuarowi pojęć i kategorii, którymi się posługuje. Przedstawione tu rozważania są wstępem do refleksji nad stanem poetyki we współczesnym literaturoznawstwie. Dyskusja na ten temat została zaprezentowana w czasopiśmie "Tematy i Konteksty" 2013, nr 3 (8).
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Content available Życie pośmiertne poetyki
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EN
The article presents the contemporary debates concerning poetics, the heritage of structuralism, as well as the new research areas. It compiles some of the fundamental arguments against poetics in its traditional sense, as well as attempts to analyse and problematise them. In its concluding part, the author postulates adopting a changed attitude towards the current terminology, including social aspects in the study of poetics, as well as maintaining a multidimensional development of the discipline.
PL
Artykuł stanowi omówienie współczesnych dyskusji, które toczą się wokół poetyki, dziedzictwa strukturalizmu oraz nowych kierunków badawczych. Stanowi zestawienie najważniejszych argumentów przeciw tradycyjnie pojmowanej poetyce – i próbę ich rozważenia oraz sproblematyzowania. Konkluzję stanowią propozycje dotyczące zmiany podejścia do zastanej terminologii, rozszerzenia zadań poetyki o aspekty praktyczne, a także zachowania wielotorowego rozwoju dziedziny.
Stylistyka
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2009
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tom 18
179-202
PL
The article shows how Kazimiera llłakowiczówna creates unreal worlds in her work. One can observe the creation process on several levels: title, description of characters and the whole text understood as a complete, specific picture of the unreal world.Poetical conceptualization of unreal worlds is based on many complex semantic and cultural associations of the words, ideas and symbols. It is connected with various types of composition and stylistic forms. The poet is very sensible with the language and its po- tential, uses it with consideration and great subtleness.
EN
The aim of the paper is to discuss the cognitive approach to metaphor launched by Lakoff and Johnson, which turns out to be also the key question to the problem of intersubjective communicability of literary work. Based on this approach, the literature can simply be considered a kind of language using spatial metaphors with additional emotional content.
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Content available The Afterlife of Poetics
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EN
The article presents contemporary debates concerning poetics, the heritage of structuralism as well as new research areas. It presents some of the fundamental arguments against poetics in its traditional sense and attempts to analyse and problematize them. In conclusion, the author postulates adopting a changed attitude towards the current terminology, including practical aspects in the study of poetics and also maintaining a multidimensional development of the discipline.
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Content available Poetics Then and Now
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EN
The meaning of the word “poetics,” as derived from Aristotle’s understanding given in Poetics, points to the ways of creating verbal works, their components and connections as well as the formation of utterances. Poetics presents a fundamental set of terms referring to a literary work, which are still used and, in fact, are indispensable in all areas of contemporary literary, as well as cultural studies. Due to the changes in the field of literature itself, this set of terms and notions is constantly being updated, and it is still open in terms of both its components and their senses. It constitutes a conceptual framework, some elements of which are universal and operational in nature, and some connected with a particular cognitive horizon and a certain way of perceiving and understanding literature. Poetics is not a permanent theoretical model of literariness, nor is it a set of instructions determining theinterpretation of a literary work. It aims at establishing certain testable tools which are indispensable not only in literary studies, but also in studying all other forms having a semiotic content (intersemiotic poetics). For this reason, certain basic terms and notions applied in poetics can be seen as important epistemological categories through which the human mind perceives the world.
EN
In the paper Yaroslava Konieva considers one of the most important categories of the folklore text poetics – the artistic spaces from the point of view of semiotic cultural anthropology. The author distinguishes sacral-mythological, magic and mythological artistic spaces.
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Content available Figury nieobecności / Retoryka pustki
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EN
The paper analyzes the figures of absence, connected with both the rhetoric of emptiness and poetics of disappearance. It is moreover an attempt to classify the discursive techniques that aim to represent the textual “gone” (places that no longer exist, were destroyed, and those in which the subject is present no more). Attention is also devoted to performative dimension of writing, which produces the emptiness and, in this production, fills the void and introduces it into cultural network. The article explores literary examples from the 20th and 21st centuries.
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Content available Poetyki miejskie – rekodyfikacja
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EN
The paper is a critical review of the book entitled New Urban Poetics (ed. M. Roszczynialska, K. Wądolny-Tatar, Kraków 2015), which, in the author’s opinion, is a valuable source of new interpretative concepts in the field of geopoetics and ‘philological branch’ of urban studies. The book is a result of a conference held in Kraków in the autumn of 2013. It provides an overview of new theoretical ideas and analyses of contemporary Polish literary works, which can be considered as a reflection of the current condition of Polish geopoetics, as well as an inspiration for the upcoming projects.
EN
The present article is a result of a research on the poetics of Boris Poplavsky and the observation accomplished in the subsequent poetic work of Boris Poplavsky.of the development of his poetics in time. The subjects of this research were two volumes of verse: From a Garland of Wax, containing the earliest poems of the poet written in the years 1922-1930 and Flags containing poems written in the years 1923-1930. During the research on both volumes of verse a quantitative-qualitative method of analysis was used, thanks to which we defined the parameters of Boris Poplavsky’s poetics „in its pure form”, i.e. without taking into account his biography. Furthermore, we showed similarities between both texts and marked out the way of the evolution accomplished in the subsequent poetic work of Boris Poplavsky.
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Content available Formy tekstowości w grach wideo
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EN
Reviewed book: Piotr Kubiński, Gry wideo: Zarys poetyki, Kraków: Universitas 2016, ISBN: 97883-242-2788-4
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Content available remote Przed czym poetykę ratuje doświadczenie? Wstępne rozpoznania
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EN
The author analyzes the methods and rules of posing problems and finding answers in selected texts of Polish literature scholars who have devoted some thought to the place of poetics in contemporary literature studies discourse, and demonstrates that the category of experience may provide a way out of the Post-Structuralist impasse.
PL
Autorka analizuje metody i reguły stawiania problemów i odnajdywania odpowiedzi w wybranych tekstach polskich literaturoznawców, którzy podejmują refleksję nad miejscem poetyki we współczesnym dyskursie literaturoznawczym i pokazuje, że wyjściem z poststrukturalistycznego impasu stać się może kategoria doświadczenia.
EN
The text traces the author’s own theoretical inquiries about the function of the poem as an aesthetic object functioning in contemporary environments, fromthe earlier concept of “a poem as a speaking organism” to the contemporary slightly modified version of this idea. The modification corresponds with the remarks made by Andrzej Sosnowski who perceives contemporary poetry as the source of a negative and impenetrable performance permanently separated from the fallen world of the society. Moving from the theory of the poem as the „speaking organism” and discussing selected poems by American poets as well as his own, the author tries to develop such a concept which would enable him to protect the critical autonomy of poetry placed within the material and “contaminated” (Sosnowski’s notion) world. This new concept of the poem departs from the theory of an acute material outline and favours the critical re-conceptualizing processes which, according to the author, should occur in the contemporary poem. Such a poem is named by the author “a formal multiply field.”
EN
This contribution is focused on the specific reflection of the theme (aging) in Milan Kundera’s and Bohumil Hrabal’s work. During the reflection on their poetics and pursuit of its evolving, we can see to what extent the aging (or youth) is a function of literature. Literature and life are distinguished by the opposite characteristics which lead us to consideration that literature provides anchor for life. Literature is eternal youth of irrecoverably disappearing life.
CS
Témou príspevku je špecifické zmocňovanie sa tématiky staroby u Milana Kunderu aBohumila Hrabala. Pri reflexii ich poetiky a pri sledovaní ich vývoja sa ukazuje, nakoľko je staroba (či mladosť) funkciou literatúry. Literatúra a život sa vyznačujú opačnými charakteristikami, ktoré nás privádzajú k úvahám, že práve literatúra poskytuje životu ukotvenie. Literatúra je večnou mladosťou nenávratne miznúceho života.
EN
The article discusses the semiotic parameters of the locus of the study room in the Russian novel from the second half of the 19th century. It outlines the socio-cultural context that makes this locus topical in the works of the Russian novelists from the epoch after the reforms. The given examples of presence of the study room in the novels of I. Turgenev, I. Goncharov, F. Dostoevsky and L. Tolstoy are interpreted in several principle aspects: – objects in the composition and its selection – the relation character – material detail – semantic transformations and their motivation.
EN
The article discusses the poetics of ‘word painting’ in the generic and stylistic development of historical prose: from Pushkin’s Peter the Great’s Negro (1829) to Tolstoy’s novel Peter the Great (1930–1945). It is revealed that ‘verbal art’, along with ‘Walter Scott’s’ type of description of the epoch, functioned in novelistic texts as the most productive means of expression for artistic historicism. The opposition between this method of representation and that of static historical description – as in the ‘boyar chapters’ of Peter the Great’s Negro – is explained. It was this that may have caused the breach in the stylistic integrity of the novel and determined the incompleteness of its conception and realization. In their dynamic presentation of the life in ‘Peter’s Russia’, both Pushkin and Tolstoy blend antithetic techniques: viewing reality from a historical distance – with a direct vision of phenomena, generalizing historical and philosophic formulas – with objectified specificity of visual expression. With the help of the ‘verbal-art’ methods, an insight into the epoch is made possible by combining points of view and showing an image from varied angles. This serves achieving an artistic effect defined by Aleksei Tolstoy as ‘contemplation through somebody else’s eyes’, which illustrates the problem of ‘varying scale’ in presenting the era as having its own artistic significance.
20
Content available remote The Prague School on a global scale  : a Coup d’œil from the East
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EN
This essay compares the evolution of the “Prague doctrine” described in Ondřej Sládek’s The Metamorphoses of Prague School Structural Poetics (2015) with similar developments in literary theory in Eastern Europe (from Russian formalism to the Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics). The author proposes a transnational approach to the study of the typology and history of literary theories and outlines, in partial agreement with Sládek, several cross-cultural transfers of theoretical concepts and research tools from linguistics to literary theory and structural anthropology and further to semiotics and cultural studies. As an addition to Sládek’s overview of the evolution of structural poetics, this essay points to facts that serve as evidence for a parallel, sometimes interrelated, development of structural poetics and cultural semiotics in the former Czechoslovakia and the former Soviet Union. The author also addresses the issue of the (inter)national character of academic work and the ontological status of terms such as the “French”, “Russian”, “Estonian” and “Czech theories”.
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