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In the years 2002-2005 the auithoress pursued a research project with main aim to collect autobiographical narratives from people sentenced during the period 1940-1941 to detention in various parts of the USSR. These people belong to a historical community of many thousand of Polish exiles to the East and are referred to, in accordance with a national linguistic and cultural tradition, as Siberian deportees. She conducted her research in the area of Lódz and its immediate vicinity. The article aims to elaborate one of the most important issues in the stories collected, namely the problem of interpersonal relations in the world of exiles; their form, character, their variable dynamics and their influence on her interviewees' deportation biographies. Having chosen an anthropological point of view, the authoress is not interested in objective facts and events from the past recorded in autobiographical narratives of Siberian deportees but in their own, deeply subjective views and ideas from their lives in exile. From the studies carried out it has become clear that interpersonal relations were vital for survival in the period of exile. At the same time, family relationships were the most important, closely followed by those between friends, acquaintances and neighbours. These relations did not restrict themselves only to people coming from the resettled community circle but often included also people of diffrent nationalities or religions, met in the 'inhuman land'.
This article is an attempt of analysis of interpersonal relations established during the journey of Polish exiles to the Soviet Union. The analysis is based on twenty three narratives, published in periodicals entitled We, Sibiryaks, The Exile and in a book entitled Memoirs of Siberian Exiles. Mentioned narratives have been written many years after a return from the exile and are certainly incomplete, full of blanks and mistakes. It also has to be highlighted that all these memoirs come from different levels of memory. The narratives are built from autobiographical experiences as well as other people's tales and various sources associated with Polish exiles in Siberia such as literature, history and medial records. It is quite possible these memoirs were intentionally and consciously 'edited' to make narrative more interesting and attractive or to keep some information away from the reader (embarrassing or intimate issues). The author doesn't look at the collected materials through historical lenses, but from the point of view of Cultural Anthropologist. The analysis reveals that interpersonal relations during the transport to the USSR had various character. Such factors as: love, sympathy, solidarity, esteem, devotion and sense of mutual misfortune forced people to help and to support each other. On the other hand, bad living conditions in over-populated cattle carriages, the lack of personal, intimate space, constant and unwanted contact with others - made people feel traumatic and stressful.
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