The study presents the economic an social situation of the Hungarian university lecturers and researchers from Cluj in 2002. The author examines the economic and social differentiation of the Hungarian university lecturers and researchers from Cluj through a model that contains six classes. These classes are: upper class, upper-middle class, middle class, under-middle class, working class and underclass. The empirical data demonstrate that the financial situation of the Hungarian university lecturers and researchers from Cluj is better than that of the most Hungarians in Romania and the Romanian society in general, and they are aware of this fact. However, this middle strata is not a homogenous one. The survey demonstrates that there is a relationship between the occupational position of the interviewed person and his economic situation, but there is no direct relationship between the social origin and the economic situation. There is, however, a tendency according to which those individuals whose parents belonged to the upper and upper-middle class would themselves, too, belong to the upper or upper-middle class, while only half of the persons belonging to the middle and lower-middle class had parents belonging to the upper or upper-middle class.