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1
Content available remote Mickiewicz, wspólnota, historia
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EN
This article reinterprets legends and literary-historical disputes having accrued around Mickiewicz. The transformation of the Mickiewicz of the former half of 19th century into the one of posterity is shown, along with contexts (including post-modern ones) facilitating re-comprehension of the basic categories of the poet's output.
EN
In the interview entitled 'The prospects of research on Polish philosophical thought', professor Stanislaw Borzym, head of the department of modern and contemporary philosophy at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Science, speaks about the place of Polish philosophy in the scientific and intellectual life of Europe. He points out the importance of national self-knowledge, for which the construction of an ambitious educational program is indispensable, taking into account both philosophical research carried out in the world in general and native philosophy. According to him, there are three levels of research: history of philosophy sensu stricto, the history of ideas with a predominant philosophical factor and philosophical history without this factor. In his opinion the following problems can turn out to be important for Polish philosophical thought: calling more careful attention to axiological issues on the border of philosophical and political thought, research about the philosophical ambitions of Polish scientists and scholars, as well as the relation between outlook on life and philosophical convictions in the works of Polish writers, poets, and people of the arts. All of this must happen in an intellectual atmosphere of freedom and responsibility for the task entrusted to philosophers.
EN
The main thesis of this article is that thinking about man is rooted in the conception of human nature. From the perspective of the history of ideas, it is clear not only that the nature of man is intertwined with history but that the reaction of the 'essentialist' conception of man was and continues to be stronger than history. The best evidence of this is the discourse on man present in the legacy of Leszek Kolakowski. Kolakowski's faith in Reason and in Man already manifested itself in his 'Individual and Infinity: Freedom and Antinomies of Freedom in the Philosophy of Spinoza', published in 1958. There he sided with the 'figure of lone emancipation' - meaning the individual autonomy granted in Reason. Despite various intellectual tempests, he would remain faithful to that figure. The allure and magnetism of the works of Leszek Kolakowski lie, above all, in the fact that they not only constitute solid and interesting treatises in the field of the history of ideas, but that they are also motivating and inspiring commentaries on contemporary times. It is precisely in the context of those 'figures of lone emancipation' that the concept of the absolute (as is the case with several other philosophical categories) is tantamount to a concept burdened by internal contradiction. As such, it cannot comprise the foundation for anything indubitable; the paradox of relativists and advocates of the absolute stems from the belief that relativists are right for absolutist reasons'.
4
Content available remote DECORUM. AN ANCIENT IDEA FOR EVERYDAY AESTHETICS?
100%
ESPES
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2021
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tom 10
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nr 2
25 - 38
EN
Everyday Aesthetics was born in the 21st century as a sub-discipline of Anglo-American Aesthetics and it has spread in the international debate. However, the contribution of historical perspective has not properly explored yet. Is it possible to trace the history of everyday aesthetics before the official birth of this discipline? I will try and give an affirmative answer by focusing on an exemplary category: that of the decorum. Using the history of ideas, I will analyse the Greek concept of prepon and the similar Latin concepts of decorum which express the idea of ‘convenience’ or ‘fitness to purpose’ in the ethical and rhetorical sphere. Later I will analyse the evolution of the concept of decorum in the theory of ancient and Renaissance architecture (Vitruvius, Leon Battista Alberti). My goal is to demonstrate that in Ancient and Renaissance culture decorum is a category that refers to the objects and practices of everyday life but also a principle that regulates appropriate behaviour in the sphere of good manners. Consequently, given its pervasiveness in the different areas of everyday life, the concept of decorum can be a paradigmatic example to trace the history of everyday aesthetics.
EN
The paper, which was originally a talk at a conference in November 1974, is an attempt at a problematization of a tension at the crossroads of the history of literature and the history of ideas. The authoress focuses on demonstrating the antagonism of these disciplines, especially across time. She makes an assumption that a work of art, the source for the history of literature, is the expression of incommunicable reality that it tries to communicate. Any interpretation of a work of art, even a successful one, affirms only itself and shows that the work is beyond the grasp of it. The history of ideas can not be of help in understanding of literature, as the truth inherent in art remains unreachable for ideas. The unit of time in the history of literature is different than in the realm of ideas. The time of ideas is simply the historical time, understood as 'the long duration.' The time of literature is composed of 'events,' 'personalities,' 'works,' especially masterpieces. Besides, as an indispensable feature of literature at the forefront we see the esthetical or artistic organization of the work of art; what is important is the innovation and the point of view of the work, or its idiolect.
EN
The article addresses the most general questions of contemporary linguistic historiography, with special interest devoted to pre-19th century development and the historiography of Czech linguistics. Starting with some preliminary comments on the basic terminology, it successively deals with the problems of the incorporation of Czech historiographic work into the European context, recent methodological debates, the relationships of the historiography of linguistics to other scientific disciplines, the motivation and goals of such research and the necessary intellectual equipment for a historiographer. Finally, it discusses the most urgent tasks of Czech linguistic historiography.
7
Content available O interdyscyplinarności komparatystyki
75%
PL
The paper is concerned with the theory of comparative studies, addressing the basic ways in which interdisciplinarity of comparative studies is construed (including both the object of comparative studies as well as the methodology), with particular consideration given to the correspondence of arts.   The condition that comparative studies have to meet so as to retain its integrity as a discipline and avoid falling into dangerous amorphism is to recognise that literature must remain a constant element in the comparison.
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