Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Lata help
Autorzy help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 925

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 47 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  religion
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 47 next fast forward last
1
100%
EN
Joseph Ratzinger, chosen for the See of Peter 19 April 2005, after three years of papal ministry, may be, in my opinion, considered a worthy continuator of John Paul’s II mission, the latter described as the Human Rights Pope due to his activities in the field. The main goal of this essay is to analyze Benedict XVI’s most characteristic practices and texts, which directly refer to the issue of human rights, especially in the context of respect for and protection of human rights. The next aim is to show the contexts in which John Paul II’s great friend invokes or refers to the legacy of his eminent predecessor and to demonstrate the differences between John Paul II and Benedict XVI’s perception of the significance of human rights in the lives of contemporary societies.
2
100%
EN
The article reviews the book Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon, by Daniel C. Dennett.
EN
Religious crises are a kind of psychological crises associated with the process of personality development. Authors dealing with religious crisis, in place of this term often applies the concept of conversion or doubt. The term is ambiguous and there is not finally define. Different authors to the religious crisis approach in two ways: Some are discussing this phenomenon more structurally, others describe them more in the context of development. The most comprehensive description of conversion we find on William James. As a scientist dealing with religion, James believed, that you can supernatural made make it more clear and you can try to interpret it psychologically. Given the different understanding of the religious crisis show multiple attempts to describe this phenomenon. All authors we see common elements like: a gradual or sudden, perceptible change in the religious life of the unit, annoying State of emotional tension and doubts in the field of religion. Crisis can end up positively, It means the unit enters the taller, darker level of faith, or can end up adversely, It means the person will go away from the faith completely or become agnostic.
PL
Opisać coś słowami w pełni? Na ogół wystarczy opisywać w takim stopniu, w jakim jest to potrzebne do porozumienia. Bóg jest całkowicie nieuchwytny. Nieskończoność jest częściowo nieuchwytna. I nawet liczby naturalne. Także przeczucia, nadzieje, atmosfera. Choć coś się da wyrazić, wiele aspektów pozostaje niemożliwe do uchwycenia. Jest tak nawet wtedy, gdy ograniczmy się do spraw dobrze znanych wszystkim wokół nas i, jak można sądzić, przez wszystkich przeżywanych tak samo lub co najmniej bardzo podobnie. Mój przykład dotyczy jednego z najbanalniejszych naszych zachowań: mówienia „dzień dobry” na górskim szlaku. Jeśli mam rację, to w sposób nieunikniony pojawia się swoista „antropologia apofatyczna”: człowieka i sprawy ludzkie odczuwamy, nie różniąc się między sobą – jeśli nie w ogóle w odniesieniu do wszystkich ludzi, to co najmniej w przyjętej grupie odniesienia – ale nie potrafimy tego opisać.
EN
Describe something comprehensively with words? As a rule, it suffices to describe to a degree necessary for understanding. God is totally elusive. Infinity is partly so, and the same is even true of natural numbers, premonitions, hopes, and atmosphere. Even if something can be expressed it is still impossible to grasp numerous aspects. This is even the case when we limit ourselves to issues well known to everyone around us and, resumably, experienced by all in the same way or at the very least extremely similarly. My example pertains to one of the most banal forms of our behaviour: saying “good day” to others on a mountain trail. If I am correct, then there unavoidably appears a sui generis ”apophatic anthropology”: we experience man and human issues without differing among each other – if not in reference to all people then at least to an accepted group – but are incapable of describing this.
5
Content available remote Review: "Religia i prawda," by Piotr Moskal
100%
EN
The article reviews the book Religia i prawda [Religion and Truth], by Piotr Moskal.
EN
Using the example of several (South) Bohemian sites, this study raises the question of whether enlightenment interference in popular religiosity was a new and different type of regulation of popular religious practice to that predating 1750. In canonical visitations in particular the author observes both the endeavours of priests to effect a prohibition or eradication of individual religious customs and traditional local practices, described most frequently as „abuses“ („Missbrauch“, „abusus“). Th e article then focuses on the eff ects of two reforms in the latter half of the 18th century: the reduction in the number of religious hollydays in 1753/54 and the prohibition of bell-ringing to ward off storms and dark clouds in 1783. These reforms took place on a nationwide basis, borne along by ideas of (economic) effi ciency, utilitarianism and protection of the population. Failure to respect these prohibitions was an off ence and so the lower municipal and seignorial authorities classifi ed such behaviour as „irrational“ and „prejudices“, thereby reducing the potential guilt of their subjects. Both before and after 1750, these subjects generally refused to give way to the collective demand for the disposal of funds and mediation of salvation and holiness; the traditional method of protecting crops from bad weather with bells was evidently of such importance to them that they were willing to risk repeated prosecutions. Hence enlightenment reforms of popular religiosity came up against obvious limitations at least up to the end of the 18th century.
CS
Na příkladu několika (jiho)českých lokalit si studie klade otázku, zda osvícenské zásahy do lidové religiozity představovaly odlišný, nový typ regulace lidové náboženské praxe než ty před rokem 1750. Zejména v kanonických vizitacích sleduje autor jednak snahu farářů dosáhnout zákazu či vykořenění jednotlivých religiózních zvyků a místních tradičních praxí, označovaných nejčastěji jako „nešvar“ („Missbrauch“, „abusus“). V druhé polovině 18. století se pak článek soustřeďuje na dopady dvou reforem, redukce svátků v letech 1753/54 a zákazu zvonění na mračna/proti bouřkám z roku 1783. Tyto reformy měly celozemský rámec a byly neseny ideami (hospodářské) efektivity a užitečnosti, resp. ochrany obyvatelstva. Nedodržování těchto zákazů bylo deliktem, proto zejm. nižší, městské a vrchnostenské úřady klasifikovaly toto jednání jako „neracionální“ „předsudky“, čímž snižovaly potenciální vinu poddaných. Poddaní se obecně, před rokem 1750 i po něm, odmítali vzdát kolektivního nároku na dispozici s prostředky a zprostředkovateli spásy/posvátna; tradiční způsob ochrany úrody před nečasem pomocí zvonů pro ně měl zřejmě takovou důležitost, že byli ochotni riskovat opakované postihy. Osvícenské reformy lidové religiozity tak přinejmenším do konce 18. století narážely na zřetelné limity.
7
Content available remote Internet and Religion
85%
PL
This article includes deliberations on a few significant issues concerning the relationship between the Internet and religion. According to these deliberations, every fourth respondent among secondary school students (25.6%) searched for some forms of religious activity within the last six months before the sociological research, especially from among deeply devout persons and regular churchgoers. The overwhelming majority of the surveyed was not interested in this new activity. The young people from secondary schools used the Internet to search for religious content to a limited extent. The researched secondary school students slightly more often informed about looking for religious content on YouTube, on parish, diocese or congregation websites, as well as Internet forums or chats, while the least often on pilgrimage office sites or religious community and organization portals. About every fifth of the respondents attending secondary school attached the same importance (as multiple index indicates) to religious activity in the virtual world as in the real world (from 31.0% to 7.0%). The highest index referred to Internet retreats and sermons, prayers online, virtual parish communities as well as Holy Masses and church services on the web.
8
Content available remote Hledání transcendence a autenticity v sekulárním věku
80%
EN
This review-study aims to present a critical exposition of the ground-breaking work in the study of secularisation, Charles Taylor's Secular Age. The study points to the links with Taylor's preceding work, Sources of the Self, which consist above all in the contrast between the porous self and the buffered self. It also presents Taylor's conception of secularisation: secularisation is not the retreat of religion from the public sphere, but the widening of the social process that makes it impossible for one world-view to make claim to a privileged status. The study also focuses on Taylor's rejection of modernity which, in the shape of a scientistic world-view and a universalistic morality understood as the hegemony of exclusively-human categories. In the context of this rejection, the article discusses Taylor's attempt to weaken the "hegemony of the human" by a relation to transcendence.
9
Content available remote Główne stanowiska w psychologii religii – wprowadzenie
80%
EN
This article aims to provide a synthetic interpretation of the problems of the psychology of religion (the tradition and the present). The author discusses three issues: the academic status of the psychology of religion (as a subdiscipline of general psychology), the main concepts of the psychology of religion (psychoanalytic, behaviouristic, humanistic, historical and cognitive) and sources of religious faith from a psychological viewpoint. The psychology of religion is a subdiscipline of general psychology, which deals with the analysis of individual religiosity. The individual is the subject who experiences the sacred. The phenomenon of religiousness is explicated by genetic theories (developmental psychology and evolutionary psychology, i.e., ontogenetic and phylogenetic approaches) and by functional theories (the role of religion in individual life). Religion can perform the following functions in the life of an individual: it can give deeper meaning to human existence, strengthen one’s sense of security, ease fears, create community bonds. Bahaviourism is based on the proposition that the human being is a passive respondent to environmental influences. According to psychoanalytic theory, the human being is affected by internal dynamic forces, such as instinctual drives or contradictory aspirations. The cognitive theory grants more autonomy to the human being who processes information creatively, acquires knowledge and reaches existential conclusions by him/herself. The atheist approach explains religiosity in terms of mental processes, without vertical references. The humanistic theory focuses on the aspiration of the human being to self-development, assumes the existence of progressive tendencies in spiritual, emotional, physical and intellectual development. It should be stressed that psychological perspectives do not settle ontological problems. Their authors ought to avoid questions concerning the real existence of the subject of religious relation and focus their attention on the human being and his/her psychological needs and experiences. These factors should be considered when the issue of individual religiousness is examined. In practice, numerous theoretical psychologists have entered the field of metaphysics, forming unauthorized judgements about the existence or non-existence of God. G. W. Allport claims that the psychology of religion cannot fully explain the complex phenomenon of individual religiosity. Taking into account philosophical and theological perspectives provides a chance to gain a complete and unreduced picture.
PL
Celem artykułu jest syntetyczne ujęcie przedmiotu i obszarów zainteresowań psychologii religii (tradycja i współczesność). Autorka omawia trzy zagadnienia: akademicki status psychologii religii, jako subdyscypliny psychologii ogólnej, najważniejsze koncepcje psychologii religii (psychoanalityczną, behawiorystyczną, humanistyczną, historyczną i kognitywistyczną) i psychologiczne ujęcie źródeł religijności. Psychologia religii jest subdyscypliną psychologii ogólnej, zajmującą się analizą indywidualnej religijności, podmiotową stroną przeżywania sacrum.Fenomen religijności eksplikowany jest poprzez teorie genetyczne (psychologia rozwojowa i ewolucyjna, czyli ujęcie ontogenetyczne i filogenetyczne) i funkcjonalne (rola religii w życiu jednostki). Wśród funkcji religii w życiu jednostki najczęściej wymienia się nadanie głębszego sensu egzystencji, wzmocnienie poczucia bezpieczeństwa, łagodzenie lęków, tworzenie więzi wspólnotowych. W behawioryzmie jednostka stanowi bierny obiekt oddziaływań środowiska zewnętrznego, w koncepcji psychoanalitycznej człowiekiem kierują wewnętrzne siły dynamiczne, jest on determinowany poprzez popędy, czasem sprzeczne dążenia. Można tu mówić o „klinicznym portrecie jednostki”. Koncepcja kognitywistyczna przyznaje więcej autonomii jednostce, która w sposób twórczy przetwarza informacje, zdobywa wiedzę, samodzielnie dochodzi do pewnych wniosków egzystencjalnych. W wersji ateistycznej religijność tłumaczy naturalnymi procesami umysłowymi, bez odniesień wertykalnych. Koncepcja humanistyczna uwzględnia dążenie człowieka do samorozwoju, zakłada istnienie progresywnych tendencji w zakresie rozwoju duchowego, emocjonalnego, fizycznego i umysłowego. Zaznaczyć wypada, że ujęcia psychologiczne nie rozstrzygają problemów ontologicznych, ich autorzy powinni unikać pytań o realne istnienie przedmiotu relacji religijnej. W centrum ich zainteresowania powinien pozostać człowiek, jego psychiczne potrzeby i przeżycia. W ich świetle rozpatrywany jest problem religijności jednostki. W praktyce wielu teoretyków-psychologów wkraczało na teren metafizyki, wydając nieuprawnione sądy dotyczące istnienia bądź nieistnienia Boga. G. W. Allport pisał, że psychologia religii nie jest w stanie w pełni wyjaśnić złożonego fenomenu religijności. Uwzględnienie filozoficznej i teologicznej perspektywy daje szansę uzyskania pogłębionego obrazu – nieredukcyjnego.
EN
Several decades ago Bergin promoted the then-controversial idea of considering religious values in psychotherapy. Much has changed in the intervening years; psychotherapists now have numerous resources available to help them in considering religious and spiritual issues in psychotherapy. In addition to considering values, we suggest there is a place to consider religious virtues in psychotherapy. Virtues are distinct from values in that the former assume a telos (created purpose or end). Whereas values focus on who we are, virtues also focus on who we are becoming. Using the three primary values from the Christian religion- faith, hope, and love-we illustrate how a virtue-based psychotherapy might consider the person of the psychotherapist and the transformational process of psychotherapy. In each case we offer potential research questions, as Bergin did in his landmark publication.
EN
I review changes in social trends, psychological science, psychotherapy practice, and theology- which have been so profound they have often seemed like revolutions-since the landmark publication by Allen E. Bergin, “Psychotherapy and Religious Values,” in 1980. I attempt to predict some current and future trends that will shape the practice and research in the treatment of religious people for psychological disorders, including theological changes toward more open theology, less doctrinally centered religions, more attention to individual spirituality, and more relational psychology and theology. In the field of psychotherapy research, efficacy studies are no longer the gold standard of research, replaced by large trials demonstrating effectiveness and dissemination. The expensive research required will likely cut the amount of research done on religiously and spiritually accommodated treatments; thus winnowing of treatments is likely in the future. Practitioners will need to become competent to counsel people using many religious and spiritual accommodations. I acknowledge that predicting the future accurately is at best tentative, and I urge that this be read with circumspection.
EN
Since the publication of Bergin’s classic 1980 paper “Psychotherapy and Religious Values” in the Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, an enormous amount of quality research has been conducted on the integration of religious and spiritual values and perspectives into the psychotherapy endeavor. Numerous empirical studies, chapters, books, blogs, and specialty organizations have emerged in the past 35 years that have helped researchers and clinicians alike come to appreciate the value of religion and spirituality in the psychotherapeutic process. While so much has been accomplished in this area of integration, so much more needs to occur in order for the psychotherapeutic world to benefit from the wisdom of the great religious and spiritual traditions and values. While state-of-the-art quality research has and continues to demonstrate how religious and spiritual practices and values can be used effectively to enhance the benefits of behavioral and psychological interventions, too often the field either gets overly focused on particular and perhaps trendy areas of interest (e.g., mindfulness) or fails to appreciate and incorporate the research evidence supporting (or not supporting) the use of certain religiously or spiritually informed assessments and interventions. The purpose of this article is to reflect on where the field integrating religion, spirituality and psychotherapy has evolved through the present and where it still needs to go in the future. In doing so I hope to reflect on the call for integration that Bergin highlights in his classic 1980 paper.
EN
The article is dedicated to the issue of magic and religion in the social reality of capitalism. The goal of the article is to present  examples proving that capitalism in various places (post-communist Central Europe, San Cristobal in the Mexican state of Chiapas, Colombian department Valle del Cauca, New York) and at various times (from the 1970s to the second decade of the 21st century) was associated with elements of religion and magic through social thinking and practice, and therefore elements of social reality. On the other hand, in the discourse, capitalism is often presented as a part of nature: the existence that acts objectively, like the laws of physics. In the article, this apparent contradiction is presented as a dialectical aspect of the present day, in which the discourse and social reality are complementary.
16
Content available WSPÓŁCZESNE OBLICZE POLSKIEGO PRAWOSŁAWIA
80%
EN
Nowadays, Polish Orthodox Church has the uniform oranizational and legal structure, transparent institutional dimension, its own specific character and tradition. It has also shaped an objective religious culture which for hundreds of years has been an integral part of the culture in Poland. The aim of this article is to demonstrate the broad dimension of the social and religious conditions of Polish Orthodox Church in the perspective of Polish society. On the basis of gathered research material it has been shown that the Polish Orthodox Church is characterized by a relatively strong differentiation, which often results in inconsistency of its image, as well as dim knowledge of the Orthodox society causes stereotypical and biased perception of the Orthodox Church and its members.
EN
In discussion upon the tasks of pedagogy it is necessary to underline that pedagogy with its reflection should be included in the integral development of a person. However, the problem is covered by the question concerning the real means for supporting the person that pedagogy possesses. The formation seems to be one of the real and crucial forms of the pedagogical support. We understand it, first of all, as inspiring the person's internal powers and abilities for undertaking an effort in responsible and harmonious functioning in the social life. We claim that the effect of the processes of formation is reflected in the achieved level of the person's spiritual (inner) development called the spirituality that refers to the concrete life style based on the nurtured traditions, promoted values, and attitudes taken in life.
EN
This paper analyzes the types of relationships which have been established between the Orthodox Romanian Church and the state starting with the 1866 Constitution. It critically assesses the theoretical model proposed by Pedro Ramet (1987) and reorganizes it applying its basic principles and its structure to the Romanian case study. Taking into consideration the various elements of the model, the study concludes that currently in spite of a delimitation of the religious sphere from the political one, in practice in post-communist Romania the connection between Church and state is much more blurred.
XX
I. Hodder, Probing religion at Catalhoyuk: An interdisciplinary experiment, [w:] Religion in the emergence of civilization: Catalhoyuk as a case study, red. I. Hodder, Cambridge 2010, s. 1–31.
EN
The article deals with Herman Lieberman’s views on religion, shown against the background of Polish socialists’ ideas. Although the question of attitude towards religion was only mentioned in socialist programmes, it was an important issue, which caused great controversy. Socialists supported division between the Church and state and argued that religion should be a private, personal matter. On the other hand, they eagerly used Christian ideas, adjusted to their own ideology, in the belief that they could find common ground with Christianity. It provoked arguments with the clergy, in the Polish case particularly with the Catholic hierarchy, who were certain that socialists’ ideas would lead to secularisation of society and would cause anxiety among the faithful. The churchmen strongly opposed against mixing socialism with Christianity and pointed out the fundamental differences between one another, which - according to them - were not possible to overcome or agree. The example of Herman Lieberman proves that particular cases were more complicated. Despite being a socialist of Jewish origin, he he was declaring his fascination with the teachings of Jesus Christ, which did not discouraged him from anti-clerical activity. Other members of his party were surprised at his positive attitude to religion, whereas the churchmen considered him an enemy because of his socialist views.
first rewind previous Strona / 47 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.