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nr 1
63 - 73
EN
Complex sentence types including deverbative in the predicative function of dependent clause in the Marquesan language are described here. Texts collected and published by E. S. Craighil Handy in 1930 as well as the important collection of Marquesan legends prepared by Henri Lavondes are employed for the description and analysis of complex sentences containing dependent clauses of temporal meaning. All documents used illustrate the linguistic situation on the islands and demonstrate the existing differences concerning phonology (especially the consonantal system), just as the functioning of the grammatical category of deverbalization in syntax.
EN
The syntactic structure of a well-organized text is often constricted and the connections between its elements clear enough to mark their relations using punctuation. Yet in contemporary Czech texts, this constriction may be loosened: the clause which should be subordinate to the main clause becomes independent, as if aspiring to become a new main clause. This is the case of complex sentences in which the substantive phrase of the main clause branches out into one relative clause followed by another coordinate relative clause whose dependence on the main clause is not expressed through the repetition of the relative pronoun.
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nr 2
83-103
EN
The concept of the complex sentence element (clause) is anchored in the formalsemantic level description. This description follows up on the classical approach, from form to meaning, but is based on K. Svoboda’s original concept of the complex sentence, among others. The concept of the complex sentence element on the level of complex sentence elements corresponds to the concept of the verbal clause as a complex unit on the lower sentence-element level. Like in phonology, certain traits, namely those of the complex sentence elements, are delimited as binary oppositions: subordinating – coordinating connective, incorporation by determination or apposition – disincorporation by coordination or parenthesis, commenting – lack of commenting. The focus of the article lies in the classification of complex sentence elements into nine types based on the combinations of the traits mentioned above. In one center of the system of these elements, there is a traditional subordinate clause, the subordinate clause with restricted determination, semi-subordinate clause, and false subordinate clause stand further from it. The second center is formed by the traditional main clause, to which the main clause with restricted coordination and the main clause with determination are attached. The periphery of the system is formed by the oppositional subordinate and appositional coordinate clause.
EN
The aim of this paper is to examine the distribution of the various types of clausal complements in Hungarian. The authoress argues that we can predict the syntactic type of the clausal complement of a predicate on the basis of two semantic criteria: world dependency and subject dependency between the matrix and the complement. To prove this, she investigates indicative, subjunctive and infinitive complements, and, in this context, she touches on the issue of obviation as well. The conclusions are the following: 1. If a complement introduces an independent world and it has an independent subject, it will be an indicative clausal complement. 2. If a complement introduces a dependent world and it has an independent subject, it will be a subjunctive clausal complement. 3. If a complement introduces a dependent world and it has a dependent subject, it will be an infinitive clausal complement. Predicates that do not have a subject can pattern either with type 2 or with type 3, i.e., they can be realized either as subjunctive clausal complements or as infinitive clausal complements (taking an overt subject and agreeing with it).
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