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EN
The release of the apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia revealed the need in the universal Church to accompany spouses in the initial years of marriage. The First Instruction of the Polish Episcopate for the Clergy on Preparation of the Faithful for the Sacrament of Marriage and on Pastoral Care of the Family introduced in Poland in the late sixties highlighted the fact that leaving young spouses alone in the initial stage of their life in marriage is disadvantageous. Therefore, Christian community should gain profound knowledge of the difficulties faced by young spouses in order to provide them with proper aid. St. John Paul II also highlighted the need to accompany young spouses in his apostolic exhortation Familiaris Consortio (cf. FC, 65). Pope Francis, concerned about the irresponsible attitude of fiancés towards contracting sacramental marriage, teaches in his apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia that “the initial years of marriage are a vital and sensitive period during which couples become more aware of the challenges and meaning of married life” (AL, 223). The Pope higlights the greatest opportunity of help in accompanying young spouses after the celebration of the sacrament of marriage. He encourages pastoral workers to assist young couples in order to help them complete the unfinished process of becoming mature in order to face the responsibility to contract sacramental marriage. The author of the article attempts to explain what accompanying is, what issues should be discussed during meetings with the spouses in the initial years of marriage and what subjects should actively participate in assissting young spouses.
EN
Political transformation has significantly influenced family and married life. It resulted in deepening of the crisis of marriage and in the appearance of new existential problems. The crisis experienced by married couples is reflected in the growing number of divorces, in the liberal social attitude towards divorce and in the practice of “trial marriages”. The political transformation in 1989 resulted in the change which consisted in the loss of the traditional nature of the family: based on a deep family bond, on respect for parents and for the elderly, on memory of the deceased, on keeping in memory genealogy and on the cult of the dead. Starting a family used to be the most appropriate way of regulating one’s life and of achieving life satisfaction. Social changes of the recent decades caused deepening of the crisis of the traditional marriage through: increasing expectations of the contemporary man towards life, moving from the country to the city, professional careers of women, growing sexual freedom, the hedonistic attitude in life, moral permissiveness, unemployment and emigration. Among other problems which are experienced by married couples and families there are: contracting marriage late in life, introducing the model of a family with only one child, contraception, divorces, unemployment, difficult material and living condition and emigration for money.
PL
Transformacja polityczna 1989 roku znacząco wpłynęła także na życie rodzinne. Spowodowała w konsekwencji pogłębienie kryzysu małżeństwa i pojawienie się nowych problemów egzystencjalnych. Kryzysy doświadczane przez małżonków znajdują odzwierciedlenie w rosnącej liczbie rozwodów, w społecznej akceptacji tego zjawiska oraz w tymczasowych formach wspólnego życia, w tzw. małżeństwach na próbę. Polityczne przemiany doprowadziły do przekształceń w tradycyjnym rozumieniu życia rodzinnego opartym na: głębokiej więzi rodzinnej, na szacunku dla rodziców i dla osób starszych, na pamięci o przodkach i kulcie zmarłych. Artykuł stanowi próbę opisania zarówno kulturowo-społecznych i politycznych skutków transformacji ustrojowej 1989 roku, jak i ich wpływu na życia małżeńskie i rodzinne.
EN
Raising children in single-parent families has been recognized as a serious problem which results in the situation where single parents (except for families where the absence of either parent is caused by their death) find themselves in conflict with the Catholic teaching on marriage. The situation influences the functioning of the family and the way the offspring are raised. The categories of single-parent families show certain similarities in the ways of their functioning. It is important to notice that in the single-parent families of unmarried people there appears to be significant lack of the emotional bond between the child and the absent parent. It is unique in such a group of families not to allow the presence of the other parent, mostly the father. In most cases the single parent who raises the child creates a negative image of the absent parent. In case of divorce, the excluded parent is deprived of the possibility to positively influence his or her own children. In fateful situations, it is death that excludes one of the parents from the family life. In order to prevent creating single-parent families we should take care of forming personal culture and the proper choice of a partner who will aim at setting up a full family. The partners who are going to set up a family should be taught how to be responsible for their life decisions and for the members of their families. The future parents should set up their full families in a mature and wise way because only such full families can be an ideal place for upbringing the child and for preparing him or her for their life in society.
EN
Apart from the care for the families, the family ministry also deals with all the issues concerning the betrothed. The period of engagement is a special time that should be devoted to discussing the plans for the future such as: the choice of the place to live in, the duties of each spouse, the financial issues, the sexual issues, social life, leisure, bringing up children and preparing them for the responsible life in the light of their real vocation. The proper, valuable and responsible experience of the engagement period helps to overcome the modern threats. These include: pairing among teenagers to be „only” with each other, the premarital „trial” cohabitation and the improper promotion of experiencing the engagement period in the media. The pastoral care of the family ministry for the future spouses is the action which will show them the appropriate way in order to help them to positively establish a successful marriage and family. The future spouses are supposed to decide to get married by an act of personal choice which should be well thought out, free and prayed for.
EN
In contemporary times many families feel lonely and face various types of crisis. Their faith in the presence of Christ in the Sacrament of Marriage is weakened and thus it makes it more difficult for them to create a relationship and may cause disappointment and discouragement in the undertaken new way of life. Therefore, one of the initiatives of the Church is to help spouses and parents to cope with the problems through pastoral care which aims at accompanying them in growing in their mutual love and in living the Gospel. Pastoral accompaniment can involve gathering of married couples and families, non-member families as well as mixed marriages of different religious affiliation into Catholic associations. These kinds of pastoral actions should contribute to creating a marriage and family-friendly environment in the parish.
PL
We współczesnych czasach wiele rodzin odczuwa osamotnienie i przeżywa różnego rodzaju kryzysy. Towarzyszy temu osłabienie wiary w obecność Chrystusa w sakramencie małżeństwa, co utrudnia budowanie wspólnoty i może rodzić rozczarowanie i zniechęcenie wobec podjętej drogi życia. Dlatego jedną z inicjatyw Kościoła jest wyjście naprzeciw problemom przeżywanym przez małżonków i rodziców poprzez działania duszpasterskie zmierzające do niesienia im odpowiedniej pomocy, aby wzrastali w miłości i przeżywaniu Ewangelii. Jedną z inicjatyw jest towarzyszenie duszpasterskie, które powinno obejmować: zrzeszenia małżeństw i rodzin, małżeństwa niezrzeszone, jak również małżeństwa mieszane oraz o różnej przynależności religijnej. Tego typu działania duszpasterskie powinny przyczynić się do stworzenia w parafii środowiska przyjaznego małżeństwu i rodzinie.
EN
The family, as the place of the apostolic activities, should show the children and youths its beauty and the possibilities of the apostolate. This task is performed if the family becomes a focus of Divine and human love for its members. This is expressed in building vital relations between the spouses and the children. The dialog that originates between the husband and the wife on the one hand and the children on the other, protects and deepens their love. In maintaining and respecting love the spouses and children are consolidated by faith that opens them to God’s presence and activity in life, and teaches them humility and trust. Both the husband and the wife are invited to undertake the evangelization tasks. Christian parents are the first teachers of faith and first educators for their children. Through word and example they prepare them for a Christian and apostolic life. Frequently children brought up in this way experience the reality of the circle they live in that is permeated with the spirit of apostolate, and they choose the particular way of monastic or priestly life, realizing the missionary vocation. The apostolate of the Christian family is not just wishful thinking, but the living necessity of the Church that in the name of Christ wants to transform the contemporary world. The family internally united and open to the neighbors makes Christ’s Church present everywhere it lives and acts.
EN
The article is about the process of developing the personality of a family minister according to the concept of Father Piotr Poręba. The personality of a family minister is shown as the general type of behaviour and the way of acting conditioned by the biological condition, the psychical condition and the family background of the family minister. In the general formulation of the issue, the author distinguishes the features and the attitudes of the family minister’s personality. The main features of a family minister are: the vocation, the care for the family life, the pastoral abilities, the ability to observe and to properly judge a situation, the social skills, the ability to sympathize to a family; whereas the attitudes of a family minister are the ones proving: the living faith, the coexistence, the eagerness to communicate with others, the eagerness to serve, the selfless, unconditioned love, and the Christian authenticity. The personality of a family minister develops through the innate activity as well as through the influence of other people.
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