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The results of archaeological excavations in South-Western part of Wawel Hill in Kraków (recent stage of investigations) are discussed.Results of excavations conducted before 1990 were elaborated exclusively on the base of descriptions, drawings and photos stored in the Archives of the Royal Castle on Wawel Hill and not numerous publications. Excavations during the years 1991-2004 were led and recorded by the author (or were supervised by him). They were already published in part. In the present article results of the mentioned investigations were collected, compared and interpreted in all. The current state of research into Mediaeval settlement phase, including defense constructions and building structures made of brick in the section IX of the Wawel Hill (South-Western part of it) is shown in this article in close connection to neighbouring sections -Vic, VIII, and X. State of research into section IX on the Wawel Hill is still insufficient, in spite of important discoveries made during the years 1991-1996, 2001-2002 and 2003-2004. It is caused - among others - by limited space of excavations. Chronology and construction of the Early Mediaeval defense ramparts should be verified. Also the location of the supposed palace connected to the Romanesque round church, discovered near Sandomierz Tower on the Southern outskirts of the Wawel Hill should be explained. Future excavations should identify relics of Mediaeval settlement (including building structures), especially the Early Mediaeval ones at the foot of defense rampart.
The author describes the results of the archaeological excavations on the southern edge of Wawel Hill in Cracow (the area of the Sandomierska Tower). The excavations began in 1913, were resumed as late as 1953-1954 and 1959, to be continued in 1964, 1971- 1986 and 2003-2004. In 1913 two, most likely stone-and-brick, pillars were excavated as well as fragments of the so-called burgrave's house. During the next diggings remains of the early medieval earthwork were identified and also an Early Gothic rampart along with traces of a settlement at the foot of the fortification and early medieval masonry structures (including a Romanesque rotunda dating from the second half of the 11th century). The investigations carried out between 2003 and 2004 in the cellar of the Sandomierska Tower (and in the cellars of the southern part of the former Austrian hospital building) permitted the verification of the earlier findings. In the northern and southern corners of the Tower's cellar relics of the early medieval fortifications of timbered earth were found, including ramparts of earth and limestone rubble, charred beams of the sides of chest construction, negative features of pillars of the palisade, and two rows of stakes preserved in the form of negative features. Also there were found some groups of pottery pieces, including 29 rims of vessels - 20 of them being plain (without moulding), and 9 barely developed.
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