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nr 4(33)
15-25
EN
Continuing 'Cooperative Thought Library' the journal Editor reminds professor Czeslaw Strzeszewski (1903-1999) prominent historian of corporate thought and philosopher, reprinting his text that appeared in Polish in 1939 in 'Korporacjonizm'.
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nr 1(34)
9-17
EN
Strauss views modern mass democracy in its relation to mass culture. He sees his own concept of liberal education, viable also in the modern times, as an opposition to mass culture. This education is rooted in the aristocratic antique republicanism. Virtually every politics remains suspicious to philosophy and does not freely accept its own true image. Political philosophy, in Strauss opinion, sometimes has got to avoid persecution using 'noble lies' or hiding some of its findings. Modern democracies are bound to promote instrumental and material values and modern open society according to Strauss is prone to self-destructing relativism. Strauss noted that commercial republics unofficially repress and discriminate people and groups representing strong beliefs and treating high values as objective values. The ideas that all the points of view are equal and that in the light of egalitarian conformism any visible lack of democracy is immoral to Strauss were dangerous illusions. In the opinion of the American philosopher of politics the victory of democracy may not be final, nevertheless it is sure that a man can be really free only if he tries to be brave.
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Content available remote VÝSKUM CEZHRANIČNEJ SPOLUPRÁCE MEDZI SLOVENSKOU REPUBLIKOU A UKRAJINOU
80%
EN
In the circumstances of existing tendencies towards integration within uniting Europe, it is necessary to surmount mental stereotypes, which, from the historical point of view, have perceived borders and border zones as the areas of potential conflict, battlefield or buffer-zone, where all more significant investments are exposed to possible risk. Surpassing this legacy of the past is relevant also in the case of the Slovak-Ukrainian border zone, which though having a real potential is stigmatized by the phenomenon of periphery and border zone. The realized research, which is the subject of the study, assesses a current state of cross-border cooperation between the Slovak Republic and Ukraine and exposes its positives and at the same time also deficiencies, which are reflected by its participants.
EN
Socially responsible enterprise can be interpreted in terms of 'social capital', which is defined as connection within and between social networks. These connections, treated as a potential value, are characterized by mutual trust and stressing the importance of cooperation. As a consequence employees learn that cooperation is an effective tool to maximize their own profits (especially in the long term). Mutual trust and cooperation give rise to unformalized, spontaneous exchanges, and these lead to flexibility and innovation. Differentiating organizations by means of the level of social capital is based on the analysis of individuals' tendency to cooperate. The aim of the article is to describe the connection between the practices undertaken in an organization to strengthen cooperative attitudes and their consequences for the national social capital.
EN
There are numerous blank spots in the empirical analysis of social capital. Researchers, international organisations and research groups offer various approaches for assessing social capital. Regardless of the level on which the social capital is analysed - public, business or individual - it is possible to differentiate among three basic methods that can be used, namely, the micro approach, the macro approach and the mezzo approach. Cooperation (its form, structure and conditions) is a basic element of social capital. This article describes the first step in analysing social capital in Latvia by focusing on cooperation as the characteristic element of social capital and its relation to indicators of business development in the tourism industry. It is clear that there is a need for in-depth analysis which deals with the dynamic aspects of social capital by focusing on prerequisites for establishing social capital and the morphology of social networks in order to identify which type of social networking structure facilitates successful cooperation in the tourism industry.
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nr 4
511-532
EN
The theory of mind - a capacity of attributing mental states to other individuals - plays a crucial role in social life. On the one hand, it facilitates one's cooperation with group members, and, on the other hand, it makes it possible to manipulate others for achieving one's own purposes. In the recent study an attempt has been made to analyse certain important aspects of the complex relationship between theory of mind and social behaviour. For examining mindreading capacity, subjects were asked to follow short stories, and the level of Machiavellianism and cooperative ability was measured by using various tests. The authors have shown that Machiavellianism is negatively associated with a readiness for cooperation: those persons who are more inclined to manipulate others show a lower degree of cooperation. Second, strong correlation was found between mindreading capacity and cooperative ability. This finding could be interpreted that the better mindreading capacity one has, the higher level of cooperation with others one shows. Finally, no significant association was found between theory of mind and Machiavellianism. This result did not support their assumption that those persons who more easily take the others' perspective and understand their intentions and knowledge, efficiently and successfully manipulate the others. For the discussion of gthe authots' results - especially the third one - the hypothesis of 'cold' and 'hot' empathy, the representation of moral emotions, and other cognitive explanatory models were used.
EN
Contemporary determinants of the public sector activity are connected with emerging new public services, creating and transforming human capital and growth of social needs. The dynamic of environmental changes forces public organizations to build the productive potential and search for alternative sources of funding the investment in the range of social needs. Public -Private Partnerships (PPP) is a promising method to finance public services or goods when the public budget is limited, using activity, dynamics and the efficiency of the private sector. PPP is usually defined as a collaborative arrangement between the public and one or more private organizations. By combining public expertise, complementary contribution from the private sector and using tools of planning and monitoring and collecting information, PPP can offer leverage its resources, assets and generate a revenue stream. In this article, the authors are concerned with target costing as a management tool which can be used in the PPP arrangement and processes.
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Content available Wybrane finansowe aspekty konkurencyjnosci rolnictwa
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nr 4(333)
36-53
EN
The positive feedback effect may cause that the improvement of the financial potential of farms should translate into the increase of the future competitiveness. Negative feedback effect will result in its decrease. It has to be remembered, however, that no automatisms apply in this case since the financial potential is only one of many determinants of competitiveness and building competitive advantages. The latter, however, form a complementary interdependent system rather than excluding characteristics. The article presents the analysis of four of many possible classifications of competitive advantages in agriculture: efficiency/productivity one; the one based on innovations and entrepreneurship; the one referring to corporate social responsibility (CSR), and the one referring to creating shared economic and social value (CSV). Moreover, the article covers an analysis of relations between competitiveness and cooperation, namely problems with e.g. coopetition and creation of syncretic rent in networks of various organisations, often those functioning in vertically integrated systems. The latter more and more often appear in the food sector.
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nr 871
167-180
EN
The paper looks at the issues of persuasion and manipulation. The first aim of the paper was to distinguish persuasion from manipulation, in terms of both their similarities and differences. The phenomenon of persuasion is appropriate in cooperation, while manipulation is more appropriate in competitive settings. The second part of the paper discusses the typology of persuasion and manipulation techniques.
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nr 1(3)
161-176
EN
The article aims at indicating connections between the common immigration policy and the EU internal security. It accentuates such topics as: the degree of development of the EU common immigration policy, the immigration issues in the strategy of the EU internal security, the instruments of the common immigration policy serving the EU internal security policy, and the incorporation of immigration issues in the EU external policy. The author puts forward a thesis of growing degree of externalization of the common immigration policy. It is manifested in the growing importance of instruments aiming at the externalization of risk connected with immigration and in involving the immigration issues into the spheres of co-operation with the states outside the EU.
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nr 2(58)
121-138
EN
Changes in the contemporary world are manifested by shifting from society-oriented attitude to a more individualistic approach, from responsibility to self-accomplishment, from cooperation to freedom and competition. In view of the changes towards individualism, the problem of cooperation among junior high school students entering adulthood, so far neglected in educational studies, has been approached. The article searches for prerequisites of the relation between individualism versus collectivism and the readiness of an individual to cooperate. Individualism is related to the self-orientation, whereas collectivism means „towards others” attitude. Theoretical analyses are completed with the analysis of a section of research on treating adolescents' orientation on individualistic versus collectivistic values as a factor differentiating cooperation under task situations. It does not mean, however, that adolescents stopped appreciating collectivistic values. This tendency complies with the decisions made by other authors. The hypothesis about the difference in results concerning cooperative behaviours depending on a particular orientation, namely on individualistic and collectivitis values, has not been confirmed. At this level of the analysis there are no grounds for concluding whether the individualistic or the collectivistic orientation is more in favour of cooperation. It is probable that cooperation involves both individualistic as well as collectivistic values. It is in agreement with the views of other authors that individualism and collectivism can co-exist. The considerations in the paper are a reason for seeking possibilities of joining personal interest of an individual with pro-community cooperation, which is an important issue in terms of conceptualisation of the vision of the community as well as in terms of the undertaken educational activities for young generation.
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nr 2
245-255
EN
The aim of the article is to show the possibilities for financing cooperation be-tween science and business using external funds, especially funds from the European Union programs. In Poland, this type of cooperation is not realized on a sufficient scale. The article presents examples of three different types of projects. Moreover it attempts to analyze the reasons for insufficient use of cooperation between sectors. Methods used in the research work are literature studies and case studies of project co-financed by external sources.
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nr 1(34)
62-73
EN
The article presents corporate models of enterprise and from that models derives managers motivation to merge enterprises. It analyses the influence of motivation on enterprise's economic effectiveness. The analyses of theoretical models proves that the enterprises' growth based on the motive of maximum utility for the managers may be profitable but the growth In itself is not necessary or sufficient to improve enterprise's effectiveness. Foreign research do not prove whether fusions and mergers are beneficial for the enterprises. Therefore presented relations should be analysed in further research.
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nr 871
45-57
EN
This article describes the role of clusters in knowledge sharing. It presents a general theory of clusters including a definition, types of clusters, and ways of setting them up. The main part of the article concentrates on: – the knowledge creation process in a cluster, described using SECI model, – cluster typology.The article is based on the study of both Polish and foreign literature.
15
Content available remote Znaczenie i rozwój klastrów w województwie łódzkim
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nr 2
143-153
XX
The aim of this article is to present the role and development of clusters in Lodzkie province. The article consists of five parts. The first one is a short description of Lodzkie province. The next two parts are dedicated to the phenomenon of cluster. The author presents definitions and common features of clusters and the factors affecting cluster development. The fourth part focuses on the strategy of cluster in Lodz. In the last one the author provides examples of clusters operating in the region.
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2010
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nr 1
17-21
EN
The moral situation of media today is such that the criteria of good and evil are being replaced by criteria of income. So, the moral theologians and specialists of media need to cooperate. The dynamic development of new Technologies can offer full information as the product, but the product which is being sold with respect to the law and for good of the society. It does not mean that the information should be under the control of the state. The state authorities should consider it as the property of the society, to protect it and allow it to serve to all the people.
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nr 1
3-15
EN
The paper concentrates on Durkheim's analysis of the sciences and of the exchange processes between the different branches of the sciences. The first part deals with Durkheim's description of the anomic division of scientific labor which is manifested in the lack of coordination between the different branches of knowledge. The author comes to the conclusion that the market model is inadequate to describe scientific exchanges and that Durkheim must have felt that. However, he was unable to define a remedy. In later works, he sketched two models, which, according to him, would solve the problem of scientific exchanges. The first one was outlined in his program for the 'Annee sociologique.' There he defined sociology as an interdisciplinary venture which would coordinate the different social sciences, providing methodological unity and assuring the exchange of scientific knowledge. The second model was sketched in Durkheim's history of higher education. There he saw periods of intensive exchange, of collective scientific effervescence where spontaneous cooperation between scientists emerged. In this sense, scientific exchanges would contribute to the establishment of social solidarity itself. Durkheim's answers are inadequate but the problem of scientific cooperation and exchange remains a problem which is not satisfactorily solved.
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nr 4
679 – 693
EN
This paper is based on the analysis of cultural cooperation between the Serbian and Czech nations in terms of theoretical observations of cultural characteristics of the “Sokol” movement or social organization that emerged in the early twentieth century along with the process of national awakening of the Slavic peoples, and contemporary trends that initiated its renewal in Serbia. The “Sokol” movement was a Slavonic national organization, with societies in all Slavic countries. The movement’s task was to educate its members in the spiritual and national unity of their body, guided by the principles of morality, ethics, aesthetics and democracy in terms of ideas, set by its founder Miroslav Tyrš. The idea of Tyrš’s “Sokol” movement could be defined as the whole idea of comprehensive education of individuals, covering both their spiritual and physical activities in accordance with the characteristics derived from a synthesis of national feelings, cultural cooperation, harmony, and the height of one‘s ideals. The Czech “Sokol” movement was an expression of the national resistance and unity of all Slavs. The Serbian “Sokol” movement strove to equate “Sokol” thinking with Serbian ideas of the liberation, unity and progress of the whole Serbian nation. The movement constituted part of the rich cultural traditions of the Czech and Serbian peoples. Theoretically, the outcome of the work would be reflected in the form of descriptions of the origin, dynamics and effects of the Slavonic association of two cultures through this movement. At the same time we must not lose sight of the fact that theoretical observations can be a significant advantage but not a sufficient condition for the successful consideration of the studied effects of cultural cooperation between the Serbian and Czech nations.
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nr 1
31 – 45
EN
In the era of knowledge economy, innovations are gaining increasing importance and becoming crucial for firms (countries) to gain their competitive advantage. However, most of countries are not able to exploit the innovation potential and failing during innovation and supporting processes. In this study, we use own multiple linear regression models and data from Community Innovation Survey to compare three European countries – Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, which declined in the international rankings of competitiveness and innovative activities in recent years. The results confirm our claim that there is a need to find proper drivers´ that will allow creation of synergies and spill over effects. We empirically prove that proper targeting of innovation drivers significantly influences the growth of firms´ turnover from innovated products that may lead to increasing of firms´ (national) competitiveness.
EN
Within the removing barriers and improving the neighbouring relationships of the Slovak Republic and Ukraine, the research of crossing the borders was carried out. This research was focused on border points Vyšné Nemecké and Ubľa. Data for this research was collected from August 2016 to October 2016. The findings were related to the travelling aim, demographic data, time limits for crossing the Slovak-Ukrainian border, satisfaction with border guards and customs officers, as well as to the state of border crossing points Vyšné Nemecké and Ubľa. Passengers suggested the ways and the means how to accelerate border procedures that would shorten waiting time and would improve the work of border guards and custom officers. The work and activity of Slovak border guards and customs officers was positively assessed. On the other hand, the job of Ukrainian border guards and customs officers was more criticized when comparing to Slovakia. Concrete suggestions for improvement of this activity are made at the end of the study.
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